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AQHA Region 10 Youth Horse Judging Contest. If you use the IE10 brower, please change your settings to compatibility mode in and The Dream Essay, order to access the dropdown menus on this site until updates have been made. The 2014 NC 4-H Horse Program Enrollment form is now available. In A Sexual Economy Essay? The updated 2013 Open Horse Show Judges' List may be found here . Find your local county extension office HERE. AQHA REGION 10 YOUTH HORSE JUDGING CONTEST. CANCELED for and The American Dream, 2010. Headhunters? T. California American? Ed Garrison Arena. 1101 West Queen Street. Pendleton, SC 29670. AQHA Region 10 Experience Committee. North Carolina Quarter Horse Association.
South Carolina Quarter Horse Association. Georgia Quarter Horse Association. Florida Quarter Horse Association. North Carolina State University. The second annual AQHA Region 10 Youth Horse Judging Contest will be held in conjunction with the literary definition, AQHA Region 10 Show Experience at the T. Ed Garrison Arena in Clemson, SC on Saturday, May 16, 2009. The contest hopefully will become an annual event if entries increase in 2009.
The 2009 contest is sponsored by the AQHA Region 10 Planning Committee and coordinated jointly by the Equine Programs at Clemson University and Extension Horse Husbandry at American Dream North Carolina State University. The contest will offer a youth judging division for junior and senior 4-H, FFA and state breed association teams. Although there is not an intercollegiate division offered in this contest, college teams are invited to attend the contest for practice. The addition of an intercollegiate division is under consideration for future contests. All judging contest classes will be judged according to AQHA Novice rules and will feature horses exhibiting at the regional show. To Be? Please help us promote this event to and The Dream, all county 4-H members, FFA students and youth breed association members in your area.
Please feel free to contact either contest co-coordinator if you have questions. North Carolina State University. Headhunters Lice? Raleigh, NC 27695-7523. Dr. Kristine Vernon. 135 Poole Agricultural Bldg. Clemson, SC 29634-0311. Dream? Any youth organization (state breed association, county 4-H program, school FFA) from any state may enter two senior teams (ages 14-19) and two junior teams (ages 9-13) and as many individuals as desired. Senior teams will be composed of participants who have reached age 14 and have not reached age 19 as of January 1. Junior teams are composed of Learning Essay, members who have not yet reached age 14 as of January1. Youth who have competed in and The Dream, a national level horse judging contest are ineligible to compete for awards. Eligibility must be certified via signature on the entry forms by conceit literary definition, the county extension agent, breed association youth advisor or FFA instructor.
A team must be composed of three or four members. When four members compete, the three members with the highest total score will be used in determining team awards. All participants in the contest will be eligible for individual awards or recognition. The entry fee is $10.00 per Dream Essay contestant . Selfish Essay? No late entries will be accepted if postmarked after May 1, 2009 . And The? Entry fees will be used to pay contest expenses. Contestants will receive a box lunch. Senior team (ages 14-19) Senior individual (ages 14-19)
Junior team (ages 9-13) Junior individual (ages 9-13) Parents of contestants with specific medical needs during the contest must submit a written request to the contest coordinator attached to Consumerism in a Sexual Essay, the entry form. While contest is in progress, there will be no conferring between participants or between a participant and California and The American Dream, anyone else except as directed by the chairman or his representatives. Failure to abide by headhunters lice, this regulation will result in disqualification of the participant. Participants may speak to their group leader if they have any questions or problems. Eight to 10 classes, consisting of four Quarter Horses in each class shall be judged. The horses in California Dream Essay, each class will be of the Consumerism in a Economy Essay, same breed, sex and approximate age. The showman of each horse in each class shall wear a number for identification purposes. Classes, obtained from Region 10 AQHA Show entries, will be selected from the following list of potential classes. Essay? In addition, American Quarter Horses, not entered in the Regional Experience Show could be used in halter or performance classes. All performance classes will be judged according to Novice AQHA rules.
Western Pleasure Hunter Under Saddle Reining Western Riding Hunter Hack Pleasure Driving Western Horsemanship Huntseat Equitation Showmanship at Halter Trail. Participants will place a minimum of four halter classes and four performance classes. The additional classes will vary depending on availability. Attempts will be made to only select horses for inclusion within the Changes in Things Fall Achebe Essay, judging contest that are serviceably sound. However, all horses in California and The American, conformation classes will be considered and judged as sound. In performance classes, a horse’s soundness will be judged and placed accordingly as seen. Literary Definition? A maximum of 15 minutes will be allowed for participants to place all nonreasons halter classes. Halter classes in which oral reasons are to be given will be judged in California American Dream Essay, a period of 17 minutes. The participants will hand to literary, the group leader or his assistant the card bearing his placing of the class as soon as time is up. This card will be available to each participant when he is called before the official judged to California and The Essay, give his oral reasons. Changes In Things By Chinua Achebe Essay? Scoring will be based on the Hormel Computing System with 50 points being a perfect score on a class placing or on a set of oral reasons.
An unmarked card, cards with more than one placing, or a card that is California and The American, not readable will receive a score of mlk speech, “0.” All classes will consist of California and The, four horses.Oral reasons will be scored in accordance with the guidelines provided by: Participants will provide oral reasons for in a Sexual Economy, their judging decisions as follows: Participants who are senior members will give four oral sets of reasons. Senior reasons will be given in at least two halter classes and and The Essay, two performance classes. Participants who are junior members will give two sets of oral reasons (one halter and headhunters, one performance set) for team awards and junior individual awards. Participants will be notified when the class is called if oral reasons will be given on California and The Essay, the class being judged. Participants will be required to take notes on all performance classes. The officials will select reasons classes and announce the in a, reasons classes selected at the conclusion of the performance classes. Contestants are encouraged to take notes on all classes. Reasons will be given orally to an official.
Two minutes will be allowed for California Dream Essay, each participant to give his or her oral reasons. Learning To Be Essay? At least 15 minutes will be allowed between reasons for participants to organize their reasons. Participants will not be permitted to California and The American Dream, use notes when giving oral reasons but shall have the conceit, card upon California American, which they recorded their placing. Final standing shall be based upon conceit, both the placing and the oral reasons. Fifty points shall constitute a perfect score in American Essay, placing the animals, and 50 points shall constitute a perfect score for oral reasons. In classes where no reasons are required, only the placing will be considered. Ties will be broken by reasons scores. Teams or individuals with higher reasons scores will be placed above the other team or individual with which they were tied.
The final results of the contest will be announced and Consumerism Economy, awards will be presented following the contest. The top 10 individuals in the Junior and Senior Divisions will be recognized in an overall, placings and oral reasons categories. The top five overall teams in each age division will be recognized. All contest tabulations will be declared official at California and The the awards ceremony. If errors are found in the event tabulations within 24 hours from the award announcement, the How the Tribe Changes Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay, youth who received the award incorrectly will return the award, which will then be awarded to the correct youth. A coaches meeting will be held in American Essay, the stands of the upper concourse at the T. Analysis? Ed Garrison Main Arena on California American Dream Essay, Friday, May 15, 2009 at 7:00 pm . Coaches are encouraged but not required to attend.
Contest rules will be reviewed and coaches will have an opportunity to obtain class patterns and check pre-registered entries. Please note that this form must be postmarked by May 1st, 2009 or your team will be disqualifie d. Entry fees are $10.00 per youth. 1310 Tiger Blvd. Clemson, SC 29631. Request the Judging Conference Block to get a discounted rate of $55/room. Headhunters Lice? Reserve your room prior to April 30th, 2009 to California and The American, receive this special event rate. Adobe Acrobat is necessary to view these files. Mlk Speech Analysis? Don't have it?
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Malaria and mosquito net utilisation among schoolchildren in villages with or without healthcare facilities at different altitudes in Iringa District, Tanzania. The endemicity of California Dream Essay, malaria in Tanzania is heterogenous, mainly associated with physical factors such as topography, climate and socio-economic status. The contributions of these factors in many regions of Tanzania have not been studied in Tribe Changes in Things Achebe detail. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and transmission of malaria and mosquito nets coverage among schoolchildren in relation to California and The American Dream Essay altitude in villages with or without healthcare facilities in Iringa District,Tanzania. A cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren was carried out in six villages in three altitude transects (965#x02013;2075 m). In each transect a village with and without a healthcare facility were selected. The villages included Idodi (965m), Makifu (985m), Tosamaganga (1561m) Mangalali (1520m) Lulanzi (1917) and Kilolo (2075m). For the in a Economy purpose of this study, the villages were categorised as lowlands (Idodi and Makifu), intermediate (Tosamaganga and Mangalali) and highlands (Lulanzi and Kilolo. And The? Healthcare facilities were available at headhunters, Idodi,Tosamaganga and Kilolo. Each child was asked whether or not slept under a mosquito net during the previous night.
Mosquitoes were collected using pyrethrum spray catch technique in ten houses in each study village. Blood smears from a total of 1643 schoolchildren (mean age = 5.9#x02013;12.3 years) were examined for malaria infection. Plasmodium falciparum accounted for California and The American Dream Essay, 93.1% of the conceit literary definition malaria parasites. The prevalence of P. falciparum among children in Idodi, Makifu, Mangalali,Tosamaganga, was 51.51%, 73.66%, 22.79%, and 14.83%, respectively. Malaria parasites were not found among children in and The American the highland villages of Lulanzi and Kilolo). The prevalence of malaria parasitaemia, packed cell volume, geometric mean parasite density and spleen rates were higher in children living in villages without healthcare facilities ( P #x0003c;0.001). Of the children, 16.1% (264/1643) slept under a mosquito net during the mlk speech analysis previous night. About three quarters (253/344) of the schoolchildren who had malaria parasites were not using mosquito nets. Mosquito net coverage was higher in lowland villages, accounting for 61.7% (163/264) of the total net use in the district.
The majority (75.5%) of the mosquito net users were from village with health facilities ( P #x0003c;0.001). A total of 228 mosquitoes were collected, with Anopheles gambiae s.l. accounting for the majority (53.5%). Overall, 8.7% of the An. gambiae s.l. were infected with malaria sporozoites. Higher sporozoite rates were observed in mosquitoes collected in the lowlands. Communities living in areas without health facilities form the largest proportion of malaria-infected populations in Iringa district. Availability of healthcare service has an influence on mosquito net coverage. The results provide more evidence of the existence of a relationship between altitude variability or accessibility to California American Dream healthcare services, and the burden of malaria in analysis rural communities of Tanzania. Malaria remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality, with an over 600 million cases and over 2 million deaths each year worldwide.
Over 90% of the cases occur in sub-Saharan Africa where falciparum malaria is pervasive and the the major killer of children #x0003c;5 years old 1 . For many years malaria in Dream Essay Africa has been categorized into levels of headhunters, endemicity (as hypo-, meso-, hyper- or holoendemic) or as stable and unstable transmission 2 , 3 . Such classification does not consider fine differences in transmission intensity that may influence the outcome of malaria associated morbidity within the same geographical locality. Comparing areas of different endemicity is a means of understanding the relationship between the environmental and American Dream Essay, socio-economic risk factors in malaria transmission and definition, acquisition of parasites and California and The American Dream Essay, hence malaria morbidity. Factors that influence malaria transmission and malaria risk are manifold, but a major distinction can be made between intrinsic and lice, extrinsic risk factors. Intrinsic factors may be defined as characteristics belonging either to the parasite, vector or host and which are not part of the natural environment 4 . Host intrinsic factors include sickle cell trait in humans 5 , pregnancy 6 , nutritional status 7 , knowledge of malaria 8 and co-infection with other diseases 9 , 10 . Extrinsic factors which include physical and biological factors mostly affect the California Essay development and survival of the mosquito and the parasite (temperature, rainfall, humidity, vegetation, alternative hosts, etc), while human activities, behaviour and in a Sexual Economy, living conditions (socio-economic factors) may provide an additional risk as a result of an increased exposure to the disease. Recently in a study in central Tanzania malaria prevalence was observed to vary between villages with and without healthcare facilities, located at similar altitudes 11 . To what extent environmental, socio-economic and other factors indeed contribute to an increased risk of California and The American Dream Essay, malaria remains unclear in most parts of Tanzania and are subject for How the Changes Fall Apart Essay, further research. It was therefore the California and The American Dream Essay objective of this study to determine malaria parasitaemia and Learning to be Selfish Essay, transmission and utilisation of and The American Dream, mosquito nets among schoolchildren in villages with or without healthcare facility in Iringa District,Tanzania. This cross-sectional study was carried out in Iringa district (7#x000b0;35'S, 35#x000b0;30'E) in Consumerism Essay Tanzania. The district comprises of three distinctive landscape zones which were categorised for the purpose of this study as high-, intermediate and lowland zones. The highland zone (#x0003e;1600 m) is characterised by mountainous and undulating topography.
The mean annual rainfall is about 1300mm. The highlands are usually cold with an and The American Dream, average temperature of 15#x000b0;C. Mlk Speech? The intermediate zone (1001#x02013;1600m) is characterised by California and The Dream Essay scattered mountain hills and flat areas with swamps and ponds. The area receives a mean annual rainfall of How the Tribe Changes Fall by Chinua Essay, 600#x02013;1000mm. The annual mean temperature ranges between 15 and 20#x000b0;C. The lowland zone (#x02264;1000 m) lies within the Great Rift Valley, and is usually dry, hot with mean annual rainfall of 500#x02013;600mm and mean annual temperature of 20#x02013;30#x000b0;C. The district inhabitants are predominantly rural and practice subsistence farming. Major crops in the lowlands include rice and maize; fishing and livestock farming is also common. In the intermediate zone, major crops include maize, tobacco, onions, sweet potatoes, sunflower, sorghum, and and The American Dream, tropical fruits. The main crops in the highlands include maize, wheat, potatoes, fruits, vegetables and timber. The district was stratified into three strata based on in a Economy, the altitude.
Then a random sample of two villages (with and without healthcare facility) was selected in each stratum. The villages were Idodi and Makifu (lowlands), Mangalali and Tosamaganga (intermediate) and Kilolo and California and The Dream, Lulanzi (highlands). The Precontemplation Stage Is Characterized By? Healthcare facilities were available at Idodi (health centre), Tosamaganga (hospital) and Kilolo (dispensary). The average distance between villages in the same stratum was 11 km. The altitudes and coordinates of the California American Dream selected study areas were determined at the precontemplation stage is characterized, the central point of each village using a hand-held Global Positioning Satellite receiver. The sample size calculation was based on the anticipated malaria prevalence to be between 20#x02013;30% according to the proportion of malaria cases reported in American Dream Essay the district. The true value was expected to be within 95% confidence interval with relative precision of mlk speech analysis, 0.10.
The sample size (minimum of 240 children) was equally distributed within the study villages. Malariometric surveys were carried out to cover a sample of California Essay, schoolchildren in schools, one in each village. The aim was to screen 1800 schoolchildren in the six villages. From each child, personal data such as name, sex, age and village were entered in a questionnaire form. Each child was examined clinically and thick and thin blood smears were collected from a finger prick. The blood smears were stained with 10% Giemsa in stage phosphate buffer ( p H 7.2) and examined under a microscope at 1000x magnification to identify any malaria parasite species present.
Enumeration of the and The Essay malaria parasite was made and parasites were counted against Consumerism in a Sexual Essay 200 leukocytes. And The Dream? When sexual malaria parasites (gametocytes) were present, they were enumerated against 500 leukocytes. Parasite rate, geometric mean of parasite density, gametocyte rates and density indices were then determined. All schoolchildren were palpated in a horizontal position for Consumerism Sexual Essay, the presence of enlarged spleen by a medical doctor 3 . Each child screened for malaria parasite was asked whether he/she slept under a mosquito net during the previous night. Fingerprick blood from a representative sample of pupils (50 children) from each village was taken into heparinised capillary tubes for packed cell volume (PCV) determination 12 . Entomological surveys were conducted in the same villages where the and The American Dream parasitological surveys were done. Mosquito collections were done in 10 houses in each village using pyrethrum spray catch technique. As much as possible, sentinel houses were of conceit, similar construction to avoid the effect of variability caused by differences in construction. All mosquito collections were morphologically identified, sorted according to California American site of collection, house, date and species. Mlk Speech Analysis? Female Anopheles gambiae s.l. California And The American Dream? were dissected to determine parity by observing the degree of How the Tribe Fall Apart Essay, coiling of ovarian tracheoles (13).
Salivary glands of parous mosquitoes were examined for malaria sporozoites using standard dissection techniques. All data were entered and verified in and The Microsoft Excel or Access and mlk speech analysis, analysed using STATA statistical analysis software package version 8 (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA, 2003). American Dream Essay? In order to investigate whether there was a relationship between parasitaemia and the absence or presence of healthcare facility, we explored the distribution of variables and summarised the statistics of each individual variable. For the stage continuous variables such as age of children and and The American Dream Essay, PCV level, Shapiro-Wilk test was used to check for normality. Chi-square test was done to headhunters lice determine whether there was an and The American Essay, association between malaria parasitaemia and other categorical variables such as altitude and presence of healthcare facility.
The magnitude of the effect between strata and presence of analysis, healthcare facility in California American relation to Consumerism Sexual malaria prevalence was obtained using logistic regression analysis. In each school, meetings were held with the teachers, to explain the California purpose and methodology of the study before the screening was done. Lice? All children with malaria were offered appropriate treatment free of charge. Ethical clearance was granted by and The Dream the Medical Research Coordination Committee of the National Institute for Medical Research. There was a high participation, with 91.3% of the target sample recruited in the survey. A total of 1643 children (mean age range = 5.9#x02013;12.3 years) were screened for malaria parasites. The sexes were almost equally represented; however, girls formed a slightly higher proportion of the study subjects in all schools except in Idodi ( Table 1 ). Plasmodium falciparum (93.1%) was the predominant species of malaria in the district. Conceit Definition? P. malariae and mixed infections of P. falciparum + P. Essay? malariae and P. falciparum + P. ovale and P. malariae + P. ovale accounted for 2.5%, 3.7%, 0.5% and 0.2%, respectively. The overall district mean prevalence rate of P. How The Tribe Fall Achebe? falciparum was 25.9% (418/1614). Parasite prevalence decreased with increasing altitude.
It was 62.6% in the lowlands, 18.8% in the intermediate and 0% in the highlands. Children in villages in the intermediate transect were at American Essay, lower risk of getting malaria infection by 16% (95% CI: 10% #x02013; 24%, P #x0003c;0.01) than those in the lowlands. Malaria parasite rates in villages with health facilities were significantly lower than in villages without health facilities ( Table 2 ). Communities living in areas without health facilities in the lowland and intermediate transect were at a higher risk of acquiring malaria infection by 35% (95% CI: 24% #x02013; 52%, P #x0003c;0.001) and Changes by Chinua Achebe, 55% (95% CI: 34% #x02013; 88%, P =0.01), respectively when compared with their contemporaries in villages with healthcare facilities. The geometric means of American Dream, parasite density (GMPD) for Economy, P. falciparum in the lowlands and intermediate transects were 499.8 and American Essay, 231.5/#x000b5;l of blood, respectively. The GMPD was 2.4 higher among children in the low than in Learning Selfish Essay the intermediate altitudes ( P #x0003c;0.01). Higher mean parasite density was observed among schoolchildren in villages without healthcare facilities than in those with healthcare facilities ( P #x0003c;0.01) ( Table 2 ). P. falciparum gametocytes were observed in 0.73% (12/1635) of the children. Dream Essay? The gametocyte rate was significantly higher in the low- (1.5%) than in the intermediate altitudes (0.6%) (P#x0003c; 0.0001). A total of 172 (10.5%) of the children had enlarged spleen. Of the children with enlarged spleens, 82.6% were from villages in the lowlands.
Spleen rate was higher (26.6%) in the lowlands and lower (5.6%) in the intermediate transect. Spleen enlargement was not observed among children in the highlands. The spleen rates were significantly lower in villages with healthcare facilities in both lowland (Idodi=22.4% versus Makifu= 30.9%) ( P = 0.03) and intermediate transect (Tosamaganga= 3.4% versus Mangalali = 7.8%) (P=0.04) ( Figure 1 ). The packed cell volumes (PCV) were significantly higher among children in the highland than in the lowland villages ( P #x0003c;0.05) ( Table 1 ). There was no significant difference between PCV in children between villages with and without healthcare facilities. Of the screened children, 16.1% (264/1643) slept under a mosquito net during the previous night.
Mosquito net coverage was 41.1, 16.5, 24.2, 16.3, 1.0 and 0% in Idodi, Makifu,Tosamaganga, Mangalali, Lulanzi and Kilolo, respectively. Mosquito net coverage was higher in lowland villages, accounting for 61.7% (163/264) of the total net use in the district. The majority (75.5%) of the mosquito net users were from village with health facilities ( P #x0003c;0.001). Further analysis showed that in 73.6% (253/344) of the schoolchildren who had malaria parasites were not using mosquito nets. Malaria parasite rate in the lowlands was significantly lower among those sleeping under nets than those without nets ( P =002). However, this variation was not observed among infected children in the intermediate transect villages ( P #x0003e;0.05).
A total of 228 mosquitoes were collected in conceit definition six villages. Of these, 53.5% (N=122) were An. American Dream? gambiae s.l., 1.8% (N=4) were An. funestus , and 43.4% (N=99) were Culex quinquefasciatus . Other species accounted for 1.3% (N=3). Larger numbers of An. Conceit? gambiae s.l. and Cx quinquefasciatus were collected in Makifu and Tosamaganga, respectively. The average density of the California American Dream Essay An. gambiae s.l. was 4 per room. Overall, 8.7% of An. Headhunters Lice? gambiae s.l. were infected with malaria sporozoites. The sporozoite rate was highest in mosquitoes collected in Idodi (14.3%). None of the mosquitoes collected in Lulanzi, Mangalali and Tosamaganga was infected ( Table 3 ). Malaria parasite prevalence in Iringa district varied markedly with altitude, ranging from 0 to 73.66%. Higher parasite rates were observed in villages at low than higher altitude transects. Children from California and The Dream Essay, villages at higher altitudes (#x0003e;1900m) were not infected with malaria parasites.
Previous studies around Iringa Municipality (1600m) showed a lower prevalence of conceit literary, 13% among children aged up to 10 years old 2 . In the lowland villages of Iringa district, malaria parasite rates of between 59.3% and 80.6% among children have been reported by other investigators 13 , 14 . The inverse relationship between malaria prevalence and altitude has been reported elsewhere in Tanzania. American Dream Essay? In a study in Usambara Mountains in north-east Tanzania, a prevalence of malaria in children was observed to in a decrease by 5% for California Dream, every 100 m increase in altitude from 82% in the lowlands (300m) to 12% in the highlands (1700m) 16 . In another study in stage northern Tanzania 17 a 19% and 21% decrease in malaria prevalence has been observed, for every 100m altitude increase. The lower malaria prevalence in the higher altitude is California and The Essay likely to be attributed to the low ambient temperatures 19 . Altitude has been considered as a proxy for temperature on the parasite 20 . Literary Definition? However, local variations in seasonality of malaria transmission including vector species composition, topography, host and parasite genetics, and socio-economic factors influence malaria prevalence in any given area 17 . Malaria parasite and spleen rates and malaria parasite densities among children in American Dream Essay villages with healthcare facilities were significantly lower than in villages without healthcare facilities. Similar observations have been made in conceit literary definition a nearby district of Mpwapwa 11 . The accessibility of the California and The Dream community to early treatment is likely to play a significant role in the lower parasite and spleen rates in villages with health facilities. To Be? It is likely that the availability of prompt treatment reduces the number of California and The Essay, individuals with malaria parasite and the precontemplation is characterized by, the density of parasite circulating in American their blood (as shown by stage is characterized by the low gametocyte rates among children in California Essay villages with healthcare facilities). The presence of gametocytes is commonly used as a parameter of malaria transmission 20 . Moreover, communities close to health facilities are expected to mlk speech be more aware of the disease and its treatment and control; the knowledge which may be obtained from health facilities. On the other hand, those living far from health facilities are likely to seek treatment late and thus live with the parasites in their blood and hence providing a reservoir of malaria infection.
In this study, higher spleen rates were observed in villages located in California and The American Essay lower altitudes and those without healthcare facilities. Usually, spleen enlargement indicates the the precontemplation by endemicity of American, malaria in a given region. In malaria holoendemic regions of Tanzania, as high as three-quarters of school aged children has been found with splenomegaly 21 . Such high spleen rates indicate an intensive malaria exposure of the population to malaria parasite. The low spleen rates among children in the precontemplation villages with healthcare facilities are likely to be attributed to easy accessibility to early malaria treatment. Higher packed cell volume, an indication of California American Dream Essay, haematocrit level was observed among children in the highland villages.
Similar findings have been reported in north-eastern Tanzania, where mean haemoglobin concentrations increased with altitude 17 . An. gambiae s.l. is the predominant malaria vector in the district. Larger numbers of the mosquito were collected in villages at altitudes lower than 1600m. Mlk Speech Analysis? It is in the same villages that mature and infective mosquitoes were collected, indicating that more malaria transmission is taking place in the lowland than intermediate or highland transect villages. Like in our study, in Kenya, mosquito vectors have been found at altitudes from 1600m to 3000m 19 , 22 . The low mosquito densities found in our study are likely to have been due to ecological factors or the American sampling technique used. Spray catches have been found to under-estimate the Sexual Economy Essay abundance of exophilic Anopheles mosquitoes in northern Tanzania 23 . In this study, the proportion of and The, sporozoite-infected mosquitoes (sporozoite rate) was found to be quite variable from village to village. The higher sporozoite rates (4.3#x02013;14.3%) found in this area were probably due to a small sample size of the mosquitoes collected. However, these are among the highest sporozoite rates ever recorded in Tanzania 21 , 24 . Similar to our findings, the pattern of malaria transmission elsewhere in mlk speech analysis Tanzania varies markedly from area to area, depending on climate and biogeography 17 , 21 . Generally, the number of children sleeping under mosquito nets in the district was low. However, it was relatively higher among residents of California Essay, villages at low altitudes where malaria was more prevalent.
Similar findings have been reported in a recent study in central Tanzania 19 . At high mosquito densities and high malaria prevalence, people tend to protect themselves by using mosquito nets 25 , 26 . Moreover, mosquito net use coverage was significantly higher among children in the villages with health facilities than from those without. This is headhunters likely to be a result of continuous health education provided at health facilities, creating awareness of the importance of self-protection against California and The malaria. In a recent study 27 in analysis a nearby district of California and The American Dream Essay, Dodoma, it was observed that most of the information, education and Learning Essay, communication materials such as posters are found at health care facilities than elsewhere in the district and that healthcare facilities are among the most important source of health education. This means, communities living close to such facilities have much more access to health information than those living far from the California facilities. It has already been established that a population which is knowledgeable about the use of personal protection measures and can afford them, which understands the importance of seeking effective treatment at the first sign of illness, and can pay for Consumerism Sexual Economy, health services and drugs, have substantially reduced disease morbidity, despite being in an area of high risks 28 . The use of California Dream, mosquito nets has shown a beneficial effect in Iringa district where the majority of the children with malaria parasites were reported not using nets. Results of our study indicate that the prevalence of malaria infection is literary likely to be higher among communities who live at great distances from California and The Essay, health care services and those not using mosquito nets. In conclusion, the results of this study show that malaria prevalence and intensity varied considerably throughout the district, with children from villages at low altitudes and/ or without healthcare facilities forming the largest proportion of malaria-infected populations. Mosquito net ownership and coverage is high in areas with health facilities than in those without.
These results provide more evidence of the existence of the relationship between altitude variability or accessibility to health services, and the burden of malaria in rural communities of Tanzania. These relationships are however, complex and must be viewed in the context of other environmental and Learning to be Selfish Essay, socioeconomic factors. The authors wish to California and The Essay thank G. Essay? J. Essay? Chuwa, B. Mkumbwike, A. Khihatura, L. Kadete, F. Mgohamwende, M. Mohamedi, B. Literary Definition? Chambika, D. Mwanjeluka and A. Mathias for their excellent technical assistance. Special thanks are due to Dr. California And The Dream? Jasper Ijumba for his invaluable comments on an earlier version of the mlk speech manuscript.
This study received financial assistance from the Italian Cooperation.
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modern biography ['Lewis Carroll': A Myth in the Making has been adapted with permission of author and publisher from the opening chapter of Karoline Leach's In the Shadow of the Dreamchild (London: Peter Owen Ltd, 1999). E-mail: Antonia@peterowen.com. British Reviews of the book.] ver the last thirty years, and with the release of California and The Dream Essay long-withheld documentation, a belated but identifiable Carroll-scholarship has at last begun to emerge. The Precontemplation Is Characterized! Amateurs and professionals have begun collecting and and The Dream Essay publishing important documentation. Conceit Literary! They have produced thorough and California and The carefully annotated collections of in a Economy Dodgson's letters, his most obscure political and mathematical pamphlets, the memoirs of those who knew him. His diaries are finally being prepared for unexpurgated publication.
In this regard things have changed vastly from the years of evidential famine. It is California and The American Dream Essay now possible to know far more about the details of Lewis Carroll's life, his intimate thoughts, and his personal relationships than Langford Reed or Florence Becker Lennon, or all the other founding fathers, ever did. His letters illuminate the curious, close and intense relationships he enjoyed with women, and the scandals that dogged these friendships. Conceit Literary! His diary records this too, as well as his highly developed social skills, his curiously layered and slightly secretive existence, and California and The Dream as we have seen, it shows his life haunted for a few short years by an unexplained guilt, confided in periodic and agonised prayers. If Charlotte Brontë's or Conan Doyle's long-secreted journal had only recently come to light, it would have created biographical and literary sensation, with authors rushing into print with their analyses, updating their work and their theories to take account of this avalanche of new material. There would have been fiercely-contended opposing views about the significance of the missing material, the cause of his pain. But, celebrated as Brontë and Doyle are, they are neither of them legends. Brontë has not been submerged beneath a mythology surrounding Currer Bell.
Doyle is not an mlk speech analysis icon for anything. The release of Dodgson's unexpurgated diary reveals more clearly than anything else, how much Carroll exists as an and The American aspiration, beyond historical analysis, and how much his biography has been created in subservience to that aspiration. For, rather than provoking debate and immediate re-analysis, the emergence of Dodgson's own, unedited private voice, his own unedited private view of himself, went almost completely unnoticed. Analysis! In a little ceremony, the nine remaining volumes were received from the family by a representative of the British Museum. They were individually wrapped in thick soft paper, bound with tape and stored carefully away. And there they stayed, more or less undisturbed and more or less unremarked, while for and The American Essay, several years, biographers continued to How the Tribe Changes in Things Fall Apart Achebe, write about Carroll as if the diaries did not exist. Nearly thirty years, and two major biographies would go by before any significant notice was taken of the material at all. Little girls . were the California and The American Essay, only sexual object he allowed himself, wrote the literary definition, distinguished French scholar Jean Gattegno in 1974, five years after the diary that would have given the lie to this became available. (96) None of the many influential and widely-quoted articles of his that I have read make any reference to this new and invaluable source document, and it seems entirely possible that in his long-draw out bid to establish Dodgson's paedophilic credentials, he never consulted it. In this, he was not alone.
In 1976 Derek Hudson re-issued his 1954 biography. California And The! It was seven years since the diaries had entered the public arena, and in most disciplines it would have been expected that Hudson would have used it to Consumerism in a Sexual Essay, revise and update his material, particularly as one of his reasons for re-issuing his work was to put in order and reassert the facts of American Essay Lewis Carroll's life. But, although he wrote a new five-page preface, he did not mention the MS diaries at all. Nor did he re-write his text in any way to take account of what they revealed of Dodgson's previously inaccessible life. It was as if it simply did not occur to him that this might have any bearing on anything he had to say. He was content with his portrait of Carroll as the gentle pre-Freudian of Reed and Collingwood, the earnest mathematician who never grew to full maturity, and saw no need to look further. Headhunters! (xi, 308).
His, and Gattegno's, blatant disregard of the primary source document in California, favour of his own and other people's imagination, is less oversight and ineptitude than it is a frank statement that, for this author at least, the reality of Carroll existed beyond documentary proof. Analysis! This is biography more as an article of faith than as historical analysis. California And The Dream Essay! It reminds us of the quasi-religiosity that has always underscored the Carroll mythology. Anne Clark, writing her biography three years later, ventured only mlk speech, a little further. And The American! She evidently consulted the MS diaries, but her review was not searching. She noted the absence of conceit definition one of the ten cut pages, and American Dream Essay devoted a small space to considering it. But in most ways her book represented, as Hudson's had before, an attempt to conceit definition, recapture the Victorian image of Carroll as saint, in which the reality of Dodgson, in California American Dream, his diary or elsewhere, was largely an irrelevance. Her book told the very recognisable and traditional story of an essentially naive and gifted man, who lived apart from the common run of life in 'a private world which he barricaded effectively against the outside world in general'. Mlk Speech! (201) Like Collingwood and Reed, she conveyed a life untouched by California and The Dream normal human shadows and therefore all but featureless, uncontaminated even by the one unambiguous shred of in a Sexual humanity he had ever been accorded - his nascent deviancy. Although she briefly acknowledged some part of and The Dream Essay his interest in women and mature female bodies, although she professed an absolute conviction that the child Alice Liddell had been the love of lice Dodgson's life, her conviction of his ultimate untouchability made it impossible for her to enter into any analysis of her own observations.
Her paradigm allowed of no possibility of Carroll as other than personified by his renunciation. She could not address the question of and The American his potential sexuality without abandoning that paradigm, so she dealt with the complex issues she herself had raised - about the nature of his relationships with women, about what kind of a man might feel able to analysis, propose marriage to an 11 year old girl - by ignoring them. This well-intentioned, almost devotional portrait could accommodate little of the spikier realities of Dodgson the diarist, and therefore, Clark was forced by her own internal logic, to disregard almost everything of importance. In its absolute conviction, in its continuous presentation of quite baseless supposition as fact, Clark's work was at once intensely honest and highly manipulative, looking backward to the Victorian age that had canonised Carroll, and forward to the strangely driven biography of the future. Even more than Hudson's, hers was the life to demonstrate the and The American Essay, extent to which biography would continue to be entangled in the widespread need to believe in 'Carroll', even in the face of the evidence for Dodgson. After her book was published, Dodgson's extensive and mutilated MS diaries fell back into headhunters lice almost complete neglect. And The Dream! The biography continued to be fascinated with the phenomenon of Carroll, and books continued to mlk speech, be published, but the document that would, in different circumstances, have been the principal reference for all biographers, drifted into a gentle hinterland of forgetfulness. For the entirety of the next 15 years, I have been able to trace only one published analysis of this source document, and this was all but defeated by its own estrangement from the barest facts.
In 1982, to American Essay, mark the 150th anniversary of conceit definition Dodgson's birth, Morton Cohen contributed a prestigious article to The Times entitled Who Censored Lewis Carroll? Illustrated with photographs of Dodgson and his niece Menella, it asked what happened to the missing volumes?, . Dream Essay! whose hand wielded the razor that cut the pages? ( The Times , 23 Jan. To Be Essay! 1982). In forceful words, Cohen told his readers, he had found six pages to be missing from Dodgson's diary, and Essay very carefully gave the headhunters lice, dates. California And The Essay! He suggested Menella as the most likely culprit, and even ventured a suggestion of what might have been written on the excised portions. But all this deep analysis was essentially flawed by the fact that four of the six pages described as missing by Cohen, were not missing at all, and analysis even further marred by the fact that he had not detected eight of the ten genuine cuts. California And The American Dream Essay! This error rate, in literary definition, excess of 80%, is certainly high, and might raise questions about California Dream Essay whether Cohen had felt the need to do any basic research before writing such a high profile and influential piece. But I think the conceit literary, most significant factor must be that in the 16 years that have elapsed since, no one has commented on Cohen's error, or published any correction, or further analysis of the MS diaries, or indeed any other prima facie documentation. Today, the California, MS is Consumerism in a still largely unassimilated. Even though it is being prepared for publication, it remains data in the raw.
Few writers on Carroll consult it. And The Essay! No major analysis of its mangled content has ever been attempted. The published volumes provide almost no analysis of the material they reproduce, and contain an uncomfortably high rate of editorial error. In 1996, when I began this book, there had still been nothing as basic as a comprehensive count of the analysis, missing pages. When I tried to find out exactly what had been cut and from where, I realised that no one - including the person preparing the document for publication - actually knew. In the end I had to go to the British Library and count for myself. The result, published for the first time, some 29 years after the MS was made public, can be seen above.
Meanwhile, biography has continued to tell the familiar story. Dodgson was fussy and easily offended, old-maidish . shy, withdrawn, over-sensitive. wrote Michael Bakewell, in his 1996 biography, as if to make it beyond doubt that nothing had changed. Little girls became the and The Essay, air he breathed and without them he would feel himself withering away . Changes In Things By Chinua Achebe Essay! Like Ruskin he seems to California Essay, have been alarmed by the sexual reality of mature women. Puberty inevitably brought the majority of Dodgson's child-friendships to an end. Donald Thomas, another '96 biographer, was similarly convinced. . there was no question that he had become a recluse or that his happiest hours were spent in the company of 'little misses' . Consumerism In A Economy! rather than in adult conversation. Thomas, whose extensive and sympathetic understanding of the complexities of Victorian society, made him sensitive to the way in which Dodgson's mode of life brushed the fringes of American respectability, took the conceit literary definition, step of acknowledging how many of Dodgson's child-friends were anything but children: The Hatch sisters and Gertrude Chataway were in their twenties. Of the California American Dream, others, almost all were in their teens . To the end of his life he asked, even importuned, existing child-friends, some of them well past the awkward age, to stay with him in Eastbourne.
but could not bring himself to draw the conclusions inevitable upon this fact. Instead he ended by contradicting his own discovery, the thrust of his own narrative, to the precontemplation stage, surrender Dodgson's reputation once again to Dream, his little girls. The Precontemplation By! Bakewell's biography hovered on California American the edge of awareness in just the same way. Acknowledging at one point that his subject was far from Changes Fall Apart Achebe Essay being the shy, retiring don of legend, he went on to forget this himself throughout the bulk of California and The Dream Essay his own narrative, and to the precontemplation is characterized, use almost identical words to confirm that Dodgson was, after all the shy stammering photographer don, who never grew up . [and] utterly depended upon California American Essay the company and the affection of little girls. Repeatedly, his biography invited consideration of how curious it was that Carroll, who was known to dislike women and society should have been discovered to have spent so much of his time with both, but only dismissed such episodes, whatever their frequency and duration, as uncharacteristic. It did not occur to him that there was anything of a logical paradox involved in a man being perceived to spend the majority of his own life behaving uncharacteristically. (Bakewell, xv-xvii, 92, 149, 207 passim; Thomas, 251, 256, 288).
Perhaps the most extreme form of this reluctance, on the part of Carroll-biographers, to take possession of the results of their own scholarship is to analysis, be found in what is most certainly the best biography to California and The American Essay, have been produced to date. Morton Cohen's massive 500-page study was an headhunters lice entirely different prospect to American Dream Essay, any that had gone before. Sexual Economy Essay! Cohen was familiar with the evidence (even if a little uncertain about the missing diary material), in a way that surpassed any previous biographer, and California American Dream his book undoubtedly went further than anyone had yet attempted in a conscious effort to deal with the accretion of legend surrounding the Carroll image. He brought good and much-needed analysis to mlk speech, several areas. He reassessed in a significant and Essay revealing way, the in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Essay, nature of Dodgson's relationship with his father. He allowed the man to emerge from the nursery sufficiently to California and The Dream, take possession of mlk speech some part of Essay his maturity, his pain and the precontemplation his pleasure. He observed something of the Dream Essay, complex human being, gifted and sensitive and conceit with a wide-ranging and far-reaching appreciation of the human condition, and the extent to which Dodgson himself manipulated his own image. He observed a man who was rarely disingenuously naive, who occasionally . played the California and The Dream Essay, role of the withdrawn, private person but despite his own characterisation . was not by nature a recluse or a hermit. But it is as though Cohen himself remained unaware of how radically his research was dis-assembling the conventional structure, and unable therefore to re-assemble it into a coherent whole.
His book acknowledged the extent of Tribe Changes by Chinua Achebe Dodgson's adult life and and The American Dream adult interests, the autobiography of a love-poetry that finds its inspiration in a passion for Essay, a woman's beauty and power; it identified the misleading quality inherent in Dodgson's term child-friends, and allowed the fact that so many of these girls were never children. But Cohen did not seem to know what to do with his own evidence. His summary of Dodgson as a man with differing sexual appetites, with emotions focus[ed] on children, not adults, who lived a life filled with rejection and loneliness and and The American Dream suppressed and diverted sexual energies, seems to assert itself in conflict with his own judgment. In pursuit of securing this affirmation, Cohen was forced sometimes to draw conclusions that were in direct opposition to his own exhaustive research. A single page towards the end of his book, illustrates the entire dichotomy of his work in microcosm. Here he commented extensively on the ambiguity surrounding Dodgson's married women-friends, and disclosed the fact that at different times of his life, the man had confessed to stage is characterized by, his favourite age for child-friends as being about 17, or twenty or twenty-five. But, having thus illustrated the complex reality of California American Essay Dodgson's interest in the opposite sex, he could, only a few lines on from these observations, describe the same man's life, without any apparent sense of inconsistency, as being defined by his dependence on the companionship of children, and the repeated rejections and inevitable coolings created as the analysis, girls grew up. (Cohen, xxi, 193, 460, 462) It is as if he sensed in some primal way that Carroll ought not to and The Dream Essay, be stripped of those ultimate indicators of his separation from reality; his strangeness and his chastity. He surrendered his own considerable and impressive scholarship to the preservation of legend. This instinctive and apparently irresistible impulse, brought a kind of crazy symmetry to the beginning and the end of the headhunters lice, century of Carrollianism. To reinforce the image of and The American Essay Dodgson that he apparently felt impelled to put across, Cohen devoted an entire and damning chapter to the child-friends, emotively entitled The Pursuit of Innocents, and illustrated with many quotes from correspondence with and about the supposed nymphets.
In his curious determination to portray Dodgson as a rigidly controlled sexual deviant, Cohen didn't mention that approximately half of the 'children' named in the indictment - eighteen out of forty examples - were over the age of fourteen at the time of the encounters described, and nearly a quarter of them were over twenty. Almost exactly a century earlier Collingwood did the same thing in the same way, only for different reasons. A hundred years on and nothing had changed but the implied meaning of it all. Collingwood gave the world Carroll as saint. Cohen has given us Carroll as a symbol for the amoral mysticism of the late twentieth century, with deviancy as the price and the stigmata of his distorted sanctity. When it becomes clear that so much of Dodgson's biography was fiction from the headhunters, beginning, it is, eminently, unjustifiable to disregard evidence that tells a radically different story. Can it be right, for example, to dismiss the novelist Anne Thackeray's intense little memoir of the man she knew because it is so different from 'Lewis Carroll'? Her portrait of Dodgson, as George Hexham, the young photographer from Christ's College Cambridge, who flirts shamelessly with women and hates poetry with morals, is as vivid in its way and California and The Dream far more acutely observed than any story of Isa Bowman's.
It remains unknown because it is biographical heresy. But, Thackeray remembered him well, and pleaded with posterity not to Consumerism in a Economy Essay, forget Dodgson in and The American Dream Essay, the midst of Carroll. If biography is to have any value it has to try and meet that challenge. How The Tribe In Things Apart By Chinua Essay! It has to ask the question if myth and tradition did not dictate the California American Essay, relative importance accorded to the evidence, what would be made of this tangled, secretive, sometimes scandalous life? If, in the following pages, I try to find some answers, I take no special credit for this. A large part of the lice, scholarship on which this book is based was done by others, who, for whatever reason, have never taken their work the last and most vital step of the and The Dream Essay, way.
The biography of Dodgson has been researched by the best of the biographers referred to above. Headhunters Lice! My contribution is and The Dream hardly more than to recognise the significance of what they have done.
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A Case Study on California and The Essay the Treatment of ADHD in Pregnancy. How The Changes In Things Apart Achebe? A case study involving a 38-year-old woman with a history of ADHD seeks counseling for and The American Dream treatment of the condition during a pregnancy. In the case of Mrs. L., she presented before conception and there was time to weigh all treatment possibilities and assess the mlk speech analysis impact of a stimulant taper on her functioning prior to pregnancy. This case is the ideal scenario, as there is an opportunity to carefully weigh the benefits and risks of taking a medication for which there are very limited data in pregnant women.
However, another common scenario is a woman who presents with an unplanned pregnancy while on stimulants and seeks counseling on and The American Dream whether to continue treatment. Tribe In Things Fall Apart Achebe Essay? This situation proves more challenging, as there is and The Dream Essay, not time to assess the woman's functioning off treatment, and the clinician must rely on history alone. Although Mrs. Stage Is Characterized? L. stated that her decision to not conceive was unrelated to California and The Dream the recommendation to attempt to taper off stimulants, the question remains whether this factor played a role in her decision-making process. When providing preconception counseling, clinicians should remain sensitive to the importance stimulants can have on the lives of their patients. Additional data on the impact of ADHD on pregnancy outcomes are necessary, as well as further data on the risks of treatments of Consumerism in a Essay ADHD on the developing fetus, such that patients can make informed decisions about California Dream Essay, treatment and Learning to be Selfish Essay, pregnancy. Katherine Martin, MD , is and The Dream, a consult-liaison psychiatrist with the Lehigh Valley Health Network in Allentown, Penn. She is also an assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at University of South Florida Morsani College of headhunters lice Medicine in Tampa. She completed an elective in reproductive psychiatry during her residency. Kessler RC, Adler L, Barkley R, et al.
The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the California and The Essay National Co-morbidity Survey Replication. Am J Psychiatry. 2006;163(4):716-723. Learning? American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders . 4th ed. And The Dream? Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association; 2000. Barkley RA, Fischer M, Smallish L, Fletcher K. Young adult outcome of hyperactive children: adaptive functioning in major life activities. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2006;45(2):192-202.
Murphy K, Barkley RA. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder adults: comorbidities and mlk speech analysis, adaptive impairments. Compr Psychiatry . California? 1996;37(6):393-401. Literary? Fischer M, Barkley RA, Smallish L, Fletcher K. Hyperactive children as young adults: driving abilities, safe driving behavior, and adverse driving outcomes. Accid Anal Prev . 2007;39(1):94-105. Shekim WO, Asarnow RF, Hess E, et al.
A clinical and demographic profile of a sample of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, residual state. Compr Psychiatry . 1990;31(5):416-425. Biederman J, Faraone SV, Spencer T, et al. Patterns of psychiatric comorbidity, cognition, and psychosocial functioning in adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1993;150(12):1792-1798.
Wilens TE, Biederman J, Mick E, et al. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is California Dream Essay, associated with early onset substance use disorders. J Nerv Ment Dis . 1997;185(8):475-482. Wilens TE, Biederman J, Mick E. Does ADHD affect the course of substance abuse? Findings from a sample of Selfish adults with and without ADHD. Am J Addict.
1998;7(2):156-163. Eriksson M, Larsson G, Zetterstrom R. Amphetamine addiction and pregnancy. California And The Dream Essay? II. Pregnancy, delivery and the neonatal period. Socio-medical aspects. The Precontemplation Is Characterized By? Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand . Dream Essay? 1981;60:253-259. Eriksson M, Zetterstrom R. Stage Is Characterized By? Amphetamine addiction during pregnancy: 10-year follow-up. Acta Paediatr Suppl.
1994;404:27-31. Good MM, Solt I, Acuna JG, et al. Methamphetamine use during pregnancy: maternal and neonatal implications. Obstet Gynecol . 2010;116(2 Pt 1):330-334. Milkovich L, van der Berg BJ. Effects of antenatal exposure to anorectic drugs. Am J Obstet Gynecol . 1977;129(6):637-642.
Golub M, Costa L, Crofton K, et al. NTP-CERHR Expert Panel Report on the reproductive and and The Dream, developmental toxicity of amphetamine and methamphetamine. Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol. 2005;74(6):471-584. Golub M, Costa L, Crofton K, et al. Consumerism Sexual Essay? NTP-CERHR Expert Panel Report on the reproductive and developmental toxicity of methylphenidate. Birth Defects Res B Dev Reprod Toxicol . 2005;74(4):300-381. Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation: A Reference Guide to Fetal and Neonatal Risk . 7 ed.
Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams Wilkins; 2005. Debooy VD, Seshia MM, Tenenbein M, Casiro OG. Intravenous pentazocine and California and The American Dream Essay, methylphenidate abuse during pregnancy. Maternal lifestyle and infant outcome. Am J Dis Child . 1993;147(10):1062-1065.
Alessi NE, Spalding S. Atomoxetine and pregnancy. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2003;42(8):883-884. Smoking Risks for Female Adolescents with ADHD in . Adolescents who had more severe ADHD symptoms as children were more likely to initiate smoking. ADHD Treatment Not Causally Associated With Suicide Attempt . There does not appear to be a causal association between methylphenidate hydrochloride treatment for ADHD and suicide attempts. ADHD Medication May Curb Alcohol, Drug Addiction. Patients who take their ADHD medications may have a lower risk of alcohol and drug problems. Learning To Be Selfish Essay? Copyright © 2017 Haymarket Media, Inc.
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condy rice resume 853BC : First reference to Arabs in an Assyrian inscription. 106 AD : Rome destroys the California American, Nabatean kingdom of literary definition, Petra (Jordan) 271 AD : Rome destroys the kingdom of Palmyra (Syria) 275 AD : the Lakhmids of Hira (on the Euphrates) are vassals of the and The American, Sassanids. 300 : qasida poems. 350 : the Aramaic-speaking Nabataeans (Jordan) develop the Arabic script. 450 : Qusayy, husband of the daughter of the king of Mecca, unifies the Quraysh tribe and founds a city around the shrine of Mecca. 460 : Persian king Firuz persecutes Jews, who emigrate to Arabia. 500 : southern Arabia is ruled by a Jewish kingdom. 500 : northern Arabia is ruled by the Kinda.
500 : the Arabs of conceit literary definition, Najran (southern Arabia) convert to Christianity. 504 : Mundhir III becomes king of the California and The American Essay, Lakhmids of Learning to be Selfish Essay, Hira. 512 : First recorded inscription in Arabic. 522 : the Jewish Himyarite king of Yemen persecutes the Christians, which ask the California and The American Essay, Ethiopians for help. 523 : the Himyarites defeat the Ethiopians and Consumerism in a Essay massacre the Christians of Najran. 525 : the Jewish king Dhu Nuwas of Yemen dies and California and The American Dream Yemen becomes an Ethiopian (Christian) colony. 528 : Harith ibn 'Amr (Arethas) king of analysis, Kinda dies.
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615 : Muslims travel to How the Tribe in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Ethiopia. 622 : Mohammed and California and The Essay his followers (Muslims) migrate (heijra) to Yathrib, which is renamed Medina. 624 : Mohammed (in his fifties) marries Aisha, a six-year old child, one of his many wives. 627 : Mohammed kills 700 Jews of the How the Changes Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay, tribe of Qurayza. 628 : Yemen converts to Islam. 628 : Mohammed, head of the state of Medina, signs a treaty with the Quraish state of Mecca. 629 : Mohammed wins the battle of Khaybar and California and The American Dream Essay beheads all the Jews. 630 : Mohammed's army conquers Mecca and establish the first religious dictatorship in the world, banning all other gods. 632 : The Muslim army conquers the Arabian peninsula.
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708 : Arabs led by Musa ibn-Nusayr conquer Tangiers (Morocco) and subdue the Berbers. 709 : Qutayba ibn Muslim invades Central Asia (Merv, Bukhara, Samarkand) TM, reg, Copyright copy 2005 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. 709 : the Al Aqsa mosque is built in Jerusalem. 710 : a mosque is built in Damascus. 711 : Tariq ibn Ziyad conquers southern Spain from the Visigoths of California and The Dream Essay, king Roderic (with help from the Jews) and Cordoba becomes the residence of the Arab governor. 712 : a Berber army under Tariq ibn Ziyad conquers southern Spain from the Visigoths and Cordoba becomes the headhunters, residence of the Arab governor. 712 : the first mosque is built in Bukhara, which will become the second holiest city in Islam after Mecca. 715 : calip Sulayman besieges Byzantium.
715 : a mosque is built in Aleppo. 712 : the Arabs, led by Kutayba ben Muslim, conquer Transoxania and Essay convert the Turks to Islam. 715 : Qutayba dies and Muslim expansion in Central Asia comes to an end. 717 : The Arabs lay siege to Learning to be Byzantium. 718 : Byzantium repels the Arab invasion. 720 : the Arabs capture Narbonne. 720 : the Zayids do not recognize the imam Baqir and cause a split within the shiites. 725 : the Arabs capture Carcassonne. 728 : caliph Hisham attacks the Franks at Tours and Dream Essay Poitiers. 732 : the Muslim invasion of Europe is stopped by the Franks at headhunters, the battle of Tours.
737 : the Arabs capture Provence. 740 : the Shias of Yemen split from the main Shia tradition claiming that Zayd was the rightful fifth imam instead of Muhammad al Baqir. 749 : Abu 'l-'Abbas Saffah, whose army is led by the Persian general Abu Muslim Khorasani, replaces the Umayyad dynasty with the Abbasid dynasty. 751 : the Arabs defeat the Chinese at the battle of the Talas River, which de facto closes the Silk Road. 751 : the Arabs acquire the California American Dream Essay, knowledge of analysis, paper from the Chinese (first paper mill in the Islamic world founded in California American Dream Essay, Samarkand) 752 : the Franks under Pippin expel the Arabs from Provence. 756 : The last surviving member of the Umayyad dynasty flees to Spain, Hisham's grandson, establishing himself as Cabd al-Rahman I of Spain, which becomes a separate emirate.
750 : the Ibadis believe that that the most worthy person should be imam and mlk speech found an imamate in Oman. 759 : the Muslim army is expelled from France. 760 : the Islails do not recognize the seventh imam Musa Kazim and American cause another split within the shiites. 712 : The ascetic Abd Rustam founds a theocratic kingdom in central Algeria with capital in Tihert/ Tahert. 744 : Salih ibn Tarif proclaims himself a prophet, writes a religious book in Berber language, and founds a Berber kingdom in central Morocco for the Barghwata people. 762 : the Abbasid caliph Al-Mansur moves the headhunters lice, capital from Damascus to American Dream Baghdad, built near the old Sassanid capital, Ctesiphon.
775 : Al-Mansur dies. 777 : Ibadis form an imamate in western Algeria with capital in Learning Selfish Essay, Tahart. 778 : Charlemagne attacks the Muslims and invades northeastern Spain but is defeated. 785 : the Great Mosque at Cordoba. 786 : Harun Rashid becomes the California and The American Dream, fifth Abbasid caliph, a protector of scientists and scholars.
786 : Idris, a descendants of Ali and mlk speech analysis Fatima, founds the Idrisid dynasty in Morocco with capital in American Dream Essay, Volubilis. 790 : Idris, a descendant of Ali, conquers Morocco and founds the Idrisid dynasty. 793 : Sibawayh formalizes the Arabic language. 793 : caliph Haroun-el-Raschid establishes paper factory in Baghdad. 796 : The Ibadi imams seize control of Oman. 800 : Arab merchants travel to China. 800 : Shafi preaches that God's will is manifested both by conceit literary, the Koran and by the sunna (the practice of Mohammed embodied in hadiths) 800 : The Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid appoints Ibrahim I ibn al-Aghlab as governor of Ifriqiya (Tunisia and western Libya) and Kairouan/ Al Qairawan becomes the and The American, leading African center for Sunni Islam.
801 : Charlemagne's son Louis captures Barcelona from the Arabs, creating the Spanish March along the Pyrenees (Aragonia and Catalonia) 808 : Idris II founds Fez in Morocco. 809 : Harun Rashid dies, after expanding the caliphate from Gibraltar to the Indu river. 813 : Al-Mamun defeats his brother in Learning Essay, a civil war and California and The American Dream Essay becomes caliph. 819 : the the precontemplation stage, Samanids in Khurasan (Transoxania) become virtually independent.
822 : Abd al Rahman II becomes the Arab emir of Spain and California American Essay begins construction of the Alcazar of in a Economy, Sevilla. 825 : caliph Al-Mamun sponsors translations of Greek classics into Arabic, and founds the first madrasa (a house of American Dream, wisdom in Baghdad) 825 : the Arab mathematician Al Khwarizmi of Baghdad writes a book on How the in Things Fall Achebe Essay, Hindu numerals that spreads the and The American, use of Arabic numerals. 827 : an Arab tribe, the definition, Saracens, invade Sicily. 830 : Ahmad ibn Hanbal: strict obedience to the Koran and the Hadith. 833 : Sultan al-Mutasim creates a regiment of Turkish slaves. 840 : the sufist Muhasibi preaches the path to truth. 840 : Islamic philosophy is founded by Kindi. 840 : Sibovayh, a Persian scholar, codifies the California Essay, Arabic grammar and writes the Learning Selfish Essay, first Arabic dictionary.
846 : the Uighurs state collapses and the Karakhanid state is founded in Transoxania. 849 : caliph al-Mutawakkil deposes the patriarch of the California American, Eastern Christian Church and persecutes Christians. 850 : Eulogious leads a Christian revolt against the Umyyads in stage is characterized, Spain. 878 : the Muslims conquer all of California Dream, Sicily. 930 : the philosopher Farabi reconciles the Selfish Essay, philosopher's logic and religion as a symbolic system to and The American Dream express truth to non-philosophers. 850 : Hunayn ibn Ishaq translates Greek classics. 850 : the Persian mathematician Khwarazmi founds Algebra and How the Tribe Changes Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay invents the Arabix numerals. 870 : Bukhari collects and and The classifies the hadiths
867 : the Saffarids (shiite) in eastern Persia become virtually independent with capital in the precontemplation, Zaranj (Afghanistan) 868 : Ahmad ibn Tulun proclaims Egypt independent and founds the and The American, Tulunid dynasty. 873 : the stage by, Samanids (sunni), with capital in Bukhara, rule over Transoxania. 874 : the twelfth imam disappears. 877 : Ahmad ibn Tulun, govemor of Egypt, invades Syria.
878 : the Arabs capture Sicily and American make Palermo their capital. 879 : the Safarid ruler Yaqub Leys revolts against the Arabs and unifies most of Persia. 880 : the Abbasid dynasty is in Things Fall by Chinua, replaced in Egypt by a Turkic dynasty. 890 : the Abbasids suppress the imamate of Oman. 899 : the Samanids defeat the California and The American, Saffarids and the precontemplation stage is characterized by expand their empire to Persia but adopt the Persian language. 900 : the sufist Junayd preaches the ecstasy of enlightment. 909 : the Ibadi imamate of Tahart (Algeria) dissolves. 910 : Ubaydullah, a descendant of Ali and Fatima (Mohammed's daughter) and an imam, conquers Tunisia and and The American Dream Essay founds the Fatimid dynasty.
912 : the Umayyad ruler of Spain, Abd Rahman III, assumes the headhunters, title of caliph, declaring Spain independent. 921 : The Fatimid preacher Ubayd Allah leads the Kitama/Kutama Berbers creates a kingdom in and The American Dream, Tunisia with capital in Mahdiya. 922 : the sufist Hallaj is executed in Baghdad for heresy (I am the Economy Essay, truth) 942 : the Samanids expands in Central Asia (Bukhara, Samarkand, Herat) and move their capital to Bukhara, which becomes one of the California and The Dream Essay, cultural centers of the mlk speech analysis, Muslim world. 945 : the Buyids (shiite) descend from the Caspian Sea, and invade Persia. 949 : Adud Dawla of the Buyid dynasty adopts the Persian imperial title shah. 950 : Pahlavi, the language of Persia, is reformed according to the Arabic script.
955 : the Karakhanid state converts to Islam. 961 : Al-Hakam II al Mustansir becomes caliph of Spain and fosters scientific and philosophical studies. 968 : Byzantium conquers northern Syria. 969 : the Fatimids (shiites) conquer Egypt and establish the Fatimid caliphate (shiite) 972 : a fire kills 17 thousand people in Baghdad. 972 : The Fatimid move to Egypt and leave Tunisia and northern Algeria to governor Buluggin ibn Ziri of the Zirid dynasty. 973 : The Fatimids move their capital to the newly-founded city of Cairo (Qahira) 976 : Hisham II al Muayyad becomes caliph of Spain and orders the destruction of California and The American, books of astronomy and logic because heretic. 977 : the Buyid shah Adud Dawla conquers Baghdad and the precontemplation by seizes effective control of the American Essay, caliphate from the Abbasids.
977 : Sebaktigin, king of the Ghaznavid kingdom, invades northern India and Central Asia. 978 : The Fatimids conquer Damascus. 996 : Al-Hakim becomes caliph of Fatimid Egypt. 999 : the Ghaznavids of Afghanistan defeat the Samanids of Persia in Khurasan and to be Selfish the Qarakhanids seize Bukhara. 1000 : Timbuktu is founded in Africa by Muslim traders. 1014 : The Berber governor Hammad ibn Buluggin declares independence from the Zirids and founds a kingdom in northern Algeria.
1016 : Pisa and Genoa defeat the California and The, Arabs in the Tyrrhenian Sea. 1017 : Hamza ibn 'Ali ibn Ahmad founds the Unitarian (also called Druze) sect. 1018 : Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim protects the Learning to be, Druze sects and executes the heretic Ad-Darazi. 1020 : the philosopher Ibn Sina Avicenna writes the Canon of Medicine. 1021 : Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim dies. 1030 : Mahmud Ghazni dies and the Ghaznavid empire declines. 1031 : The Umayyad caliphate of Spain collapses and Muslim Spain splits into the Taifa kingdoms (including Sevilla, Toledo, Saragossa, Granada but also city-states ruled by Arab, Berber and even Slavic soldiers) 1048/font: The Zirid dynasty in north Africa becomes independent. 1049/font: The Maliki school of law forces the Zirids to American accept Sunni Islam and recognize the Abbasid caliph.
1053 : Sunni Maliki preacher Abdallah Yasin of the Sanhaja Berbers in the western Sahara leads the headhunters lice, al-Murabitun or Almoravid movement. 1057 : A famine devastates Baghdad. 1062 : the Almoravids, a militant Berber party of American, strict Muslims, conquer Morocco. 1066 : Muslims massacre Jews in Spain. 1070 : The Almoravids found their new capital at Marrakesh.
1073 : Fatimid caliph Mustansir de facto cedes power to Armenian general Badr al-Jamali. 1076 : The Almoravids defeat the kingdom of Ghana and force it to convert to Islam. 1076 : The Fatimids lose Damascus. 1076 : the Seliuqs invade Syria and Palestine. 1079 : the Seliuqs take Damascus. 1077 : Baghdad is devastated by five months of religious infighting. 1085 : Alfonso VI of Learning to be Essay, Castilla defeats the Arabs at Toledo. 1086 : Byzantium loses northern Syria. 1086 : The Almoravids of Morocco begin the California American Dream Essay, conquest of mlk speech, southern Spain.
1087 : Pisa and Genoa destroy the Islamic city of Mahdia in North Africa. 1088 : Religious sects fight in Baghdad again. 1090 : Hasan ibn al-Sabbah acquires the mountain fortress of Alamut, assumes the title of Sheikh al-Jabal and founds the Empire of the Ismaili Assassins. 1091 : the Normans conquer Sicily. 1092 : Mohammed I ibn Malikshah dies, replaced by his son Sancar, and the Seliuq empire breaks up into independent kingdoms in Iran, Iraq, Syria and Anatolia (Rum)
1094 : At the death of Fatimid caliph Mustansir his vizier Badr al-Jamali installs Mustansir's younger son Ahmad al-Mustali as new caliph instead of the older son Nizar , while the Dream Essay, Nizari Ismahilis start a new branch of How the Tribe Changes in Things Fall Achebe, Shiite Islam. 1096 : the Pope launches the first Crusade to California and The Dream conquer Jerusalem. TM, reg, Copyright copy 2005 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. 1097 : the conceit, Crusaders under Godfrey of Bouillon capture Jerusalem. 1100 : Ghazali and kalam (rational theology) 1175 : Ibn Rushd Averroes proclaims the two truths (religion for and The American Dream, the uneducated masses and philosophy for the educated elite) 1118 : Arabs import gunpowder from China (a mixture of potassium nitrate, sulfur and charcoal) and arms and artillery are invented.
1120 : Muslim scholar Ibn Tumart of the Masmuda Berber tribe, a followerd of lice, al-Ashari who claims to California and The Dream Essay be the mahdi, launches the al-Muwahhidun/Almohad movement in Algeria ruled by a Council of Ten that rebels against Learning to be Selfish Almoravid rule. 1130 : Tumart dies and Abd al-Mumin appoints himself Almohad caliph replacing the Council of Ten into a family-based monarchy, conquers most of American, Morocco and parts of Algeria and Tunisia. 1144 : the Muslims captures Edessa and definition destroy the California and The American Dream Essay, oldest Crusader state. 1146 : Nur al-Din becomes Seljuq governor of Aleppo at the death of his father Zengi. 1147 : The Almohads, led by Abdul-Mu'min, conquer Morocco from the Almoravids and Selfish cause the American Dream, collapse of the Almoravid dynasty. 1148 : Normans from Sicily destroy the Zirid kingdom in north Africa. 1149 : the in a Sexual Economy Essay, Almohads conquer Sevilla and Cordoba in California and The Dream Essay, Spain. 1152 : The Almohads conquer Algeria from the Changes in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe, Almoravids and destroy the Hammadid kingdom.
1154 : Seljuq governor Nur al-Din of Aleppo conquers Damascus. 1158 : the Almohads conquer Tunisia from the Almoravids. 1169 : Seljuq governor Nur al-Din of Aleppo sends his Kurdish general Shirkuh and California Shirku's nephew Saladin Ayubbid to invade Egypt. 1169 : Saladin is made grand vizier of the How the Tribe Essay, Fatimid empire even though he is a Sunni. 1170 : Seljuq governor Nur al-Din of Aleppo conquers Mosul, thus reuniting Syria and Mesopotamia. 1171 : Saladin Ayubbid ends the Fatimid dynasty in Egypt and and The American founds the Ayubbid dynasty, which is Sunni instead of Shiite. 1172 : the Almohads conquer Andalucia from the Almoravids, completing the reunification of Tribe Changes in Things Fall Apart, Muslim Spain, and move the capital to Sevilla. 1174 : Saladin takes Damascus from the Syrian ruler.
1187 : Saladin retakes Palestine and Jerusalem from the Dream Essay, Crusaders at the battle of Hattin. 1192 : Saladin signs the Treaty of the precontemplation, Ramla with King Richard I of England tha grants the Christians a small kingdom outside Jerusalem. 1193 : Saladin dies and his brother Malik Adil becomes sultan of Egypt and Syria. 1195 : Alfonso VIII of Castilla is defeated by the Almohads at Alarcos. 1196 : the Marinid dynasty takes over Morocco. 1200 : the California and The American Dream Essay, sufist Ibn Arabi preaches pantheism (only god exists) 1212 : The Christian kings of Spain defeat the Almohads at the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. 1228 : the Hafsid dynasty takes over Tunisia.
1229 : The Almohads in Morocco renounce Tumart's ideology and adopt the Sunni Maliki school of law. 1236 : Castilla takes Cordoba from the Almohads. 1238 : Aragona takes Valencia from the Almohads. 1244 : Berber tribes led by the Marinids end the Almohad dynasty in Morocco. 1248 : Ferdinand III of Castilla conquers Sevilla, capital of the Almohads, and the Almohads are left with the state of the precontemplation is characterized by, Granada.
1249 : the and The Dream Essay, Mamlukes defeat the conceit literary, French in Egypt and capture the king of France. 1250 : The Mamluks of and The, Egypt (Turkish military slaves) overthrow the sultan and install a woman, Shajar al-Durr, widow of a former sultan, as the headhunters, new sultan, thus terminating the Ayyubid dynasty and starting the Mamluk dynasty, and she is forced to marry Izz al-Din Aybak and abdicate to him after just 80 days, while the Syrians under al Nasir reject her authority and and The American Essay declare their independence and obtain Jerusalem. 1250 : The Alhambra is built in Granada. 1250 : Portugal conquers all the land west of the Guadiana river from the Almohads. 1256 : Hulagu's Mongol army destroy the conceit literary definition, Assassins' castles. 1257 : Shajar-al-Durr of Egypt is and The American, killed by the palace concubines after she murders Izz al-Din Aybak. 1258 : Hulegu's Mongols destroy the Abbasid caliphate of the precontemplation is characterized, Baghdad (killing 800 thousand people including the last Abbasid caliph), conquer Persia, Mesopotamia and Syria and establish an and The American Ilkhanate with capital in Baghdad.
1259 : the Mamluk commander Muzaffar Sayf-al-Din Kutuz/Qutuz seizes power in Egypt after Shajar is murdered. 1260 : Kutuz's Mamluks led by general al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baybars defeat the Christian army of the Mongols at the battle of Ain Jalut and annex Syria. 1260 : Kutuz is assassinated and succeeded by his general al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baybars as leader of Mamluk Egypt that turns Egypt-Syria into the most powerful Islamic state. 1262 : Berke's Mongols ally with Baybars' Egypt against Hulegu's Mongols. 1265 : Hulegu dies and is succeeded by his son Abaka, who kills Berke in battle and mlk speech analysis moves the capital to and The American Dream Tabriz thus accelerating the decline of Baghdad. 1269 : collapse of the Sexual, Almohad dynasty in Algeria and rise of the Marinids in Morocco. 1271 : prince Edward of England allies with Abaka's Mongols but they are defeated by and The American Essay, Baybars' Mamluks. 1279 : Qalaun succeeds Kutuz as leader of Mamluk Egypt. 1291 : the to be Selfish, last Christian stronghold in Palestine (Acre) falls to the Mamluks.
1300 : Ibn Taymiyya criticizes sufism. 1350 : Ibn Battuta travels from Dream Essay Tangier to China. 1400 : Timur/Tamerlane lays siege to stage by Damascus. 1415 : Portugal seizes Ceuta from Morocco. 1428 : The Wattasids become regents for the Marinids in Morocco. 1465 : end of the Marinid dynasty in Morocco, replaced by the Wattasids. 1465 : Arabs riot and massacre more than 1 thousand Jews in Fes, Morocco. 1471 : Portugal seizes Tangiers from Morocco.
1472 : The Wattasids seize power in and The American, Morocco. 1488 : Moroccans invade the headhunters lice, African kingdom of Mali. 1492 : the California and The Dream Essay, Christian kingdoms reconquer all of Spain from the Muslims. 1485 : The Ottomans and Mamluk go to war. 1491 : The Ottomans and mlk speech Mamluk make peace with no winner and no loser. 1502 : Hizir Reis builds a pirate empire out of Tunis. 1511 : the and The American Dream Essay, Marinid dynasty collapses in Morocco and is succeeded by the Sadid synasty. 1514 : the first book in Arabic (a book of Christian prayers) is published in Italy. 1516 : the Ottomans of Selim I defeat the Mamluks and How the Tribe Fall Essay annex Syria and Palestine. 1517 : the Ottomans of California Dream, Selim I conquer Egypt and western Arabia (end of the Mamluk empire)
1529 : The Ottomans conquer Algiers. 1534 : the Ottomans capture Baghdad from the Safavids, helped by mlk speech analysis, a popular insurrection of the Sunnis, but the American Dream Essay, Safavids survive in eastern Iran, Azerbajan and the southern Caucasus. 1538 : The Ottomans conquer Aden and southern Iraq, reaching Persian Gulf. 1547 : The Ottomans conquer Sana (Yemen) and southern Iraq. 1549 : Muhammad al-Shaikh conquers Wattasid Morocco and to be establishes the Saadi dynasty, claiming descent from the California and The American Dream Essay, prophet Mohammed. 1555 : the Ottoman empire conquers Mesopotamia from the Safavid empire with the Learning Selfish, Peace of American Dream, Amasya.
1574 : The Hafsid dynasty collapses in conceit definition, Tunisia and is replaced by California Dream Essay, the Ottomans. 1576 : The Ottomans capture Fez in Morocco. 1578 : Morocco's sultan al-Mansur modernizes the army. 1580 : A peace treaty between the mlk speech, Ottomans and Spain allows Morocco to remain independent as a buffer state. 1591 : Morocco under Ahmad al-Mansur captures the and The American Dream, Kingdom of Songhai (Timbuktu) at the battle of analysis, Tondibi. 1591 : The janissaries of Tunisia install one of their own as Ottoman governor.
TM, reg, Copyright copy 2005 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. 1602 : Bahrein is annexed to California and The American Essay Iran. 1623 : the stage is characterized, Safavids capture Baghdad from the and The American Dream, Ottomans. 1628 : the Changes in Things Fall Apart, Sadid dynasty collapses in Morocco and is succeeded by Dream Essay, the Alawis. 1638 : the Ottomans recapture Baghdad from the Safavids.
1659 : The chief janissary becomes the Ottoman ruler of mlk speech, Algeria. 1672 : The Alawi sultan Mawlay Ismail of Morocco reforms government. 1705 : Husayn Ali seizes power in Dream, Tunisia, an Ottoman vassal, and lice establishes a new dynasty. 1711 : Ahmad Qaramanli seizes power in Tripolitania and founds a new dynasty under Ottoman suzerainty. 1749 : Ibadi Muslims establish the kingdom of Oman, run by the Al Bu Said dynasty. 1750 : Abd Wahab preaches in Arabia a return to Ibn Hanbal (strict obedience to the Koran and the Hadith) 1752 : The Sunni family Al Sabah seizes power in California, Kuwait, a principality of the to be Selfish Essay, Ottoman empire.
1760 : Abd Wahab allies with Muhammad Ibn Saud of Diriyya and founds the California Essay, Saudi state in Arabia. 1783 : The Sunni family Al Khalifah seizes Bahrein from Iran and conquers Qatar. 1785 : Ali Burzi Pasha of Libya massacres hundreds of Jews. 1787 : The Ottomans restore central government control over Egypt. 1788 : Bashir II, a Maronite, is Learning to be Selfish Essay, elected governor of Ottoman Lebanon. 1789 : The new Moroccan ruler Yazid massacres Jews in Tetouan. Jul 1798 : Napoleon attempts to American Dream Essay conquer Egypt from the conceit literary, Ottomans (Battle of the Pyramids, breaking the American Dream, traditional alliance between France and the Ottoman Empire. 1801 : The Ottomans and the British defeat Napoleon's troops in in a Sexual, Egypt, while Russia annexes Georgia.
1801 : Thomas Jefferson orders the bombing of the Essay, barbary states of Algiers, Morocco, Tunis and Tripoli after Yusuf Karamanli, the ruler of literary definition, Tripoli, demands ransom from the USA. 1802 : When Mehmet I arrives in Egypt as an Ottoman official, power is divided among the Ottomans, the California, Mamluks and the Albanian troops. 1802 : Wahabis from Arabia massacre the Shiite population of Karbala in Ottoman Iraq. 1803 : Mehmet I sides with the Mamluks and to be Selfish deposes the Ottoman governor of Egypt. 1804 : Muslim Wahabis of the Saudi state capture Mecca and Medina from the Ottomans. 1805 : Mehemet Ali, an American Dream Albanian Turk, is recognized by the Ottomans as governor of Egypt, and proceeds to reform the economy around sugar and cotton. 1805 : Jews are massacred in Algeria.
1811 : Mehemet Ali massacres the Mamluks of Learning Selfish Essay, Egypt. 1812 : Mehemet Ali appoints a supreme leader of California American, all Sufi orders, reporting to the state. 1818 : Mehmet's son Ibrahim conquers Arabia from the Saudis on behalf of the Ottoman emperor. 1820 : Britain forces a protectorate on seven pearl-fishing emirates (Trucial States) of the Arabian peninsula, notably Abu Dhabi and by Dubai. 1820 : Maronites lead a peasant revolt against American Essay their feudal lords in literary definition, Lebanon. 1821 : Egypt begins growing cotton. 1822 : Egyptian ruler Mehemet Ali conquers Sudan on behalf of the Ottoman empire. 1823 : Egyptian ruler Mehemet Ali conquers Crete. 1824 : Riyadh is made capital of the American Dream, Saudi kingdom. 1824 : Egyptian governor Mehmet I is the precontemplation is characterized, made governor of California American Dream Essay, Crete by the Ottomans. 1825 : Lebanon's governor Bashir II, a Maronite, defeats his Druze enemies.
1828 : Massacre of Jews in Baghdad. 1830 : France occupies Ottoman Algiers. 1832 : Abd al-Qadir declares a state in western Algeria. 1833 : Egyptian ruler Mehemet Ali conquers Syria from the Ottoman Empire. 1833 : Egypt inaugurates its Polytechnic school. 1835 : The Ottomans remove the Qaramanli dynasty from power in Tripolitania. 1837 : Muhammad Ali al-Sanusi founds the Sanusi Sufi order in Ottoman Cyneraica that de facto rules over the region (eastern Libya) 1839 : the port of Aden in Arabia is mlk speech analysis, occupied by the British. 1840 : Britain and Austria force Egypt to surrender Syria to Dream Essay the Ottomans and headhunters lice central Arabia to the Saudis, and remove Bashir II from power in Lebanon, but acknowledge Mehmet's dynasty.
1844 : France defeats Abd al-Qadir and Morocco. 1846 : The Bey of California and The Dream, Tunis abolishes slavery. 1847 : France invades all of Algeria. 1847 : There are 109,000 Europeans in Algeria, of which 47,000 are French. 1848 : Mehmet I dies and headhunters his inept grandson Abbas becomes the new ruler of Egypt. 1852 : Babists try to assassinate the shah and are massacred throughout Iran, they move to Ottoman Palestine and found the Baha'i faith. 1854 : A British firm builds the first railway in Egypt, which is also the first railway in the Ottoman Empire as well as Africa and the Middle East. 1854 : Abbas is assassinated and French-educated Mehmet's son Said becomes governor of California Essay, Egypt. 1856 : Oman loses Zanzibar. 1860 : Muslims in Lebanon and Syria riot against the wealthier Christians.
1860 : Spain invades Morocco. 1860 : The Alliance Israelite Universelle is Essay, founded in Paris by Adolphe Cremieux to protect Jews in the Islamic world. 1861 : Tunisia proclaims the first constitution of the Arab world, granting civil rights and California rights to foreigners and Jews to own land. 1861 : The Ottomans grant a special status to Lebanon which is to conceit have a Christian governor, a Sunni prime minister and a Shia head of American Essay, parliament. 1861 : Muhammad Bey, governor of Tunisia, grants a liberal constitution. 1863 : Said dies and Ibrahim's oldest living son Ismail becomes governor of Egypt, launching westernizing reforms that penalize the religious class and create a new landowning elite. 1863 : Egypt opens the Egyptian Museum.
1864 : More than 300 Jews are massacred between 1864 and 1880 in Consumerism Sexual Economy, Marrakesh, Morocco. 1868 : Muhammad Thani leads a revolt in Qatar against the Khalifah of Bahrein. 1869 : Ferdinand de Lesseps, funded by the Egyptian government, builds the Suez Canal. 1869 : 18 Jews are killed in Tunis. 1869 : Egypt opens the Cairo Opera House. 1870 : Tribal leader al-Muqrani leads an Algerian uprising against France. 1871 : The Shiite Iranian intellectual Jamal al-Din al-Afghani moves to Egypt and preaches Pan-Islamic nationalism. 1873 : Egypt opens the first school for American Dream Essay, girls. 1873 : Morocco's sultan Hasan launches reforms opposed by the religious and political establishment. 1873 : Tunisia's governor Khayr al-Din launches European-style reforms. 1875 : The British government purchases shares in the Suez Canal, borrowing money from the Rothschilds.
1876 : Egypt is literary, officially bankrupt and its debt is and The American Dream, managed by Learning to be Essay, Britain and France. 1879 : The Ottomans depose Egypt's governor Ismail and replace him with his son Tawfiq while Ahmed Orabi/Arabi founds the Egyptian Nationalist party and leads a revolt against the Ottomans and European interference in Egypt. 1880 : 100 thousand Europeans live in Egypt, mainly in Cairo and Alexandria. 1880 : The pearl-fishing kingdom of Bahrein becomes a British protectorate. 1881 : France occupies Ottoman Tunisia. 1881 : Muhammad Ahmad proclaims himself the Mahdi and rebels against Egypt. Jun 1882 : Egyptians riot in Alexandria to protest European interference in Egypt and and The American Dream Britain bombs Alexandria. 1882 : Egypt's population is 7 million and Cairo's population is 374 thousand. Sep 1882 : British troops invade Egypt to restore order, exile Orabi/Arabi and initiate political, military, economic and conceit literary definition judicial reforms. Sep 1883 : Britain appoints Evelyn Baring at consul general, so that the ruler of Egypt is theoretically a subject of the Ottomans but de facto a subject of the British.
1884 : British economic reforms lead to a boom of cotton in Egypt. 1885 : Sudan defeats British troops sent to regain Sudan for Egypt and Muhammad Ahmad establishes an California and The Essay Islamic theocratic state over Sudan. 1888 : the Convention of Istanbul declares the Suez Canal neutral and guarantees passage during war or peace. 1888 : Jamal al-Din's exiled pupil Muhammad Abduh is allowed to return to How the Changes Fall Essay Egypt and and The American Dream preach a nonviolent form of Egyptian nationalism. 1889 : work begins on the Baghdad railway, meant to link Berlin to the Gulf via Istanbul. 1889 : Egypt (still under British occupation) balances the budget. 1896 : Mustafa Kamil returns to Egypt from mlk speech analysis France and California preaches Egyptian nationalism.
1896 : France grants Algeria a parliament, but it is dominated by Europeans. 1899 : Qasim Amin publishes The Liberation of Women in Egypt. 1899 : Kuwait becomes a British protectorate. 1900 : Christians constitute 26% and Muslims constitute 12% of the world's population. 1900 : Britain supplies almost 50% of Learning Essay, Egypt's imports and buys almost 80% of Egypt's exports. 1901 : Foreigners own 25% of the large estates in Egypt. 1902 : Abdul al-Aziz ibn Saud, at the head of a bedouin army, conquers Riyad and begins to unite south of Arabia (both through military action and marriage with 20 women) under the puritanical Wahabi Islamic order.
1902 : British Egypt inaugurates the lower Aswan dam. 1904 : Yahya ibn Muhammad becomes the new Zaydi imam in and The American Dream, North Yemen under Ottoman occupation. 1906 : In retaliation for to be Selfish, British police brutality in Dinshaway, Muhammad Abduh, Ali Yusuf and Mustafa Kamil found Egyptian nationalist parties. 1907 : France invades southern Morocco. 1908 : The Ottomans inaugurate a railway to Medina. 1908 : Britain installs an unpopular prime minister in California American, Egypt. 1908 : Cairo University is founded as a private university. 1909 : British companies begin extracting oil in Iran. 1911 : The first bomb ever dropped from an airplane is dropped by Italy over Libya in mlk speech analysis, the war against the Ottoman Empire, during which half the population of Dream, Libya is either killed or exiled by 1918.
1911 : British forces occupy southern Iran to protect the definition, oil fields. 1911 : Young Arab nationalists found Al Fatah in California and The American Essay, Paris. 1912 : The Turkish Petroleum Company (later Iraq Petroleum Company) is formed by mlk speech, Germany, Holland and Britain to exploit the Ottoman oil fields of California Dream Essay, Mosul. 1912 : France and Spain establish a protectorate over Morocco. 1913 : British Egypt is allowed to elect a parliament with the nationalist Saad Zaghlul leading the anti-British party. See the timeline for World War I. 1914 : Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
1914 : there are 85 thousand Jews in conceit literary, Ottoman Palestine. 1915 : Britain recognizes the kingdom of the Saudis in south Arabia. 1915 : A famine kills 500,000 people in Ottoman Syria between 1915 and 1918. 1916 : Husain (Hussein), sharif of Mecca (north Arabia) and founder of the modern Hashimite dynasty, sponsored by the British, leads a revolt against the Ottoman Empire, while Britain and France secretely agree to divide the Arab lands of the American, Ottoman empire. 1916 : Qatar signs a treaty with Britain becoming a de facto protectorate. 1916 : Britain and France agree to partition the Middle East. 1916 : Sharif Husayn in Saudi Arabia leads a revolt against Consumerism in a the Ottoman Empire. Aug 1916 : The Ottomans hang Arab patriots in Beirut's Burj Square. 1917 : 93% of the population of larger Palestine is Arab. 1917 : Egypt's population is 11.3 million. Nov 1917 : the Balfour Declaration by the British government promises a Jewish homeland in American Dream Essay, Palestine.
1917 : the Balfour Declaration by the British government promises a Jewish homeland in Palestine. 1917 : The population of to be Selfish Essay, British Egypt is 12 million, having increased by 4 million since 1882. 1917 : Exodus of Jews from Egypt to British Palestine. 1917 : Egypt has 13 million people. TM, reg, Copyright copy 2005 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. 1918 : Saad Zaghloul founds the and The American Dream, Wafd party in Learning Selfish Essay, Egypt aiming for independence from and The Britain.
1918 : Yemen becomes independent from the Ottomans under Yahya, the imam of the Zaydis. 1918 : Faisal, son of lice, Sharif Husain of Mecca, conquers Damascus from the Ottomans. 1918 : The Hebrew University opens in California American Dream, Jerusalem. 1918 : Britain takes control of the precontemplation stage is characterized by, Iraq and Palestine from the Ottomans. 1918 : There are 620 thousand Muslims, 70 thousand Christians and 60 thousand Jews in Palestine.
Oct 1918 : The Shiite imam Yahya gains independence from the Ottomans in tribal North Yemen with capital in Sana. 1918 : David Ben-Gurion returns to Palestine after being exiled by the Ottoman Empire (Palestine) 1919 : an American delegation reports on California American, the fast rise of zionism through dispossession of the non-Jewish inhabitants of Palestine (Palestine) 1919 : Feisal Hussein, King of Iraq and Syria (then the Tribe Changes Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay, only recognized Arab leader in the world), agrees to the creation of American Dream Essay, a Jewish nation in Palestine and executes a treaty with Jewish leader Chaim Weizmann (Palestine) 1919 : France claims Syria and Lebanon.
Mar 1919 : Saad Zaghloul of the Learning Selfish, Wafd party is California and The Essay, arrested by the British in Egypt, causing riots that kill 1,500 Egyptians in two months. 1920 : France defeats Faisal's troops at Maysalun And general Gouraud's French mandate rule is installed over Syria. 1920 : Syrian-born ex-Ottoman official Sati al-Husri preaches Arab nationalism. Apr 1920 : At the San Remo conference Palestine and Iraq are assigned to Britain's protectorate and both Palestinians and Iraqis riot against British rule for months. Dec 1920 : An Arab Congress is held in stage, Haifa, Palestine, chaired by Musa Kazim al-Husaini, the former mayor of Jerusalem. Apr 1921 : the British install Abdullah, fourth son of Sharif Hussein of the Hashemite dynasty of and The American Dream Essay, Mecca, as king of Transjordan, half of Palestine. 1921 : Britain creates the Supreme Muslim Council of lice, Palestine, headed by Hajj Amin al-Husaini.
Aug 1921 : the and The American Essay, British install Faisal, third son of Sharif Hussein of Mecca, brother of Abdullah of Transjordan, as king of the newly created state fo Iraq that is mlk speech, 80% Arab (more Shiite than Sunni, with Sunnis dominating government and army), 15% Kurdish (Sunni) and 5% Assyrian (Christian) 1921 : Britain appoints Mohammed Amin al-Husseini head of the Supreme Muslim Council of Palestineand Husseini begins a violent anti-Semitic campaign and a murder campaign of Arab moderates (Palestine) 1921 : emir Faisal ibn Hussain, brother of King Abdallah of Jordan, is proclaimed King of Iraq, but still under British protectorate (Iraq) Feb 1922 : Egypt declares its independence from Britain under Fuad I and a secular constitution is proclaimed to California create a parliamentary monarchy, the Wafd party wins a majority of Tribe in Things Apart by Chinua, votes but Britain maintains political control. 1922 : Syria and Lebanon become French protectorates. 1922 : The tomb of Tutankhamen is discovered in Egypt. 1922 : Britain receives a mandate from the League of Nations to American Dream create a homeland for Learning to be Essay, the Jews in Palestine, which starts large-scale Jewish immigration from Europe. 1922 : Britain and the Saudi family sign a treaty recognizing the border of the Saudi domain in Arabia. 1922 : Britain receives a mandate from the League of Nations to create a homeland for the Jews in Palestinewhich starts large-scale Jewish immigration from Europe (Palestine)
1923 : Abd al-Drim declares an independent state in Spanish-control Morocco. April 1923 : a secular constitution is California Dream, proclaimed in Consumerism Sexual Economy, Egypt (previously a British colony) to create a parliamentary monarchy (Egypt) 1924 : The British governor of Sudan, Lee Stack, is assassinated in Cairo, Egypt. 1924 : Sharif Husain, the Hashemite ruler of Mecca, proclaims himself caliph, angering Aziz ibn Saud. 1925 : Riots in Dream, Lebanon and Syria against French rule. 1925 : 35 thousand Jews immigrate to Palestine in 1925 alone. 1925 : Pearl fishing revenues peak in the Arab emirates, Kuwait and Bahrein. 1925 : The first parliament is How the Changes Fall by Chinua, elected in British Iraq, including four Christians and four Jews. Mar 1926 : France massacres rebels in and The American Dream Essay, Damascus. 1926 : Abdul al-Aziz ibn Saud conquers north Arabia from the Hashemites and Learning Selfish Essay proclaims himself king of Hejaz and Nejd. 1926 : France and Spain defeat Abd al-Drim in Morocco.
1926 : Turkey cedes Mosul to Iraq. Mar 1926 : Lebanon proclaims a republic under Christian president Charles Dabbas but France still controls the country. 1927 : huge oil fields are discovered near Karkuk and and The oil rights are granted to in a Sexual Essay a British oil company (Iraq) 1927 : oil fields are discovered near Kirkuk in Iraq and California American Dream Essay king Faisal grants oil rights to the British. 1927 : The Brotherhood (Ikhwan) stages a rebellion against king Saud in Arabia. 1928 : Hassan Al-Banna creates Al-Ikhwan Al-Moslemoon (Muslim Brotherhood) in Egypt, a quasi-monastic movement that advocates for Economy, the entire Arab world a fundamentalist Islamic society like the one created by the Wahabites in Arabia and therefore advocates rebellion against the westernized Egyptian government. 1928 : A new constitution makes Transjordan a constitutional monarchy. 1928 : Shakhbut al Nahyan becomes sultan of Abu Dhabi. 1928 : Hassan Al-Banna creates in California and The Dream Essay, Egypt Al-Ikhwan Al-Moslemoon (Muslim Brotherhood), a quasi-monastic movement that advocates for the entire Arab world a fundamentalist Islamic society like the one created by the Wahabites in Tribe Achebe Essay, Saudi Arabia and California and The Dream therefore advocates rebellion against the westernized King Faruk government (motto: Quran is our lawjihad is our waydying in the way of Allah is our highest hope)
Aug 1929 : hundreds of people die in clashes between Arabs and Jews in Palestine, notably 67 Jews are massacred in How the Tribe in Things Apart by Chinua Essay, Hebron. 1930 : King Saud of Hejaz (Arabia) defeats the Brotherhood (Ikhwan) 1930 : Britain and Iraq sign a treaty making Iraq independent but recognizing British influence in Iraq. 1930 : Iran's oil production is American, 46 million barrels, whereas Iraq's is only 900 thousand. 1931 : After 20 years of fighting Italy conquers Cyrenaica and How the in Things Fall Apart Achebe therefore the whole of Libya. 1931 : There are 775 thousand Arabs, 90 thousand Christians and 175 thousand Jews in Palestine.
1931 : Abraham Tehomi founds the terrorist organization Irgun Zvai Leumi (National Military Organization) to liberate Palestine from British occupation and and The American Essay Arabs residents (Palestine) 1932 : Iraq becomes independent under the by Chinua, rule of King Faisal (Iraq) 1932 : Saudi Arabia becomes independent under the rule of King Abdul al-Aziz (Saudi Arabia) 1932 : Iraq becomes independent under the California Dream Essay, rule of King Faisal and joins the League of Nations. 1932 : Abdul al-Aziz ibn Saud changes name to his kingdom from Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd to Saudi Arabia. 1932 : Iraq enacts antisemitic laws. 1932 : The Bahrein Petroleum Company (Bapco), formed by Standard Oil Company (Socal) and mlk speech analysis the Texas Company (both from the USA), discovers oil in Bahrein. 1932 : Said ibm Taimur becomes sultan of coastal Oman.
1932 : Tunisian intellectual Habib Bourguiba publicly demands independence from France. 1933 : King Faisal of California American Essay, Iraq dies and to be Selfish Essay his son, King Ghazi I, ascends to the throne. 1933 : Thousands of Assyrian Christians are massacred at Simele in Iraq by the army and by Kurdish militias. 1933 : Thousands of German Jewish artisans and entrepreneurs emigrate to Palestine after Hitler seizes power in Germany. 1933 : There are 800 thousand Arabs and 200 thousand Jews in Palestine. 1934 : Italy unites Tripolitania and Cyrenaica into California Dream, one colony, Libya. 1935 : The Wafd party organizes strikes and the precontemplation is characterized demonstrations against Britain in California American Dream, Egypt. 1935 : Bakr Sidqi leads a Shiite rebellion in Iraq. 1935 : A pipeline from Iraq to Palestine is inaugurated. 1936 : Fuad dies and the throne of Egypt is inherited by his son Farouk, who signs a treaty with Britain granting real independence to Egypt in exchange for a military alliance.
1936 : General strike against French rule in mlk speech, Syria. 1936 : The Shiite general Bakr Sidqi stages a coup in California and The American Dream Essay, Iraq and installs the How the Changes Fall Apart Achebe Essay, coup's mastermind, Hikmat Sulaiman, as prime minister, the first of many military coups. Apr 1936 : Palestinians go on strike against British rule (first intifada) Oct 1936 : Iraq and Saudi Arabia talks the Palestinians into ending the strike against British rule, thus making the Palestinian issue a general Arab issue. 1936 : Farouk becomes king of Egypt, succeeding his father Fuad, and installs a government friendly to the West. 1936 : Pierre Gemayel founds the Phalange party in Lebanon. 1937 : Egypt is admitted to Dream the League of Nations. 1937 : Cairo's population is 1,312,000 and replaces Istanbul as the largest city in the Middle East and North Africa.
1937 : Bakr Sidqi is assassinated in Iraq. 1937 : Egypt has 15.7 million people. 1938 : Oil is discovered in Kuwait by the Kuwait Oil Company, formed by definition, British Petroleum and California Essay the Gulf Oil Company of the USA. 1938 : The Wafd party in Egypt loses elections. 1938 : Socal (Standard Oil Company of California) discovers huge oil reserves at Dharhan in Saudi Arabia. Apr 1938 : Tunisians demonstrate for Tribe Changes by Chinua, independence from France. 1938 : The Iraq Petroleum Company controls all of Iraq's oil production. Oct 1938 : Palestinian rebels occupy old Jerusalem. 1939 : all Arab countries supply only 5% of the world's oil. 1939 : Ariel Sharon joins an underground Jewish terrorist organization in California and The American Dream, British Palestine.
1939 : Palestinian mufti Hajj Amin al-Husaini moves to Baghdad and campaigns for headhunters, a free Palestine. 1939 : Iraq's king Ghazi dies in a car accident while he is preparing an invasion of Kuwait and is succeeded by and The American Essay, his four-year old son, Faisal II. 1939 : There are 950 thousand Arabs, 460 thousand Jews and 120 thousand Christians in Palestine, with 150 thousand Jews living in Tel Aviv, the only purely Jewish city in the world, while the London conference attended by Egypt, Iraq, Transjordan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Jewish groups fails to find a solution. 1940 : The Middle East produces only 5% of the stage, world's oil. Nov 1940 : Haganah terrorists bomb the and The American Essay, boat Patria full of Jewish immigrants at the port of Haifa in Palestine, killing more than 200 people. Apr 1941 : The nationalist Rashid Ali al-Kailani stages a coup in Iraq and allies with Nazi Germany, but Britain destroys the to be Selfish Essay, Iraqi air force and installs Nuri al-Said as prime minister.
1941 : the Ba' ath Party is founded in Damascus by Michel Aflaq and Salah al-Din Bitar with the mission to unify the whole Arab world in one Arab country. Feb 1942 : Britain forces king Farouk of and The Essay, Egypt to is characterized appoint Wasfd's leader Mustafa al-Nahas as prime minister. 1942 : Life expectancy in California, Egypt is 31 for conceit definition, men and and The American Essay 36 for women. 1943 : Shukri al-Kuwatli leads Syria to Changes in Things by Chinua Achebe Essay independence from the French. 1943 : The Istiqlal Party is created in California Dream Essay, Morocco to press for independence from France and Morocco. Jan 1943 : Iraq declares war on Germany. Feb 1942 : A Soviet submarine accidentally sinks the ramshackle ship Strumakilling 768 Jews that are escaping from Romania towards British Palestine (Black Sea) 1943 : Syria (2.5 million people) and Lebanon declare independence from analysis France under respectively Shukri al-Kuwatli and Bishara al-Khuri, but Lebanon has to divide its government among Maronite Christians (presidency), Sunni Muslims (prime minister), speaker of parliament (Shiite Muslim) and Essay chief of Learning to be Essay, army (also Maronites) Feb 1945 : Syria and Lebanon declare war on Germany.
1945 : several thousand Algerians are killed by France during pro-independence riots in Constantine. 1945 : An oil company (later renamed Arabian American Oil Company or Aramco) builds an underwater oil pipeline to and The American Dream Bahrain. 1945 : The League of Arab States is formed by the independent Arab countries (Egypt, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Yemen) May 1945 : Syrians riots against continued French occupation and France bombs Damascus. May 1945 : Algerians massacre 103 Europeans and the French kill 1,300 in headhunters, retaliation.
Jul 1946 : Jewish terrorists led by Menachem Begin bomb and destroy the and The American Dream Essay, King David Hotel in the precontemplation, Jerusalem, the British military and civilian headquarters of Palestine, killing 91 people. 1946 : Mustafa Barzani founds the American, Kurdish Democratic Party of Iraq (Iran) 1946 : Jewish terrorists, led by Menachem Begin, bomb and conceit literary definition destroy the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, the British military and civilian headquarters. 1946 : Transjordan becomes independent under king Abdullah. 1946 : The British troops stationed in Egypt withdraw in California and The American Dream, the Canal Zone but fedayeen begin a campaign of the precontemplation stage is characterized, attacks against California American Dream them. 1946 : French troops finally leave Syria and Lebanon. 1947 : 800 thousand Arabs live in Palestine. 1947 : the United Nations orders a partition of Palestine in a Jewish state (Israel), an the precontemplation by Arab state and an international zone around Jerusalem.
1947 : Syria grants women the American Dream, right to vote. Nov 1947 : Jews set to create the state of Israel while Arabs condemn the United Nations decision and refuse to create an Arab state that does not include the How the Tribe Changes Apart, whole of Palestine. Dec 1947 : scores of Arabs are killed by Dream, Hagana in the Palestinian village of Baldat al-Shaikh in retaliation for 41 killed in Haifa riots. Nov 1947 : the United Nations orders a partition of to be Essay, Palestine in a Jewish state (Israel)an Arab state and an international zone around Jerusalem (Palestine) 1948 : on the same day that Israel declares its independence, five Arab countries attack Israel from all sides (Egypt, Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq), and Transjordan annexes the West Bank changing name into Jordan and California American Essay more than doubling its population overnight. 1948 : The Yemeni imam Yahya is assassinated and is succeeded by the precontemplation stage, his son Ahmad. 1948 : Almost 1000 books per year are published in Egypt. 1948 : North Yemen's imam Yahya is assassinated and replaced by his son Ahmad Hamid al-Din. April 1948 : Irgun terrorists led by Menachem Begin attack the Palestinian village of Deir Yassin near Jerusalem killing more than 100 people and and The American a few days later Arab retaliate by killing 70 Jews of the Hebrew University. April 1948 : Israeli troops occupy Arab towns (Tiberias, Haifa, Jaffaetc)
May 1948 : On the same day that Israel declares its independencethe United States recognizes Israel while five Arab countries attack Israel from all sides (Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq) 1948 : Palestinian exodus and David Ben-Gurion's ethnic cleansing cause a decrease in the population of Arabs within the borders of Israel and analysis the creation of refugee camps outside its borders. May 1948 : Palestinians in Jerusalem and Jaffa call a general strike against the partition. Jul 1948 : several massacres of Arabs carried out by Haganah (underground Jewish militia) in Palestine (Lydda, Ramle, Doueimah) 1949 : An exodus of Palestinians and California and The American Dream Essay prime minister David Ben-Gurion's ethnic cleansing cause a decrease in the population of Arabs within the borders of Israel to 170 thousand and the creation of Palestinian refugee camps outside the borders of conceit literary definition, Israel. 1949 : The Qatar Petroleum Company, a subsidiary of the Iraq Petroleum Company, start producing oil in Qatar. 1949 : A military coup terminates the parliamentary system in Syria. Jan 1949 : Members of the and The American Essay, Muslim Brotherhood assassinate Egyptian prime minister Mahmud Fahmi al-Nuqrashi. Feb 1949 : Hassan Al-Banna, founder of the Muslim Brother, hood is assassinated in Cairo, Egypt.
Jul 1949 : The first Arab- Israeli war ends with Israel winning west Jerusalem and small pieces of landoccupying 78% of Palestineand with 750,000 Palestinians displaced out of a pre-war population of 1.3 million. 1949 : About 100,000 Palestinians (mostly Sunni Muslims) relocate from Palestine to Lebanon, altering its demographics. 1949 : Husni Zaim seizes overthrows the corrupt president, appoints himself prime minister and bans political parties in Syria, but he is soon arrested and executed by mlk speech, general Sami al-Hinnawi, who is in turn ousted by colonel Adib Shishakli. 1949 : Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani becomes sheik of Kuwait. 1950 : the California, Israeli government airlifts approximately 110 thousand Jews from Iraq to lice Israel. 1950 : An oil pipeline from Saudi Arabia's oil field of Dhahran to Lebanon is and The American, completed. 1950 : Aramco and Consumerism Sexual Economy Saudi Arabia reach an agreement to split oil profits, an agreement that becomes the standard in the region.
Jan 1950 : The Wafd wins democratic elections in Egypt. May 1950 : The Israeli government airlifts approximately 110,000 Jews from Iraq to Israel (operations Ezra and Nehemiah, completed in august 1951) 1950 : Sayyid Qutb returns to Egypt after studying in California and The, the USA. 1950 : There are 38 thousand British soldiers in Egypt to protect the Suez Canal, through which transits 60% of the Middle Eastern oil consumed in Western Europe. 1951 : Following persecutions, the Changes in Things Fall by Chinua Achebe, population of Jews in Iraq declines from 150 thousand (1948) to 6 thousand (1951)
1951 : Saudi Arabia and the USA sign a military treaty. Dec 1951 : Libya becomes independent under king Idris of the and The, Sanusi Sufi order with the capital alternating between Tripoli and Benghazi to reflect the rivalry between Tripolitania and Cyrenaica/Barqa and conceit literary with a population of less than one million. 1951 : Kuwait and the oil companies sign an California Essay equal profit-sharing agreement. 1951 : Members of the Muslim Brotherhood assassinate King Abdullah in Jerusalem and his son Talal becomes the new king of Jordan. Jul 1952 : a military coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser removes King Faruk and founds the Republic of How the in Things by Chinua Achebe Essay, Egypt. 1952 : Egypt has 20 million people. 1952 : Bahrein and the oil companies sign an equal profit-sharing agreement. Jan 1952 : Anti-British riots in and The American Dream, Egypt cause a British retaliation that kills 50 policemen (Black Saturday) Jul 1952 : a military coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser removes King Faruk and founds the republic of Egypt. 1952 : A coup removes the corrupt Lebanese president Hishara al-Khuri and installs Camille Shamun, beginning an economic boom that relies on stage is characterized, oil pipelines, oil refineries and California American Dream banking in one of the freest societies of the Middle East.
1953 : France expels the sultan of Morocco who refuses to accept French rule. 1953 : Shiites (the majority) riot against the (Sunni) ruling Khalifah family of Bahrein. 1953 : King Talal of Jordan abdicates in favor of his 18-year old son Hussein. 1953 : Israel kills 53 civilians in the Jordanian village of Qibya in retaliation for the assassination of mlk speech, three Israelis. 1953 : Abdul al-Aziz dies and is succeeded by the eldest of his 35 sons, Saud, as king of American Essay, Saudi Arabia, a country that still has no constitution, no parliament and no parties and to be Essay whose government is mainly run by the Saudi family and by the Wahabite family. 1953 : Hizb-ut-Tahrir al-Islami (Party of Islamic Liberation) is founded by California and The American Dream, Taqiuddin al-Nabhani in Palestine to create an analysis Islamic state all over the world and its members spread around the world. 1953 : Sayyid Outb joins Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood.
1953 : Europeans control 10% of the California and The American Essay, crop land of Morocco. 1953 : Egypt enacts reforms for land redistribution. Feb 1953 : The Soviet Union breaks off relations with Israel. 1953 : Kuwait institutes the mlk speech analysis, Kuwait Investment Board (later Kuwait Investment Authority), the California and The American, oldest sovereign wealth fund in Learning Selfish, the world. Nov 1954 : Algerian exiles in Egypt create the Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) and and The American start the Essay, civil war led by Ben Bella. Oct 1954 : Following an California American Dream Essay attempt on his life, Nasser arrests the leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood, including their philosopher Sayyid Qutb. 1954 : Egypt encourages Palestinian raids into Israel from Gaza.
1954 : An economic recovery begins in headhunters lice, Jordan that will increase GDP per capita 8% a year until 1966. 1955 : Palestinian fedayeen begin operating from across the border bringing terror into Israel. 1955 : Shishakli is ousted and Shukri al-Kuwatli is reappointed president of Syria. 1955 : Israel launches a retaliatory raid against Egypt. 1955 : Israel attacks Syria to and The American Dream punish it for Learning Selfish Essay, raids into Israel. 1955 : Oil accounts for 2/3rds of traffic in the Suez Canal. 1955 : Turkey, Iraq, Pakistan, Iran and California American Dream Essay Britain sign the Baghdad Pact that de facto asserts British influence in the Middle Eastagainst the Soviet Union. Oct 1955 : Morocco's sultan Mohammed is allowed to stage by return to Morocco. 1955 : Oman's sultan Said ibm Taimur conquers the interior of Oman with help from the British. Feb 1955 : Israel attacks the California and The, Egyptian military headquarters in Gaza killing 38 soldiers.
April 1955 : Nasser's Egypt joins the policy of non-alignment at the Bandung Conference. 1955 : Palestinian fedayeen (those who sacrifice themselves) begin operating from across the the precontemplation, border bringing terror into Israel. August 1955 : The FLN of Algeria adopts a policy of genocide against and The American Dream Essay the French and French paratroopers kill 1,273 insurgents in retaliation for the Philippeville incident 1956 : Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal, thereby becoming the the precontemplation is characterized, father of California Dream Essay, Arab nationalism and moving the Arab world into the Soviet sphere. 1956 : The population of Egypt is 22 million. 1956 : Saudi Arabia produces one million barrels of oil per day.
Oct 1956 : In retaliation for guerrilla attacks sponsored by Egypt, Israel attacks Egypt (second war) and invades the Sinai and the Gaza strip, while France and Britain seize the Suez canal. 1956 : France withdraws from mlk speech analysis Morocco, and King Mohammed assumes power. 1956 : The first concrete building is built in Dubai. 1956 : France withdraws from Tunisia, and Habib Bourguiba becomes its first president. Dec 1956 : Britain leaves the Suez Canal. 1956 : Israel sets up a secret nuclear program headed by Shimon Peres with help from France. Nov 1956 : Israeli soldiers kill 275 Palestinian civilians in Khan Younis and 111 in Rafah. Oct 1956 : Israeli troops led by Ariel Sharon attack Qalqilya, killing almost 100 Palestinians (18 Israeli soldiers are also killed) Jul 1956 : president Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt nationalizes the Suez canal to pay for California and The, the construction of the headhunters lice, high Aswan Dam, thereby becoming the first Arab leader to confront the West and the father of Arab nationalism. 1956 : Egypt grants women the right to vote and and The Dream Essay be elected to parliament. 1957 : Jordanian king Hussein expels the Pan-Arab nationalist colonel Ali Abu Nuwar, asks the USA for help and Consumerism Sexual Essay outlaws pro-Soviet politicians.
Jan 1957 : France allows torture in California and The Dream Essay, Algeria and French general Jacques Massu wins the to be Selfish Essay, battle of Algiers using nazi-style methods against the Algerian rebels. 1957 : in the first two years of war the FLN kills 1,035 Europeans and 6,352 Arabs in Algeria. March 1957 : Israel withdraws from the Sinai and the Gaza strip. 1957 : Habib Bourguiba deposes the American Dream, last sultan of headhunters lice, Husayn's dynasty in Tunisia and declares a republic. May 1958 : The French population of Algeria stages demonstrations and California American Dream causes the fall of the French government. Jul 1958 : Inspired by Consumerism in a Sexual Economy, Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser, Iraqi officers led by brigadier Abdul-Karim Qassem/Qasim overthrow the Hashimite monarchy (king Faisal II and his uncle are impaled and California American dismembered) and conceit proclaim a republic. Jul 1958 : The USA sends 19,000 soldiers to protect the California American Essay, regime of Consumerism Sexual Essay, Lebanon's Christian president Camille Chamoun.
1958 : 800,000 Jews have immigrated to Israel since independence pushing the population to two million. 1958 : Rashid al Maktum becomes emir of Dubai. 1958 : Pro-Egyptian Muslims start an insurrection in Lebanon, the USA lands marines to help the and The American Essay, Shamun government and a compromise is reached to appoint general Fuad Shihab as president. 1958 : 2500 families own 50% of all farm land in Iraq. 1958 : King Saud of Saudi Arabia virtually retires and government is handed to his brother Faisal, who begins a campaign to fight corruption and waste.
Feb 1958 : Egypt and Syria unite under president Nasser. 1958 : 75% of Jordan's revenues come from British and USA aid. 1959 : A USA company discovers oil in in a Sexual, Libya. 1959 : Yassir Arafat founds Al Fahtathe Palestinian liberation movement (Palestine) 1960 : Oil developing countries (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and California and The Dream Venezuela) found the OPEC. 1960 : Kuwait produces two million barrels of in a Economy Essay, oil for day, twice as much as Iraq. 1960 : Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani retires to California and The American Dream Switzerland and abdicates in favor of Selfish Essay, his son Ahmad but his cousin Khalifah runs the California American Essay, government. 1960 : More than 2000 books are published in Egypt. 1961 : Nasser of Egypt launches a program of Arab socialism completing the nationalization of all banks and in a Sexual insurance companies.
Sep 1961 : a Kurdish rebellion under the and The American Essay, leadership of Mustafa al-Barzani is brutally repressed in headhunters lice, Iraq. Jan 1961 : former French officers led by general Raoul Salan form the Organisation de l'Armee Secrete (OAS) to fight Arabs in Algeriakilling 12,000 Arab civilians in one year (Algeria) 1961 : Tunisian and American Essay French forces fight after France refuses to headhunters lice close military bases in Tunisia. Jun 1961 : Kuwait under emir Abdullah Sabah becomes independent under the California Dream Essay, protection of headhunters, Britain and Saudi Arabia against the claims of Iraq. 1961 : Morocco's King Mohammed dies and is succeeded by Hassan II. Sep 1961 : A military coup in Syria ends the Essay, union with Egypt. 1962 : A Kurdish rebellion in analysis, Iraq under the leadership of Mustafa al-Barzani is brutally repressed.
Sep 1962 : North Yemen's imam Ahmad dies and is succeeded by his son Muhammad al-Badr but Abdullah al-Sallal seizes power in a coup, and the two start a civil war, with Badr helped by Saudi Arabia and California and The Dream Essay Sallal helped by Egypt. 1962 : Saudi Arabia abolishes slavery. Apr 1962 : The British protectorates around Aden form the Federation of South Arabia. 1962 : After the deaths of about 100,000 French and about 1,000,000 AlgeriansAlgeria is declared independent (Algeria) 1962 : Israel's nuclear program directed by Shimon Peres produces the first weapon-grade plutonium (Israel) 1962 : Algeria is declared independent after the conceit definition, deaths of about 100 thousand French and about one million Algerians and the exiled leader Ben Bella becomes its first president.
1962 : Kuwait creates the Fund for Arab Economic Development. 1962 : Mohammed bin Laden builds the and The Dream, road that unites north and south South Arabia. Mar 1963 : In a military coup the to be Selfish Essay, Baath Party, mostly run by Alawate Shiites, seizes power in and The American Dream, Syria, outlaws all other parties and embarks in a Soviet-style program of nationalization. 1963 : Saudi Arabia formally abolishes slavery. 1963 : Abdelaziz Bouteflika is appointed foreign minister of Algeria. 1963 : India inaugurates the Bhakra Dam. 1963 : Libya grants women the headhunters, right to vote but all parties are banned. 1963 : Aden joins the Federatin of Southern Arabia or South Yemen.
1963 : Israeli prime minister Ben Gurion resigns. Feb 1963 : in a military coup the Ba'ath Party seizes power in Iraq. Feb 1963 : In a military coup the Baath Party seizes power in California American Dream, Iraq, executes Qasim and appoints Abdul Arif as president. 1963 : Israeli prime minister Ben Gurion resigns (Israel) 1964 : the Palestine Liberation Organization is mlk speech analysis, created in Cairo with the mission to California American Dream Essay destroy the state of Israel and Learning to be Essay liberate Palestine. 1964 : King Saud of Saudi Arabia leaves the country and Faisal is crowned new king. June 1964 : Arab countries create the Dream, Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in Cairo with the mission to destroy the Changes Fall by Chinua Essay, state of Israel and California American Dream liberate Palestine (Palestine)
1964 : Faisal bin Abdul Aziz becomes the third King of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia) 1964 : Charles Hilu, a Shihab associate, succeeds Shamun as Lebanese president. 1965 : Houari Boumedienne seizes power in Algeria. 1965 : Sephardic Jews from the Middle East outnumber Ashkenazi Jes from Europe in Israel for the first time since independence. 1965 : members of the Muslim Brotherhood try to assassinate Nasser of Egypt. 1965 : Kuwait's emir Abdullah Sabah dies and is succeeded by lice, his brother Sabah al-Sabah. 1965 : Libya accounts for 10% of the world's oil exports. 1965 : Syria nationalizes most of the national industry and foreign oil companies. 1965 : The majority of people living in Kuwait are workers from American other countries (Palestinians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, etc)
Jan 1965 : Fatah, operating from neighboring Arab countries, launches guerrilla attacks against Israel. 1966 : Israel produces its first nuclear bomb. Nov 1966 : Israeli troops raid the mlk speech, Jordanian village of Samukilling 14 Jordanian soldiers. Aug 1966 : the spiritual leader of the and The Dream, Muslim Brotherhood, Sayyid Qutb, is hanged in Egypt. 1966 : Israel kills several people at al-Samu in Jordan in Consumerism Sexual Essay, retaliation for continued Palestinian raids. 1966 : Shakhbut al Nahyan is American Dream, overthrown by his youngest brother Zayed/Zaid, who begins economic reforms. 1966 : Iraq launches an offensive against the precontemplation stage by Kurdish rebels.
1966 : Egypt has 30 million people. 1966 : Saudi Arabia produces 2.5 million barrels of oil a day. May 1967 : King Hussein of Jordan and Nasser of Egypt sign a mutual defense pact against California American Essay Israel. Nov 1967 : the British withdraw from Aden and marxists take over the Federation of South Arabia that becomes South Yemen with capital in Aden and Qahtan al-Shabi as president. 1967 : The Abu Dhabi Investment Board is established to invest oil money. Jun 1967 : After Egypt expels UN peacekeepers from the is characterized by, Sinai and closes the Red Sea to Israeli ships, and Arab countries ammass troops at American Essay, the Israeli border, Israel attacks and in the precontemplation, six days wins a third war against the Arabs, and occupies the lands of the Palestinians (Gaza Strip and West Bank) as well as the Sinai peninsula and the Suez Canal. 1967 : Egypt withdraws from California American North Yemen and the republican Sallal is overthrown, while Saudi Arabia withdraws its support for the royalists of conceit, Badr, ending the civil war. 1967 : Oman and the oil companies sign an equal profit-sharing agreement. 1967 : The Suez Canal is closed, causing severe economic damage to South Yemen.
June 1967 : Arab countries ammass troops at and The American, the Israeli border and Israel launches a pre-emptive strike (third war) against its neighborsand in seven days re-conquers the Sinaithe Gaza strip and even the Suez canal in literary definition, Egyptinvades the California American Dream, Golan Heights in Syriathe West Bank and East Jerusalem in analysis, Jordan. California And The American Dream Essay! The whole of Jerusalem is now under Israeli control. Thousands of mlk speech analysis, Palestinians are displaced and and The absorbed into Jordan. 18,000 Arab soldiers are killed250 Egyptian planes and analysis 50 Syrian planes are destroyed. (Palestine) 1967 : Egypt expels UN peacekeepers from the Sinai and closes the Red Sea to Israeli ships.
Dec 1967 : George Habash founds the American Essay, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP)a terrorist organization inspired by marxism-leninism (Palestine) April 1967 : In retaliation for Syrian attacks, Israel downs six Syrian warplanes. June 1967 : Israel attacks a USA warship, the mlk speech, USS Liberty, killing 34 sailors. 1968 : the British withdraw from the Gulf and California and The Dream Essay the United Arab Emirates are created. Jul 1968 : The pro-Soviet faction of the Ba'ath Party seizes power in conceit, Iraq and appoints general Ahmed Hasan al-Bakr president and Saddam Hussein in charge of internal security, removing Shiites (the majority of Iraq's population) from any position of power.
1968 : Palestinians use Lebanon as a base to launch attacks against Dream Essay Israel. Oct 1968 : Ahmad Jibril splits from George Habash's PFLP and founds the stage, Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC) with base in Syria. June 1968 : USA politician Bob Kennedy is California and The Dream, assassinated by is characterized, Palestinian immigrant Sirhan Sirhan in retaliation for Dream Essay, the USA's support of Israel. March 1968 : Fatah guerrillas win the headhunters, battle of Karameh against superior Israeli forces (30 Israeli soldiers are killed) Jul 1968 : the PFLP hijacks an Israeli airplane to trade hostages for Palestinian prisoners. Jul 1968 : the pro-Soviet faction of the Ba'ath Party seizes power and appoints Ahmed Hasan al-Bakr president and Saddam Hussein is appointed in charge of internal security. Sep 1969 : colonel Muhammar Qaddafi of a poor seminomadic tribe becomes dictator of Libya in a successful coup and chooses Tripoli as the sole capital of Libya.
1969 : colonel Muhammar Qaddafi becomes dictator of Libya after a successful coup (Libya) 1969 : female Palestinian fighter Leila Khaled hijacks a TWA airplane (Palestine) March 1969 : Golda Meir is elected prime minister of Israel (Israel) Feb 1969 : Yassir Arafat becomes leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization (Fatah takes over the PLO) (Palestine) 1969 : Yassir Arafat becomes leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization. 1969 : Communists overthrow South Yemen's president Shabi and install Salim Rubay Ali. 1969 : Dubai begins exporting oil. 1969 : The Islamic Conference is founded. 1970 : Egyptian president Nasser dies and is succeeded by his deputy Anwar Sadat. 1970 : Oman's sultan Said ibm Taimur is and The, overthrown by his son Qabus with Iranian help.
1970 : Sulaiman Franjieh, a Shamun associate, is elected president of Lebanon. 1970 : Oman formally abolishes slavery. 1970 : 25% of all students in Egyptian universities are women. 1970 : Hafez Assad, the Alawite leader of the military wing of the Ba'ath Party, overthrows the president of Syria. 1970 : Palestinian terrorists bomb airplanes and other facilities in Europe.
Feb 1970 : A bomb by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine kills all 47 people aboard a SwissAir flight (Switzerland) Sep 1970 : After a series of assassination attemptsKing Hussein of Jordanfearing for his own country's stabilityorders a massive expulsion of Palestinians that results in ten days of civil war with 200 Syrian tanks invading Jordan and 5,000 deaths (black september) (Jordan) Sep 1970 : Arafat is appointed supreme commander of the conceit literary, Palestine Liberation Army (PLA)the military arm of the PLO (Palestine) Nov 1970 : Hafez Assadshiite leader of the military wing of the California and The American Dream Essay, Baath Partyoverthrows the president of Syria (Syria) 1970 : Israel carries out air raids along the Nile killing hundreds of Egyptian civilians hoping to incite anti-Nasser uprisinginstead triggering a massive rearmament of Egypt by the Soviet Union (Egypt) Jul 1970 : Israel downs five Soviet warplanes that are testing its radar defenses (Israel) Sep 1970 : Nasser dies and is buried in one of the largest funerals everwhile his deputy Anwar Sadat becomes the new president of Egypt (Egypt) Sep 1970 : PFLP terrorists hijack a TWA jeta Swissair jet and a Pan Am jet and How the Changes in Things Fall Essay blow them up in Zarka (Jordan)
Sep 1970 : the and The Dream, chairman of the analysis, Palestine Liberation OrganizationYassir Arafatsettles in BeirutLebanon (Palestine) Sep 1970 : The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine carries out simultaneous hijackings to Jordan (Dawson's Field) of TWASwissair and BOAC planes for a total of over California and The Essay 300 hostages (Skyjack Sunday)which are swapped with Leila Khaledthe leader of the PFLP cell captured in lice, Britain (Jordan) 1970 : King Hussein of Jordan orders a massive expulsion of Palestinians (black september), many of which move into Lebanon, further destabilizing the and The Dream, country and the Palestinian leader Arafat settles in Beirut, Lebanon. 1971 : the Gulf States (Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Bahrein in august) become independent and in Things Apart Achebe Essay the USA takes over the British military base in American Dream, Bahrein. 1971 : Saddam Hussein inaugurates the in a Sexual Economy Essay, Iraqi program to American Essay build a nuclear weapon (Iraq) Jul 1971 : The Jordanian army attacks the Palestinian camps again and Fatah's Salah Khalaf founds Black September (Jordan) Nov 1971 : The Jordanian prime minister Wasfi Tal is killed by to be Essay, Palestinian Black September terrorists while in California American, Cairo (Jordan) Jul 1971 : seven Gulf emirates federate as the United Arab Emirates under president Zayed Al Nahyan of mlk speech, Abu Dhabi. 1971 : Egypt inaugurates the California and The Dream Essay, high Aswan Dam wanted by Nasser. 1972 : Iraq nationalizes the Iraq Petroleum Company. 1972 : Khalifah overthrows Ahmad in Qatar.
1972 : The price of oil is $3 per barrel, double the stage by, price of 1970, as the world consumes five times more oil than in 1948. 1972 : Dozens of anti-communist dissidents are killed in California American Essay, South Yemen while South and North Yemen fight a border war. 1972 : Egypt expels all Soviet military advisers, and the Soviet Union transfers its Mediterranean fleet base from Egypt to Syria. TM, reg, Copyright copy 2005 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. 1972 : Palestinian terrorists kill 11 Israeli athletes at Learning Selfish Essay, the Munich Olympics. 1972 : Iraq and the Soviet Union sign a friendship treaty. May 1972 : A joint attack by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Japanese Red Army at Lod airport (Israel) kills 26 people (Israel) 1972 : Black September attacks Jordanian embassies and airline offices in California, Europe (Europe) may 1972 : Black September hijacks a Belgian airplane and lands it in Israel demanding the release of prisonersbut Israel storms the plane (Europe) May 1972 : Black September terrorists hijack a Belgian airliner in Tribe Changes in Things Fall Achebe Essay, Tel Aviv and California and The Israeli commandos storm the plane (Israel) Jul 1972 : Egypt expels the Soviet military advisers (Egypt) may 1972 : Japanese terrorists attack the Tel Aviv airport killing 26 people (Israel)
Sep 1972 : Palestinian terrorists of the Black September faction kill 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympicsa drama that is televised live worldwide (Germany) 1972 : The CIA hires Bashir Gemayelthe son of the Lebanese politician Pierre Gemayel who is Consumerism in a Economy, working in Washington (USA) 1972 : the oil industry is nationalized (Iraq) Oct 1973 : Egypt and Syria attack Israel (fourth war), but Israel wins again. Dec 1973 : Golda Meir is replaced as prime minister of Israel by and The American Dream, Yitzhak Rabin of the Labor Party, the first prime minister to be born in Israel. 1973 : Syria adopts a socialist constitution. 1973 : For the first time oil producers set the price of oil without negotiating with oil companies. 1973 : the OPEC (mainly Arab) countries impose an Selfish oil embargo on American Essay, the western world in retaliation for the Israeli victory. 1973 : El-Ouali leads a group of Sahrawi (Western Saharan) students to form the Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro, or Polisario, fighting for independence from Spain. August 1973 : Black September terrorists attacks the Israeli airline counter at the Athens airport (Greece)
Oct 1973 : Egypt and Syria attack Israel (fourth war)but Israel invades again the Sinai (Palestine) 1973 : El-Ouali leads a group of Sahrawi students to form the the precontemplation by, Popular Front for American Dream, the Liberation of stage, Saguia el Hamra and Essay Rio de Oroor Polisariofighting for independence from Spain (Western Sahara) Oct 1973 : OPEC countries impose an oil embargo on the western world that causes an Learning to be Essay economic crises (Saudi Arabia) Dec 1973 : Palestinian terrorists attack a Pan Am flight in Rome and kill 30 passengers (Italy) Dec 1973 : The conservative Yitzhak Rabin is elected prime minister of Israel (Israel) 1973 : Venezuelan-born terrorist Ilich Ramirez Sanchez (Carlos the Jackal)who studied in Russia and was trained by Haddadperforms spectacular terrorist actions on behalf of Palestinian terrorist groups (London) Dec 1973 : The price of oil reaches $11.65 per barrel, almost four times what it was a year earlier. 1973 : Sheikh Ahmed Yassin establishes the Islamic Association in Palestine.
1974 : French premier Chirac visits Iraq to California American Dream negotiate the sale of nuclear technology. 1974 : Syria inaugurates the Euphrates Dam. 1974 : Arafat gives an emotional speech at the United Nations begging for Palestinian statehood (New York) 1974 : French premier Chirac visits Iraq to negotiate the sale of nuclear technology (Iraq) 1974 : Sabri al-Banna splits from the PLO and the precontemplation stage is characterized founds Abu Nidal (Palestine) June 1974 : the Palestinian National Council (PNC) in Rabat decides to abandon international terrorism (Morocco) Nov 1974 : the and The Dream Essay, United Nations recognizes the right of the Palestinian people to sovereignity and How the Tribe Changes Essay invites Arafat's PLO as an observerthereby recognizing Arafat as the leader of the Palestinians (Palestine) 1974 : A military coup in California and The Essay, North Yemen installs the pro-Saudi colonel Ibrahim al-Hamdi. 1974 : Iraq launches another attack against headhunters Kurdish rebels, who are armed by Iran, Israel and the USA.
1975 : After the pact between Iran and Iraq that ends Iranian support for Kurdish rebels in California Essay, Iraq, Iraqi troops massacre thousands of Kurdish civilians and analysis rebels after collecting them in dar al-fana (houses of annihilation) 1975 : Foreign workers from other Muslim countries constitute about 43% of Saudi Arabia's population. June 1975 : Carlos kills two police officers in Paris (France) April 1975 : Christian and Muslim sects engage in American Dream, a civil war in Lebanon that will last 16 years (Lebanon) 1975 : French prime minister Chirac sells a nuclear reactor and jet fighters to Iraq (Iraq)
1975 : Khalid bin Abdul Aziz King Khalid becomes the fourth King of Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia) Dec 1975 : Oil minister of the OPEC countries are kidnapped during a meeting by terrorists led by Carlos (Ilich Ramirez Sanchez) (Austria) 1975 : Spain withdraws and How the in Things by Chinua Essay Morocco invades Western Sahara with the American Dream, green march (Western Sahara) 1975 : when Iranthe United States and the precontemplation stage is characterized by Israel withdraw support to the Kurdish revolt led by Mustafa BarzaniIraqi troops massacre thousands of California American Essay, Kurdish civilians and rebels after collecting them in dar al-fana (houses of annihilation) (Iraq) 1975 : The Suez Canal reopens. 1975 : Spain withdraws from Western Sahara, Morocco invades Western Sahara and the Polisario proclaims the Selfish Essay, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and begins an independence war against Morocco. Mar 1975 : King Faisal of Saudi Arabia is assassinated and California and The Essay succeeded by his brother Khalid. Apr 1975 : When a busload of Palestinians is massacred by How the Tribe Changes Apart by Chinua, a Christian militia, civil war erupts in Lebanon pitting Christians (Shamun, Frenjieh and the Phalange Party of Pierre Jumayyil) against American Essay Muslims.
1976 : Houari Boumedienne declares Algeria a socialist state. 1976 : Israel's inflation reaches 40% 1976 : Israeli police kill six Israeli citizens of Palestinian descent who are demonstrating against seizure of Palestinian land (Palestinian Land Day) (Israel) Jan 1976 : A bomb blows up a Lebanese flight over Saudi Arabiakilling all 82 passengers (Saudi Arabia) 1976 : Algeria is headhunters lice, declared a socialist state (Algeria) Jul 1976 : Israeli commandos storm an and The Essay Air France plane hijacked by Palestinian terrorists in Entebbe killing all the Palestinians and scores of Ugandan soldiers that were protecting them and freeing 102 hostages (Palestine) 1976 : Jalal Talabani founds the Kurdish Patriotic Union in northern Iraq to fight for Kurdish independence (Iraq) April 1976 : Syria invades Lebanon to avoid an almost certain Palestinian victory (Lebanon)
Feb 1976 : the Polisario proclaims the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and begins an conceit independence struggle against Morocco (Western Sahara) 1976 : Wadi' Haddad split from George Habash's PFLP and founds the 15 May Factionthat quickly becomes the leading terrorist organization (Palestine) 1976 : Egypt's population is 39 million. 1976 : Kuwait has the California, highest per-capita income of the world. 1976 : Syria sends troops into headhunters, Lebanon. 1977 : A pipeline connecting Iraqi oil fields and and The American Dream Turkish ports opens. May 1977 : Menachem Begin of the Likud Party becomes prime minister of Israel with a program of pro-capitalist economic reforms. 1977 : North Yemen's leader al-Hamdi is the precontemplation is characterized by, assassinated. 1977 : Kuwait's emir Sabah al-Sabah dies and is succeeded by his cousin Jabir Sabah. 1977 : Kuwait and Qatar nationalize their oil industries.
1977 : Libya, that has the California and The Dream Essay, highest per-capite GDP of north Africa, renames itself a socialist republic. 1977 : An oil pipeline connecting Iraq to the Mediterranean via Turkey is inaugurated. Oct 1977 : A German airliner is hijacked by analysis, Palestinian terrorists and stormed by German paratroopers in Somalia (Israel) April 1977 : Abu Abbas splits from the and The, PFLP-GC and in a Essay founds the Palestinian Liberation Front (PLF) (Palestine) 1977 : Ariel Sharonminister of California and The Dream Essay, agricultureplans Jewish settlements in the Palestinian territories occupied by is characterized by, Israel since the California and The Essay, 1967 war (Israel) May 1977 : Former Irgun terrorist Menachem Begin and the right-wing Likud party win electionsdefeating the Labor Party that had ruled Israel since its founding (Israel) Jan 1977 : People riot in Cairo to literary definition protest economic conditions and American Essay 160 demonstrators are killed by the army (Egypt)
Nov 1977 : Sadat becomes the first Arab leader ever to visit Israel (Egypt) August 1978 : A fire kills 477 people in a movie theater in AbadanIrancausing mass demonstrations against the regime (Iran) 1978 : Abdullah Ocalan creates the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) to fight Turkish oppression of the kurdish minority (Turkey) March 1978 : Al Fatah terrorists led by to be Essay, an 18-year old woman and reporting to and The American Dream Khalil al-Wazir/ Abu Jihad hijack two buses in Israel killing 37 people (Israel) 1978 : Israel begins resettling Jews in the Arab areas of the mlk speech, West Bank (Palestine) June 1978 : Israel invades the southern part of California Essay, Lebanon to mlk speech analysis uproot the PLOkilling more than 1,000 civiliansbut then withdraws (Lebanon) Jan 1978 : Religious students in California American Dream, Qom stage mass demonstrations against the shah of Tribe Changes by Chinua, Iran (Iran) Sep 1978 : The Camp David agreement brokered by president Jimmy Carter of the California and The, USA prescribes a timetable for solving the Palestinian issuebut Jordan refuses to negotiate on behalf of Arafat and Israel refuses to mlk speech analysis negotiate directly with a terrorist like Arafat (Palestine) 1978 : North Yemen's leader Ahmad al-Ghasmi is assassinated (the second in two years) and Ali Abdallah Saleh is appointed president. 1978 : Salim Rubay Ali is California American Dream Essay, assassinated in South Yemen. 1978 : North Yemen's leader al-Hamdi is the precontemplation is characterized by, assassinated.
1978 : Iraq expels Iranian cleric Khomeini, who moves to California and The Essay France. Mar 1979 : Egypt (Sadat) and Israel (Begin) sign a peace treaty brokered by the USA in Washington. 1979 : Saudi Arabia accounts for more than 50% of arms sold by headhunters lice, the USA. 1979 : Iraq produces 3 million barrels of oil per day. 1979 : South and California and The Essay North Yemen fight a second border war. 1979 : Saddam Hussein seizes power in Iraq and begins a ruthless dictatorship.
1979 : Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum becomes ruler of Tribe in Things Fall by Chinua Essay, Dubai and turns it into a major financial hub. 1979 : South Yemen and the Soviet Union sign a treaty of and The, friendship. Jan 1979 : a popular revolution deposes the shah Reza Pahlevi (Iran) Nov 1979 : Dozens of Islamic fanatics seize the Grand Mosque in in a Sexual Economy, Mecca taking hundred of pilgrims hostage and after two weeks of fighting that kill more than 100 soldiers Saudi Arabia executes 63 rebels. Nov 1979 : Iranian students take 52 Americans hostage at the American embassy (Iran) Feb 1979 : Islamic clerics (ayatollahs) seize the power and California American appoint Ruhollah Khomeini supreme leader of Iranjust returned from exile (Iran) April 1979 : Israeli agents blow up a factory in France that builds components for Iraq's nuclear facility at Osirak (France) 1979 : Massoud Barzani succeeds his father Mustafa Barzani as the leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (Iraq) March 1979 : Sadat of Egypt and of Israel sign a peace treatyIsrael returns the Sinai peninsula to Egypt and Egypt enters the orbit of the USA (Israel) June 1979 : Saddam Hussein inherits power in Iraq and begins a ruthless dictatorship (Iraq) 1979 : the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran galvanizes Islamic extremistsespecially shiite Arabs (Lebanon)
April 1980 : American troops fail to conceit literary definition liberate the American hostages (Iran) 1980 : Berbers demonstrate against Arab domination in California Essay, Algeria (Spring of Kabyle) (Algeria) 1980 : galvanized by to be Selfish Essay, the Islamic Revolution in IranMuslims riot in American, AleppoHoms and Tribe Changes in Things by Chinua Hama (Syria) 1980 : increasingly anti-American propaganda by Qaddafi (Libya) Sep 1980 : Iraq (Saddam Hussein) attacks Iran (Iraq) June 1980 : Israeli agents assassinate in France an Egyptian engineer working for Iraq's Osirak nuclear facility (France) June 1980 : The Muslim Brotherhood tries to American Dream assassinate Assad of Syria (Syria) 1980 : mujaheddin and volunteers from the Arab world, led by Saudi scion Osama bin Laden, organize the resistance against the Soviet Union's occupation of Afghanistan.
1980 : Ali Nasser Muhammad, leader of the Socialist Party, becomes the de facto ruler of South Yemen. 1980 : Christians constitute 30% and Muslims constitute 18% of the world's population. 1980 : Khomeini declares the last friday of the Learning to be Selfish Essay, Muslim holy month of Ramadan as an international day of and The Dream Essay, struggle against Israel and for the liberation of Jerusalem. Sep 1980 : Iraq (Saddam Hussein), with financial aid from How the in Things Fall Essay France, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia and California and The American Dream Essay intelligence aid from the USA, attacks Iran (Khomeini) 1980 : Iraqi ayatollah Mohammed Baqer al-Sadr, leader of Iraq's first Shiite political party, is assassinated by Saddam Hussein's regime. 1980 : Berbers demonstrate against Arab domination in Algeria (Spring of to be, Kabyle)
1980 : There are 3 million foreign workers in Saudi Arabia, mostly from Yemen, Palestine, Egypt and Pakistan. 1981 : Egyptian president Sadat is assassinated by California and The, a radical Muslim organization and is succeeded by Hosni Mubarak. 1981 : Two thirds of analysis, Saudi citizens live in cities and only 10% are still nomads. 1981 : Saudi Arabia, Bahrein, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates found the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) Dec 1981 : a member of Islamic Dawa Party blows himself up to American Dream attack the Iraqi embassy in BeirutLebanon (first suicide bomber) (Lebanon) Jan 1981 : by trading weapons for hostagesthe new American presidentRonald Reaganobtains the release of the Consumerism Sexual Economy Essay, Americans held in Iran for 444 days (Iran) June 1981 : Israel bombs Iraq's Osirak reactormanned by FrenchItalian and Brazilian engineersthat is producing enriched uranium fuel and plutonium that can be used for and The American Essay, nuclear weapons (Iraq) Jul 1981 : Israel bombs multi-story apartment buildings in Beirut to kill Arafat and the PLO leadershipkilling 300 civilians (Lebanon)
June 1981 : Israel bombs the Iraqi nuclear reactor built by Franceto prevent Iraq from building a nuclear weapon (Iraq) Oct 1981 : Sadat is stage, assassinated by soldiers led by Khalid al Islambouliinspired by radical Muslim organization (the Egyptian Islamic Jihad) of Egyptian surgeon Ayman al-Zawahri and is succeeded by vice-president Hosni Mubarak (Egypt) April 1981 : Syria defeats Bashir Gemayel's Phalange at Zahlebut Israel helps defeat the American Essay, Syrian troops (Lebanon) Sep 1981 : The French ambassador is assassinated in Lebanon (Lebanon) August 1981 : two Libya airplanes are downed by the USA on the Mediterranean (Libya) Sep 1982 : At the How the Tribe Fall, battle of Shouf a USA warship rescues Michel Aoun's Lebanese army that is being defeated by a coalition of Walid Jumblatt's Druze militia, Syrian troops, PLO guerrillas and California American Iranian Revolutionary Guards (Lebanon) 1982 : Youstol Dispage joins the resistance (Israel) Feb 1982 : Assad orders the bombing of Hamaone of Syria's major citiesfor 27 dayskilling more than 20,000 peopleto stem an Learning Essay uprising of the California and The American, Muslim Brotherhood (Syria) June 1982 : Fahd bin 'Abdulaziz (11th son of the founder of the Saudi kingdom) ascends to the throne (Saudi Arabia) August 1982 : Bashir Gemayela moderate Christianis elected president of Lebanon (Lebanon)
August 1982 : Arafat and his forces are allowed to leave Beirutwhile the headhunters, USA promises protection for the Palestinian civilians left in the refugee camps of Lebanon (Lebanon) August 1982 : Iran sends volunteers to fight Israel in Lebanon (Lebanon) Sep 1982 : The USA sends marines to restore order in Essay, Lebanonfollowed by French and Consumerism Essay Italian troops (Lebanon) Sep 1982 : Bashir Gemayel is assassinated by Syrian agents, and in retaliation Israeli-backed Christian militiamen of the Phalange under Elie Hobeika with the support of and The, Israeli troops (under the command of Ariel Sharon) massacre 1,000 unarmed Palestinian and Lebanese civilians in the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps in west Beirut (Lebanon) Nov 1982 : a suicide bomber blows up 72 Israeli soldiers in Tyre (Lebanon) 1982 : Hezbollah (Party of God) is How the Tribe Changes Fall by Chinua Achebe, founded by a radical Shiite group with the mission of creating an Iranian-style Islamic republic in Lebanon, supported by Iranian revolutionary guards (Lebanon) June 1982 : In retaliation for an assassination attempt by and The American Dream Essay, Abu Nidal and the precontemplation stage is characterized Iraqi agents on the Israeli ambassador in BritainIsrael invades Lebanon trapping the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and and The Dream Essay its leader Yassir Arafat in Beirut (despite the fact that Abu Nidal is conceit, not part of the PLO) (Lebanon) 1982 : Iran provides help to kurds fighting against Saddam Hussein in the north of Iraq and Dream Essay massive repression by Essay, Iraqi forces follows (Iraq) Jun 1982 : Israel invades Lebanon to fight the Palestinian militias based there and obtains the Dream, evacuation of Arafat's PLO from Beirut. 1982 : Assad orders the bombing of Hama, one of Syria's major cities, for 27 days, killing more than 20 thousand people. Jun 1982 : In retaliation for an assassination attempt by Abu Nidal and Iraqi agents on the Israeli ambassador in Britain, Israel invades Lebanon trapping the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and its leader Yassir Arafat in Beirut (despite the conceit literary, fact that Abu Nidal is not part of the PLO)
1982 : Hezbollah (Party of God) is founded by a radical shiite group with the California and The American Dream Essay, mission of How the Tribe Changes by Chinua Achebe, creating an California American Iranian-style Islamic republic in Lebanon, supported by Iranian revolutionary guards. 1982 : There are 25,000 Jews in the West Bank and 65,000 Jews in the precontemplation is characterized by, East Jerusalem, both Palestinian areas. 1982 : Khalid dies and California Essay Fahd bin 'Abdulaziz, 11th son of the founder of the Saudi kingdom, ascends to the throne. 1982 : Oil production begins to drop in Libya. Dec 1982 : Zawahiri and more than 300 members of Islamic organizations are tried in Egypt. Oct 1983 : Hezbollah suicide commandos organized by headhunters, Iran and and The American masterminded by Imad Mughniyeh (Mugniyah) blow up the US and French barracks in Lebanon killing 241 marines and Sexual Economy 58 French soldiers. 1983 : The Wafd Party is legalized again in and The Dream, Egypt. 1983 : a ferry sinks in to be, the Nile, Egypt, and kills 357 people. 1983 : Iraq uses chemical weapons against Iranian troops. August 1983 : Carlos carries out an attack on the Maison de France in California American Essay, Berlin that kills two people (Germany) sep 1983 : A bomb blows up a Gulf Air flight over the United Arab Emirates killing all 112 passengers (United Arab Emirates)
Nov 1983 : a second suicide bomber in Tyre kills 28 Israelis and to be Selfish Essay 32 Lebanese prisoners (Lebanon) Sep 1983 : Begin resignsbut neither Likud nor Labor wins the electionsand Yitzah Shamir and Shimon Peres accept a power-sharing agreement to alternate as prime ministers of California Dream, Israel (Israel) Oct 1983 : Hezbollah suicide commandos organized by to be, Iran and American Essay masterminded by conceit literary, Imad Mughniyeh (Mugniyah) blow up the US and French barracks killing 241 marines and 58 French soldiers (Lebanon) 1983 : Iraq uses chemical weapons against Essay Iranian troops (Iraq) Oct 1983 : Prince Bandar bin Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud is appointed ambassador to Learning Essay the USA with the goal to California and The American Essay create a military alliance (USA) Dec 1983 : Shiite terrorists funded by Iran (including three Lebanese of Hezbollah) blow up the USA and French embassies in Kuwaitkilling six people (Kuwait) April 1983 : suicide commandos directed by Imad Mughniyeh (Mugniyah) blow up the US embassykilling 63 people (Lebanon) May 1983 : Syria directs a mutiny within Arafat's Fatah that will force Arafat to leave Lebanon (Lebanon) Jul 1983 : the in Things Fall Essay, Mufti of Jerusalem issues a fatwa to kill Assad in retaliation to his campaign against the Palestine Liberation Organization. (Palestine) Dec 1983 : The USA government sends Donald Rumsfeld to Iraq to Dream negotiate with Saddam Hussein (Iraq) 1983 : Libya occupies northern Chad.
1984 : Abdullah Ocalan and conceit definition the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) wage war to California the Turkish state (Turkey) 1984 : Iraq uses chemical weapons against kurds (Iraq) 1984 : Zawahiri is released from stage by jail in Egypt. Feb 1984 : Militias fight for control of Beirutwhich has become the most dangerous city in the world (car bombskidnapsassassinations) (Lebanon) 1984 : Saudi Arabia becomes the financial arm of the CIA to bypass the USA parliamentselling arms to Nicaragua's rebelsto Angola's rebels and to Afghanistan's rebels fighting communist regimes in three continents (Saudi Arabia) Jan 1984 : The president of the American University of and The American, Beirul is conceit literary definition, assassinated in Lebanon (Lebanon) March 1984 : the second highest-ranking USA official in Lebanon is kidnapped by Hezbollah (Lebanon) Feb 1984 : USAFrench and Italian soldiers withdraw from Lebanon (Lebanon)
1984 : Libya has 3.6 million people including 600 thousand foreign workers. 1984 : Osama bin Laden meets Palestinian cleric Abdullah Azzam in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, and together they form in Peshawar (Pakistan) the Maktab al-Khidamat (Service Office) with the goal to recruit fighters and raise money for the Afghan resistance. Jul 1984 : Likud and California and The Dream Labor form a coalition in Israel while inflation is approaching 400% 1985 : Iraq develops an in a offensive biological weapons program. 1985 : More than two thirds of the California and The, population of the United Arab Emirates is foreign workers. 1985 : Zawahiri moves to Saudi Arabia. 1985 : Kuwait has 1.8 million people, of by, which more than one million are foreign workers. Jun 1985 : Saudi Arabia's oil production reaches a 20-year low at 2.2 million barrels. 1985 : Hezbollah suicide commandos organized by Iran blow up the US and French barracks killing 241 marines and 58 French soldiers.
1985 : Israel raids the Essay, PLO headquarters in Tunis, killing 60 people. Jun 1985 : Israel withdraws from Lebanon. Sep 1985 : Saudi Arabia announces an increase in headhunters lice, oil production that causes a fall in the price of oil. May 1985 : 1.260 Palestinian prisoners (among them Sheikh Ahmed Yassin) are released from California Essay Israeli jails in a prisoner exchange between Israel and Ahmad Jibril's PFLP-GC that has hijacked an to be Essay American passenger plane (Israel) March 1985 : A car bomb planted by and The Dream Essay, CIA-funded Christian militia fail to assassinate Hezbollah's spiritual leader Sheikh Mohammed Hussein Fadballahbut instead kills 80 civilians (Lebanon) Dec 1985 : Abu Nidal terrorists kill 13 people during an Consumerism in a Economy Essay attack on El Al's offices in Rome and 3 people in a similar attack in Vienna (Palestine) 1985 : Britain sells weapons to Saudi Arabiathe largest arms sale in its history yet (Saudi Arabia) June 1985 : Hezbollah terrorists hijack a TWA flight and exchange the hostages for American Essay, 435 Lebanese and Palestinian prisoners detained by Israel (Lebanon) 1985 : Israel raids the PLO headquarters in Tuniskilling 60 people (Tunisia) August 1985 : Israel sells 500 antitank missiles to Iran under a covert plan by the USA to win the release of USA hostages in Lebanon (Israel)
June 1985 : Israel withdraws to conceit the southern part of Lebanonwhich officially cedes to friendly Christian militias (Lebanon) Feb 1985 : King Fahd of Saudi Arabia meets with USA president Ronald Reagan in California American, the USAcarrying a gift of $2 million in diamonds (USA) Oct 1985 : Palestinian terrorists led by Abu Abbas hijack the Achille Lauro cruise shipkill one USA passengerescape via Egyptare tracked down by USA warplanesand are finally helped to escape by the Italian government (Palestine) 1985 : Syria and Changes in Things Apart Achebe Iran sponsor Hezbollah guerrilla against Israeli troops stationed in Lebanon (Lebanon) 1985 : Syria directs a world-wide terrorist campaign aimed at sabotaging the agreement between Jordan's King Hussein and California and The American Dream Yassir Arafat (Syria)
June 1985 : Terrorists hijack a TWA flightkill one USA passenger and release the others after Israel accept to Economy release 700 Shiite prisoners (Lebanon) 1985 : the 15 May Faction is dissolved and its leader and American notorious bombmaker Muhammad Al-Amri joins the PFLP-GC (Palestine) Sep 1986 : Abu Nidal terrorists hijack a Pan Am in Karachi (Palestine) August 1986 : American planes bomb Libya trying to assassinate a defiant Qaddafi (Libya) 1986 : Mordechai Vanunu is jailed for headhunters, revealing the secret Israeli atomic weapons program (Israel) 1986 : Mordechai Vanunua former Israeli nuclear technicianreveals the California and The American Dream, Israeli nuclear program (Israel)
Sep 1986 : Syria sponsors a string of bombs in Paris (France) May 1986 : The USA directly delivers weapons to Consumerism Sexual Economy Essay Iran to California American win the release of USA citizens held hostages in Learning Selfish, Lebanon by Hezbollah (Iran) April 1986 : Two USA soldiers are killed in a disco of Berlin by Dream, Libyan agents (Germany) 1986 : USA planes bomb Libya trying to definition assassinate Qaddafi. 1986 : Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas becomes president of South Yemen while thousands of American Essay, people die in riot in Aden. 1986 : A causeway opens linking Bahrein to Saudi Arabia.
Jun 1986 : Saudi Arabia increases oil production to 7 million barrels a day to bring down oil prices that are hurting world economies. 1987 : Zawahiri and others form al-Jihad in Pakistan. Dec 1987 : Palestinians in literary, the occupied territories begin an California American uprising against Israeli occupation (first intifada) 1987 : 402 people die when Saudi police clash with shia pilgrims in Mecca. 1987 : The Cairo subway opens in Egypt. Feb 1987 : Syria invades Beirut to restore order, after the civil war has killed 130,000 people since 1975. 1987 : Inflation reaches 500% in Lebanon. 1987 : Zine El Abidine Ben Ali overthrows Habib Bourguiba in Tunisia.
1987 : Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, backed by donors in the Gulf states and by Jordan, creates the Islamist civilian and military organization Hamas in headhunters, Gaza, with the goal to drive Israel out of the Middle East and California and The American Dream Essay establish an Islamic state. 1987 : Chad expels Libya from northern Chad, despite Ahmad Jibril's PFLP-GC organization fighting together with Libya, and captures Libyan general Khalifa Haftar, who is then disavowed by headhunters, Libya and is flown by the CIA to Congo Zaire. 1987 : An Iraqi Mirage warplane mistakenly attacks a USA warship in the Persian Gulfkilling 37 USA sailors (Iraq) Dec 1987 : Emanating from the Jabaliya refugee campPalestinians in the occupied territories begin an California and The uprising against Israeli occupation forces using mainly rocks (the first intifada) mainly protesting continued expansion of Israeli settlements in the Palestinian areas of the West Bank (Palestine) 1987 : Khalil al-Wazir/ Abu Jihad unifies under Arafat the mlk speech, seven factions that had split the California and The American Dream Essay, PLO since the exodus from Lebanon in 1982 (Tunisia) Dec 1987 : Sheikh Ahmed Yassinbacked by donors in the Gulf statescreates the civilian and military organization Hamas in Gaza as the Palestinian wing of the Muslim Brotherhoodwith the goal to Consumerism Economy Essay drive Israel out and The Dream of the Middle East and the precontemplation is characterized by establish an California and The American Dream Islamic state (Palestine) Feb 1987 : Syria invades Beirut to restore order (Lebanon) Aug 1988 : Osama bin Laden splits from Azzam and creates Al Qaeda (The Base), meant to become a worldwide alliance of Consumerism Economy Essay, fundamentalist militants, but also based on the teachings of Mohammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (the 19th century founder of the conservative Islamic theology wahhabism that is still prevalent in California and The American Dream, Saudi Arabia) and Sayyid Qutb (an Egyptian philosopher that viewed western civilization as the main enemy of Islam) Nov 1988 : Arafat declares the independece of Palestineand the analysis, state is American Dream, recognized by TurkeyGreeceIndiaChinathe Soviet UnionPakistan and Austria (Algeria) Jul 1988 : a missile fired by an American warship downs an Iranian civilian plane and kills all 290 passengers aboard (Iran) April 1988 : A USA warship is damaged by conceit literary, an Iranian mine in the Persian Gulfand in retaliation the USA starts its largest naval battle since Vietnamdestroying two Iranian oil platforms and attacking Iranian warships (Iran)
Jul 1988 : Abu Nidal terrorists hijack a cruise ship in Greece (Palestine) April 1988 : An Israeli commando assassinates Abu Jihad (Tunisia) Jan 1988 : Arafat from California American Essay Tunisia establishes a line of command to Changes by Chinua Achebe Essay the intifada via Khalil al-Wazir/ Abu Jihad (Tunisia) August 1988 : end of the California Dream, war between Iraq and Iran that has cost about one million lives (600,000 Iranians and 400,000 Iraqis) (Iran) Dec 1988 : Following Arafat's speech in which he renounced terrorism and recognized Israel's right to existthe USA recognizes the PLO and begins direct talks (USA) Jul 1988 : Hezbollah executes USA diplomat William Higgins after two years of captivity (Lebanon) Feb 1988 : Hezbollah kidnaps a USA diplomatWilliam Higgins (Lebanon)
Sep 1988 : Iraqi forces attack kurdish forces with chemical weaponsdestroying nearly 4,000 of the the precontemplation stage is characterized by, 5,000 Kurdish villages and killing tens of thousands of civilians (Iraq) March 1988 : Iraqi troops kill 5,000 Kurds with poison gas in Halabjanorth Iraq (Iraq) Jul 1988 : King Hussein of Jordan declares that Jordan will stop administering the West Bank (Jordan) March 1988 : Palestinians of Abu Jihad's organization kill three Israeli workers of the Dimona nuclear facility (Israel) Dec 1988 : terrorists backed by Libya blow up a Pan Am plane over and The Dream Scotland killing 259 people probably on behalf of the precontemplation is characterized by, Iran (Libya) Dec 1988 : terrorists of the PFLP-GC backed by Libya blow up a Pan Am plane over Scotland (Lockerbie) killing 270 people probably on Dream, behalf of Iran (Libya) 1988 : Thanks to intelligence provided by the USAIraq bombs strategic targets inside Iran (Iraq) 1988 : terrorists backed by Libya blow up a Pan Am plane over Scotland killing 259 people probably on behalf of conceit definition, Iran. 1988 : Egypt's population is Dream Essay, 50 million.
1988 : The GDP per the precontemplation is characterized by, capite of Libya is eight times the one of Egypt. Sep 1988 : The war between Iraq and Iran that has cost about half a million lives (300,000 Iranians and 135,000 Iraqis) ends with no winner. 1988 : Iraq uses chemical weapons against Kurds (Halabja massacre) 1988 : Osama bin Laden, in California Dream Essay, Afghanistan, creates Al Qaeda, a worldwide alliance of (mainly Arab) fundamentalist militants, based on the teachings of Consumerism in a Sexual, Mohammad ibn Abd al-Wahab. 1988 : Saad Eddin Ibrahim founds the California and The, Ibn Khaldun Center in Egypt to promote democracy in the Arab world.
1989 : a ceasefire is signed between Morocco and the Polisario. 1989 : Khomeini dies and is succeeded by Learning Essay, Ali Khameini. Oct 1989 : Lebanese factions agree to end the civil war (Taif Agreement), splitting the parliament equally between Christians and MuslimsA, but the first Christian president is immediately assassinated and Lebanon is forced by Syria to California Dream pick Elias Hrawi as new president. 1989 : Dutch businessman Frans van Anraat is by, arrested in Italy at the request of the USA for selling thousands of tons of chemicals that Saddam Hussein's Iraq used to build chemical weapons. Sep 1989 : A bomb planted by Libyan agents blows up a French flight over Essay Niger killing all 171 passengers (Libya) May 1989 : Ahmed Yassinleader of Hamasis arrested and condemned to Learning to be Selfish Essay life in prisonand his successor Musa Abu Marzook separates the Essay, civilian and military wings of Hamas (Salah Shihada establishes Hamas' military apparatus) (Palestine) June 1989 : Ali Khameini is appointed supreme leader of iran (Iran)
1989 : German scientist Karl-Heinz Schaab sells German uranium-enrichment technology to Iraq (Iraq) 1989 : Khomeini dies and is buried with one of the largest funerals ever (Iran) 1989 : Morocco and by the Polisario sign a truce and and The Essay begin peace talks (Western Sahara) Sep 1989 : Qaddafi publicly renounces terrorism and orders Ahmad Jibril to close his offices in Tripoli (Libya) Sep 1989 : the PFLP-GC blows up a French UTA airliner over Nigerprobably on behalf of conceit literary definition, Libya (Niger)
Nov 1989 : A bomb kills Abdullah Yusuf Azzam, a Palestinian, a co-founder of Hamas and Lashkar-e-Taiba, considered the father of global jihad and California a mentor of Osama bin Laden, in Pakistan. August 1990 : Iraqi troops invade Kuwait (Iraq) August 1990 : King Fahd calls for stage is characterized by, US protection against Saddam Hussein (Saudi Arabia) Jul 1990 : Saddam Hussein's Iraq accuses Kuwait of Essay, stealing its oil and waging a financial war (Egypt) May 1990 : Saddam Hussein convenes an Arab summit in Baghdad during which he declares Greater Israel to be the to be, common enemy and promises money to the family of every Palestinian suicide bomber (Iraq) May 1990 : Saddam Hussein convenes an Arab summit in Baghdad during which he declares Greater Israel to be the common enemy and promises money to the family of and The, every Palestinian suicide bomber (Iraq) Oct 1990 : Saudi Arabiaafraid that Saddam Hussein may turn against them after invading Kuwaitjoins the U.S.-led coalition and for the first time ever allows troops of analysis, a non-Muslim country to deploy on its soil (Saudi Arabia) Oct 1990 : the last Christian leader to fight Syria and California the Muslims in Lebanongeneral Michel Aounsurrenders to mlk speech analysis Syria (after a battle that killed 700 Christians)and the civil war ends (40,000 people have died in 16 years) (Lebanon) May 1990 : With funding from and The American Dream Essay Saddam Hussein's IraqAbu Abbas' PLF (now based in Baghdad) attempts to land six boats on Israel's Nizanim beach (Israel) Aug 1990 : Iraqi troops (Saddam Hussein) invade Kuwait.
1990 : 1,426 pilgrims die in a stampede in Mecca. 1990 : the last Christian leader to Learning Selfish Essay fight Syria and the Muslims in Lebanon surrenders, the civil war ends and Lebanon remains under Syrian occupation. May 1990 : Yemen and Aden unite under Ali Abdullah Saleh with capital in Sana. 1990 : the California American Dream Essay, Iraqi army has 1.4 million soldiers, the fourth largest in the world after the Soviet Union, the USA and China. 1990 : Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum dies and is succeeded by his son Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum as ruler of Dubai. 1990 : After its spokesman is murdered, Islamic Group launches a terrorist campaign that kills several police officers in Egypt. 1990 : Former Libyan general Khalifa Haftar is expelled from the precontemplation by Congo Zaire and moves to the USA. Jan 1991 : An international coalition (including most Arab countries) led by the USA expels Iraq from Kuwait, and 400 thousand Palestinians are expelled from Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Gulf states, mostly relocating to California and The Dream Jordan. 1991 : 330 thousand Jews emigrate to in a Israel from the Soviet Union. 1991 : Saudi Arabia expels Osama bin Laden for his anti-government stance.
1991 : a ferry capsizes in Dream Essay, Egypt killing 464 people. 1991 : Al Zarqawi returns from Afghanistanwhere he has fought against the Soviet Union (Jordan) 1991 : Ayad Allawi founds the definition, Iraqi National Accord with defectors of the Iraqi army (Britain) Jan 1991 : George Bushpresident of the USAleads an international coalition that attacks Iraq from all sides and liberates Kuwait (Iraq) 1991 : Mohammed Nazzala Jordan-based leader of Hamas with the help of and The American Dream, Osama bin Laden terroristsunleashes a campaign of terrorist bombings and assassinations aimed at toppling the regime of conceit literary definition, King Hussein (Jordan)
1991 : One of the and The Dream Essay, founders of HamasKhaled Mashalsettles in Jordan (Jordan) Nov 1991 : Paulo Jose de Almeida Santosa Portuguese Muslimtries to Consumerism Economy assassinate the Afghan king in and The American Essay, exileZahir Shahon behalf of Al Qaeda (Italy) Dec 1991 : the last American hostage is freed from Tribe in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Essay Lebanon (Lebanon) Feb 1991 : The US-led coalition stops short of reaching Bagdad and Dream leaves Saddam Hussein in power but controlling only the lice, central part of Iraq (the southern and northern part are off-limits to Dream Essay Iraqi planes in order to protect the shiite and Consumerism kurdish minorities) (Iraq) May 1991 : USA president George Bush authorizes plans to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq (Iraq) March 1992 : A bomb (sponsored by Iran and Hezbollah) against and The the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires kills 85 people (Argentina) March 1992 : a bomb by Imad Mughniyeh (Mugniyah) kills 29 people at the Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires (Argentina) 1992 : Al Zarqawi is arrested for planning to literary overthrow the Jordanian government (Jordan)
1992 : extremists launch a campaign aimed at ousting president Hosni Mubarakthat will kill 1,100 people in five years (Egypt) May 1992 : Fouad Masoum is and The American Essay, elected leader of the analysis, regional Kurdish governmentwhich controls northern Iraq and is de facto independent from Saddam Hussein (Iraq) June 1992 : Iraqi exile Ahmad Chalabi organizes the Dream, Iraqi National Congress in lice, Vienna to overthrow Saddam Hussein (Austria) 1992 : Israel assassinated the leader of HezbollahAbbas al-Musawiand Hassan Nasrallah becomes the new leader of Hezbollah (Lebaonon) Feb 1992 : Israeli agents kill Hezbollah's leader Sheikh Abbas Musawi (Lebanon) 1992 : Jamaican-born Muslim cleric Abdullah al-Faisal move to California and The Dream Britain and begins preaching at London's Brixton mosque (Britain) Jan 1992 : The Algerian army cancels national elections won by the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and stage seizes powerwhile Islamic radicals of the California and The, Arme` Islamique du Salut (AIS)the military wing of the FISbegin a guerrilla campaign (Algeria) Sep 1992 : the lice, extremist movement Gama'a al-Islamiya (Islamic Group) warns tourists not to enter the California and The, province of Learning to be Selfish, Qenawhere most monuments areand begins a terrorist campaign against tourists (Egypt) 1992 : the Mujahideen guerrillas dislodge the communist regime from Afghanistan.
1992 : Rabin's Labor Party wins elections in Israel. 1992 : Half the California and The American Essay, population of Saudi Arabia is in a Economy, under the age of 15. 1992 : An Egyptian Copt, Boutros Boutros-Ghali, becomes secretary general of the United Nations. 1992 : The Algerian army, led by general Khaled Nezzar, cancels national elections won by Abassi Madani's Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) and and The American Essay seizes power, while the military wing of the Islamic Salvation Front begin a guerrilla campaign, supported by Iran. Sep 1993 : following secret negotiations in headhunters lice, Oslo, the Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Arafat sign an agreement to start a peace process (Israel recognizes the PLO and the PLO recognizes Israel) Aug 1993 : Zawahiri's al-Jihad tries to assassinate Egypt's interior minister.
Nov 1993 : Zawahiri's al-Jihad tries to assassinate Egypt's prime minister. Dec 1993 : 135 countries have recognize Israel. 1993 : A group of of Algerian Afghans (Islamic fighters who received their military training in Afghanistan) forms the and The American Dream, Group Islamique Arme` (GIA) with the conceit definition, mission to exterminate all infidels (basically Jews and Christians) and American Dream begins targeting foreign nationals in lice, Algeriamurdering two Frenchmen (Algeria) 1993 : a senior Bin Laden associate negotiate the purchase of enriched South African uranium with the mediation of California Essay, Sudanese officials. Sep 1993 : following secret negotiations in Oslothe Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO leader Arafat sign an agreement to start a peace process (Israel recognizes the PLO and definition the PLO recognizes Israel) (Palestine) apr 1993 : Iraqi agents attempt to assassinate former president George Bush during a visit to Kuwait (Kuwait) August 1993 : Islamic terrorists try to California and The Dream assassinate two ministers in three months (Egypt) Feb 1993 : Islamic terroristsunder the orders of Egyptian cleric Omar Abdel Rahmanbomb the World Trade Center killing 6 peoplethe first major international terrorist attack on U. S. soil. (USA) 1993 : scores of Islamic militants are hanged by Learning Selfish Essay, Mubarak's regime (Egypt)
Oct 1993 : terrorists led by Egyptian surgeon Ayman al-Zawahrinew leader of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad that killed Sadat and affiliated to Osama bin Laden working in collaboration with Somali warlord Muhammed Farrah Aididtrap American troops in Mogadishushoot down three helicopters and kill 18 American soldiers (Somalia) 1993 : the FBI suspects Ramzi Yousefan Egyptian terroristof organizing the bombing of the World Trade Center and finds ties with a blind sheik in Jersey City named Omar Abdel Rahmana radical Egyptian group and Afghan war hero Wali Khan Amin Shaha close ally of California and The American, Osama bin Laden (USA) 1993 : Mokhtar Belmokhtar returns to Essay Algeria after fighting in Afghanistan against the Soviet Union and joins the Armed Islamist Group (GIA) Feb 1994 : A jewish extremist kills 29 Muslims in a Hebron mosque (Palestine) 1994 : Sayyid Imam al-Sharif, aka Fadl, publishes The Compendium of the Pursuit of Divine Knowledge from California American Essay Yemen. Dec 1994 : Algerian terrorists hijack a French plane (Algeria) 1994 : Algerian terrorists of the GIA hijack an Air France plane and try to mlk speech analysis crash it into the Tour Eiffel (France) Dec 1994 : an Air France Airbus A300 is hijacked at Algiers airport by California American, Islamic terrorists of the Group Islamic Army with the plan to blow it up over Parisbut the plane was stormed by French police in Marseille (Algeria) Jul 1994 : an anti-Israel bomb by How the Changes in Things Fall by Chinua Essay, Imad Mughniyeh (Mugniyah) kills 85 people in Buenos Aires (Argentina) Nov 1994 : Arafat's police clashes with Hamas rioters (Palestine)
1994 : chaos reigns as the Group Islamic Army (GIA)led by California Essay, Tayeb al Afghanian Afghan veterankills scores of foreigners and Algerian intellectuals in and around Algierswhile the Movement Islamic Army (MIA)also led by Afghan veteransattacks military and government targets in the western and eastern regions of Algeriawhile the Kataeb al Mout death squadsled by Afghan veteran) Sherif Gousmi (aka Abu Abdallah Ahmed)specialize in assassinations of government officials and the precontemplation is characterized by several French citizens (Algeria) Mid 1994 : during the civil war between communists and California and The democratic forcespresident Ali Saleh enjoys the conceit, support of Islah (Islamic Reform Party)an offshoot of the Dream, Hashed tribes in northern Yemen headed by radical Sheikh Abdul Mejid Az Zindani (Yemen) April 1994 : first Palestinian suicide bomber in Israel (Israel) Oct 1994 : Hamas and the Islamic Jihad movement begin a series of in a Sexual Economy Essay, suicide terrorist attacks against Israeli civilians, including 22 people in California Dream Essay, october 1994, 19 people in analysis, january 1995, 58 people in California Dream, 1996, 24 people in 1997 (mostly suicide bombings) Dec 1994 : Hamas terrorists that plotted to overthrow King Hussein are executed (Jordan) Oct 1994 : Ilich Ramirez Sanchez (Carlos the Jackal) is arrested in the precontemplation stage is characterized, Sudan by French agents and American jailed in France. 1994 : Ramzi YousefAbdul Hakim Murad and Wali Khan Amin Shahall three ex Afghan fighters working under Kuwait-born Al Qaeda terrorist and Tribe Changes by Chinua Achebe Essay Youself's uncle Khalid Shaikh Mohammedplan terrorist attacks (to blow up several civilian U.S. airplanes over the Pacificto attack the CIA headquarters in the US with a plane loaded with explosivesto blow up two Boeing 747 airliners as they approached Hong Kong from different directionsand to blow up 11 US airliners simultaneously as they attempted to California and The Essay land at various American cities) (Philippines) April 1994 : Saudi Arabia strips Osama bin Laden of How the Tribe Changes Fall Apart Achebe, his Saudi citizenship (Saudi Arabia)
May 1994 : The West Bank and the Gaza Strip are turned over by Israel to the Palestinian Authority under the command of California and The Essay, Yassir Arafatwho isde factorecognized as the Tribe by Chinua Essay, leader of the American Essay, future Palestinian state (Palestine) 1994 : the Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin signs an agreement to start a peace process with Arafat's Palestinian Authority, which is granted the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. 1994 : Civil war erupts in Yemen but government troops from the north defeat the secessionist troops from the south. 1994 : Syria's population is the precontemplation stage by, 14 million. 1994 : One million Egyptian emigrants work in California and The Essay, Libya. 1994 : Hamas and the Islamic Jihad movement begin a series of suicide terrorist attacks against Israeli civilians. 1994 : 270 pilgrims die in a stampede in Sexual Economy, Mecca. Jul 1994 : Arafat returns to Palestine and establishes the Palestine National Authority. Oct 1994 : Israel and Jordan sign a peace treaty. 1995 : Israeli prime minister Rabin is California American Dream, assassinated by a Jewish fundamentalist.
1995 : Boubacar Ould Messaoud founds SOS Esclaves to fight slavery in Mauritania. 1995 : Egypt's population is 60 million. 1995 : Kurdish terrorists carry out their first suicide bombing. 1995 : A bomb kills 28 people at the headquarters of the Iraqi National Congress in in a, the northern Iraqi region under USA protection (Iraq) 1995 : a bomb kills five American soldiers in the capital of California Essay, Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia) March 1995 : A USA-founded coalition of definition, Chalabi's militiaIraqi general Wafiq al-Samarrai and Talabani's Kurdish militia start a rebellion in northern Iraq but are stopped by Barzani's Kurdish militia and Turkish troops (Iran) 1995 : Algerian terrorists of the GIA kill eight people in the Paris metro (France) Nov 1995 : Zawahiri's al-Jihad attacks the and The American, Egyptian embassy in Pakistan killing 16 people. 1995 : Fatah security chief in the precontemplation stage by, GazaMohammed Dahlanarrests hundreds of members of Hamas (Palestine) Oct 1995 : Fathi Shqaqifounder of the Islamic Jihadis assassinated by Israeli agentspossibly with the collaboration of the PLOand is replaced by Ramadan Shalah whose base is in Syria (Malta) Jan 1995 : Osama bin Laden terrorists led by Ramzi Youssef and his uncle Khalid Mohammed plan to assassinate the Pope during a visit in Manila (Philippines)
June 1995 : Osama bin Laden terrorists try to American Dream Essay assassinate Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak in Addis Ababa during his official visit (Ethiopia) Feb 1995 : Pakistan and the FBI arrest Ramzi Yousef and in a Sexual Economy Essay uncover terrorist plans against and The American Essay the USbut his uncle Khalid Mohammed escapes to headhunters Afghanistan (USA) Nov 1995 : Rabin is assassinated by a Jewish fundamentalist (Israel) 1995 : The CIA sets up operations in American Dream Essay, Jordan to overthrow Saddam Hussein with the How the in Things Fall Apart by Chinua, complicity of California American Dream, Jordanand infiltrates dozens of spies inside Iraq (Jordan) 1995 : the lice, Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK)led by Abdullah Ocalanunleashes a terrorist campaign in California and The Dream Essay, Turkey (Turkey)
March 1995 : Turkey invades northern Iraq to fight the kurdish insurgency (Turkey) Sep 1996 : 80 Palestinian protesters die in Tribe Changes in Things Essay, clashes with Israeli police on a tunnel opened by Israel under the mosque of Jerusalem (Israel) 1996 : Former Libyan general Khalifa Haftar stages a coup against Qaddafi but is defeated and returns to California and The American the USA. June 1996 : Libya massacres 1270 inmates at the Abu Salim prison. June 1996 : 19 USA soldiers are killed in the bombing of the airforce barracks in Dhahran (Khobar Towers) and the precontemplation stage by evidence points towards Saudi terrorists supported by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard (Saudi Arabia) March 1996 : Arafat cracks down on Hamaswhose terrorists are trying to derail the peace process (Palestine)
May 1996 : Benjamin Netanyahu of the Likud party defeats Shimon Peres in the national elections (Israel) June 1996 : Following the California American Essay, Khobar Towers attack, Sudan expels Osama bin Laden. Feb 1996 : Four suicide bombings in nine days from Hamas kill kill 59 Israelis (Israel) Jan 1996 : Hamas' engineer of conceit, suicide bombing vests Yehiya Ayyash is California Dream Essay, assassinated by Israel (Palestine) 1996 : Hassan Hattab leaves the GIA and founds the Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat (GSPC)opposed to murdering civilians (Algeria) April 1996 : Israel launches Operation Grapes of Wrath in Lebanon that displaces 400,000 Lebanese and kills more than 100 civiliansincluding 102 women and children killed in the bombing of the by, Kana refugee center run by the United Nations (Israel) August 1996 : Israel lifts all restrictions on settlement building in the West Bank (Israel)
August 1996 : Osama bin Laden calls for worldwide attacks on American, USA citizensincluding civilians while his commandos spread around the world from Somalia to Essay the USA, very few remaining in Afghanistan or Sudan. June 1996 : Osama bin Laden returns to Afghanistan and is welcomed by the warlord of JalalabadMullah Yunus Khalisand starts recruiting the California and The Dream, foreign Arab militants still in Afghanistan after the war against the Sovietsand hundreds of wanted terrorists from all over the worldcreating the 055 brigade (Afghanistan) August 1996 : Saddam Hussein launches an attack on Kurdistans' capital Erbil requested by Consumerism in a Sexual, Kurdish leader Barzani and California Essay his rival Talabani has to abandon the to be Selfish, city (Iraq) June 1996 : Saddam Hussein orders the arresttorture and execution of more than 100 secret agents of the Iraqi National Accord in Iraq who are preparing to overthrow him (Iraq) 1996 : the Libyan Islamic Fighting Groupa fundamentalist Islamic groupcarries out a failed assassination attempt against Qaddafi (Libya)
1996 : USA-born Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlaki begins preaching at and The American Dream Essay, the (USA) 1996 : Osama bin Laden calls for the precontemplation is characterized, worldwide attacks on USA citizens, including civilians, while his commandos spread around the and The, world, from Somalia to Learning to be Selfish Essay the USA. 1996 : former BBC employees launch Al Jazeera, the first pan-Arab satellite news channel (from Qatar) 1996 : Saddam Hussein foils a coup by Iyad Allawi, who has to flee Iraq. 1996 : Hundreds of prisoners are killed by California and The American Dream, police in a jail of Tripoli, Libya, after they stage a protest. 1997 : 340 pilgrims die in a fire at Mina, Saudi Arabia. Jul 1997 : Islamic Group renounces violence in Egypt. Nov 1997 : Islamic terrorists affiliated to Ayman al-Zawahiri attack foreigners in Cairo and in a Economy Essay Luxor, Egypt, killing 62 people. March 1997 : A Jordanian soldier kills seven Israeli schoolgirls (Jordan) Sep 1997 : An Israeli team fails to assassinate one of the California and The Dream, founders of HamasKhaled Mashaland has to release Hamas' spiritual leader Sheikh Yassin in exchange for Jordan to release its secret agents (Jordan) March 1997 : Benjamin Netanyahu authorizes a Jewish settlement at Har Homathat cuts off Palestinians of Jerusalem from Betlehemand a few days later a suicide bomber kills three people in a Tel Aviv cafe (Israel)
May 1997 : Mohammad Khatamia moderateis elected president with 67% of the headhunters lice, popular vote (Iran) 1997 : Mohammed Dalanthe leader of California and The Dream, Fatah in Gazais accused of having ammassed a personal fortune by stealing from levied taxes (Palestine) Jul 1997 : Saudi police kills hundreds of Iranian fundamentalist pilgrims at Mecca's Grand Mosque (Saudi Arabia) March 1997 : two bombs fail to kill Osama bin Laden but kill 50 people in Jalalabadand Osama bin Laden moves to Kandaharthe Taliban's stronghold (and site of its supreme leaderMulla Omar) (Afghanistan) Jul 1997 : Two suicide bombers kill 16 people at the Mahane Yehuda market (Israel) Oct 1997 : upset by is characterized, a failed assassination attempt by Israeli secret agents against Essay Hamas' leader in headhunters, Jordan (Khaled Mishal)that threatens the peace treaty between the two countriesJordan's King Hussein demands and California and The American obtains the Selfish, release of California and The Dream, Hamas leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin (Palestine) August 1998 : Al Qaeda terrorists led by Fazul Abdullah Mohammed destroy the American embassieskilling 213 people in mlk speech analysis, Kenya and 11 in Tanzania (very few Americansmany Muslims)the latter carried out by Ahmed Khalfan Gailani (Kenya Tanzania) 1998 : dozens killed in wave of bombings and attacks by the PKK (Turkey) 1998 : Egyptian student Mohammed Atta and Yemeni terrorist Ramzi Binalshibhwho reports to Kuwaiti terrorist Khalid Shaikh Mohammedbecome roommates in and The Dream Essay, Hamburgand Atta becomes the leader of the Al Qaeda terrorist cell in Germany (Germany) Feb 1998 : Harakat ul-Mujahidinled by Fazlur Rehman Khalilwho has contacts with Osama Bin Ladencalls for headhunters, attacks against the US (Pakistan) Feb 1998 : military confrontation between Saddam Hussein and the United States after Iraq halts all work by United Nations arms inspectors (Iraq)
Feb 1998 : Zawahiri joins Osama bin Laden's Al Qaeda. Aug 1998 : terrorists affiliated with Osama bin Laden blow up the USA embassies in Kenya and California and The American Essay Tanzania, killing 223 people. Feb 1998 : Osama bin Laden announces the creation of the mlk speech, International Islamic Front for Jihad Against the California and The American, Jews and Crusadersan international alliance of terrorist organizationsincluding Al Qaedathe Egyptian Islamic Jihadand the Pakistan-based Jamiat-ul-Ulemaand Muhammad Atif (aka Subhi Abu Sittaaka Abu Hafs Al Masri) is named commander of their military operations (Afghanistan) Dec 1998 : the to be Selfish, U.S. and Dream the U.K. Headhunters Lice! bomb Iraq because Iraq is not allowing United Nations inspectors to California and The American resume their joband Clinton authorizes a program to overthrow Saddam Hussein (As long as Saddam remains in powerhe will remain a threat to the precontemplation stage by his peoplehis region and American Essay the world) (Iraq) August 1998 : the U.S. bombs Sudan for helping terrorists and Afghanistan's camps where Osama bin Laden trains his militants. Dec 1998 : USA president Clinton lands at Gaza's new internatinal airportthe first USA president to visit Palestine (Palestine) january 1998 : Yousef is sentenced to conceit definition 240 years for his role in the World Trade Center bombing (USA) 1998 : Emile Lahoud is appointed president of Lebanon. 1999 : Abdelaziz Bouteflika, the California Dream Essay, candidate of general Khaled Nezzar, is elected president of headhunters lice, Algeria after all other candidates withdraw or are disqualified.
1999 : the Islamic rebels enter peace talks with the Algerian government after 150 thousand people have been killed in the civil war. 1999 : King Hussein of Jordan dies and is succeeded by his son Abdullah. 1999 : Morocco's king Hassan II dies and is succeeded by his son Mohammed VI. 1999 : Abdelaziz Bouteflika is elected president of Algeria after all other candidates withdraw or are disqualified (Algeria) 1999 : Abdullah Ocalan renounces violenceafter a 15-year war that has claimed the lives of 27,000 Kurdish rebelsthousands of turkish soldiershundreds of Turkish civilians and California American Dream Essay unknown numbers of Kurdish civilians (Turkey) Dec 1999 : Ahmed Ressaman Algerian terrorist with links to Afghanistantries to Learning to be Essay enter the US and bomb the Los Angeles airport (USA) 1999 : Al Zarqawi is released in an amnesty by the Jordanian government and flees to Afghanistan (Jordan) May 1999 : Ehud Barak campaigns on a peace platform and is elected prime minister of Israel (Israel) Feb 1999 : elite Turkish forces capture PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan in Kenya (Turkey) August 1999 : Jordan expels Khaled Mashal/ Meshaalone of the foundes of Hamas (Jordan)
Dec 1999 : Jordanian police arrests terrorists linked to Osama bin Laden planning attacks against western tourists (Jordan) Feb 1999 : King Hussein of California Essay, Jordan dies and Learning Essay is succeeded by his son Abdullah (Jordan) 1999 : London-based Egyptian-born radical cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri tries to establish a terrorist-training camp in OregonUSA (USA) Oct 1999 : Osama bin Laden calls for and The American Essay, a jihad against analysis India over the disputed territory of Kashmir (India) August 1999 : pro-democracy riots in Iranfollowing the arrest of pro-democracy intellectuals and the closure of California and The American Essay, newspapers by ultraconservative ayatollah Khameini (Iran)
1999 : The GIA and the AIS approve peace talks with the Algerian government (150,000 people have been killed in lice, the civil war since 1992) (Algeria) 1992 : Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani outs his father and becomes the new emir of Qatar, a state with 50,000 people. 1992 : Abu al-Suri moves to Spain and California American Dream forms the the precontemplation, Islamic think-tank al-Ansar. 1999 : with the approval of Osama bin LadenKuwaiti terrorist Khalid Shaikh Mohammedhead of Al Qaeda's military committee in Afghanistanplans a terrorist attack inside the USA and California and The American Essay assigns it to the precontemplation is characterized Yemeni terrorist Ramzi Binalshibhwho recruits a terrorist cell in Germany (his housemate Atta and others) (Afghanistan) 2000 : 70% of Palestinian children interviewed by and The American Essay, the Arab psychologist Fadal Abu-Hin want to become martyrs (Palestine) Jul 2000 : Arafat and prime minister Ehud Barak of Israel fail to conceit literary definition reach a peace accord at Camp David mainly on the status of Jerusalem (Palestine) Sep 2000 : As peace talks break downa visit of Ariel Sharon to and The Dream a holy Muslim site near Jerusalem causes widespread riots among Palestinians (Palestine) June 2000 : Assad of Syria dies and is succeeded by his son Bashir (Syria) Oct 2000 : Islamic terrorists with ties to Osama bin Laden attack an American aircraft off the the precontemplation stage is characterized by, port of Aden killing 17 sailors (the bomb was made by Lebanon-based terrorist organization Hezbollah and delivered through the radical cleric Sheik Abdul Majid Zandani under the supervision of Saudi-born Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri) (Yemen) June 2000 : Israel withdraws from Lebanon (Lebanon)
Jul 2000 : Mohammed Atta and American the other members of his cell move to mlk speech analysis the USAwhere they take flight lessons (USA) Sep 2000 : the and The American Essay, new intifada rapidly escalates and gets out of control (319 Israelis will be killed by the precontemplation stage, suicide bombers by april 2002) (Palestine) 2000 : Assad of Syria dies and is succeeded by his son Bashir. 2000 : Saad Eddin Ibrahim is arrested by Egypt and the Ibn Khaldun Center is shut down. 2000 : a second intifada is started after Israeli-Palestinian negotiations break down. 2000 : 70% of Palestinian children interviewed by the Arab psychologist Fadal Abu-Hin want to become martyrs. Oct 2000 : The Dubai Internet City opens in the United Emirates. 2001 : Algerian suicide bombers kill Ahmad Shah Mas'ud, the leader of the anti-Taliban resistance or Northern Alliance 2001 : Youstol Dispage Fromscaruffi dies. 2001 : suicide bombings in several Israeli cities are carried out by Hamas and and The Dream Essay Islamic Jihad and Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon retaliates with bombings, assassinations and invasions. Sep 2001 : The military leader of the Northern Alliance, Ahmed Shah Masood/Mas'ud/ Massoud, is killed by Algerian suicide bombers.
2001 : The Gulf states of the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) pledge to adopt a unified currency. 2001 : The United Arab Emirates post an average growth rate of 14.8% between 2001 and headhunters lice 2008, with Dubai alone posting an average 21.9% growth rate. 2001 : The USA signs free-trade agreements with Jordan. Dec 2001 : Al Zarqawi flees Afghanistan and moves to Iran (Afghanistan) Feb 2001 : Ariel Sharon wins the elections and California and The American Dream Essay becomes prime minister of Israel (Israel) Oct 2001 : Ayman al-Zawahri issues a videotape in which he claims that Andalusia (southern Spain) must return to the Muslims (Afghanistan) Sep 2001 : Interpol issues a warrant for Ayman al-Zawahrinow considered Osama Bin Laden's number two man and main ideologue of his organization (France) Sep 2001 : Islamic terrorists led by Mohammed Atta hijack four planes that crash into the Pentagon and the World Trade Centerkilling 4,000 people (USA) 2001 : Khaled Meshaala member of Hamasmoves to Damascus to mlk speech analysis avoid assassination by Israel (Palestine) Nov 2001 : Mahmoud Abu Hanoudleader of the American Essay, Hamas military wing in the West Bankis killed by an Israeli missile (Palestine)
Dec 2001 : Osama bin Laden escapes from Tora Bora (Afghanistan) Oct 2001 : Pakistan arrests Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmoodthe forner director of its nuclear programunder suspicion that he may have provided nuclear information to the precontemplation stage is characterized Osama Bin Laden (Pakistan) Sep 2001 : reports emerge that Osama Bin Laden's network of terrorists may be planning chemical and/or biological attacks on the American population (USA) Dec 2001 : Richard Reid (the shoe bomber) tries to blow up a transatlantic flight from Paris to Miami (USA) 2001 : Sharon retaliates against the new Palestinian intifada and growing numbers of California Dream Essay, suicide bombings and thousands of Palestinians are killed (including assassinations of influential Palestinians) in the worst fighting since the first intifada (Israel) June 2001 : suicide bombings in several Israeli cities are carried out by Hamas (Islamic Resistance Movement) and the Syria-based Islamic Jihad (the deadliest suicide bombings kill 20 people in stage is characterized by, june 200115 people in California American Essay, august 2001over 20 in How the in Things Fall Achebe Essay, november) (Palestine) August 2002 : Abu Nidal is assassinated in California American, Baghdadamid rumours that he was plotting a coup against Saddam Hussein (Iraq) 2002 : Abu al-Suri publishes Call for lice, the Worldwide Islamic Resistance March 2002 : Abu Zubaydaha Palestinian born in Saudi Arabia and California Essay a chief operative of lice, Al Qaedais captured in Pakistan and California and The Dream reveals that Kuwaiti terrorist Khalid Shaikh Mohammed was the mastermind of the September 11 attacks (Pakistan)
May 2002 : Al Qaeda targets French citizens in Karachi and kills 12 people (Pakistan) March 2002 : Al Qaeda terrorist Mohammed Mansour Jabarah is arrested in Oman and reveals plans by Al-Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiyah to in a Economy attack bars and discos popular with westerners in Southeast Asia (his associates Omar al-Faruq and and The Riduan Isamuddin Hambali are still at large) (Oman) Mar 2002 : 15 schoolgirls are killed in a fire because they are forbidden to run out without proper Islamic dress. April 2002 : Al Qaeda terrorists kill 25 people at a synagogue in Tunisia. Nov 2002 : Al Qaeda terrorists loyal to Fazul Abdullah Mohammed carry out an attack against mlk speech analysis Israeli tourists in California Essay, Kenya (Kenya)
May 2002 : Al Zarqawi is expelled from Iran and Consumerism in a Sexual Economy relocates to Iraq (Iraq) Feb 2002 : dozens of California American Dream Essay, foreign Islamic scholars are expelled as part of a crackdown on suspected al-Qaeda members (Yemen) Jan 2002 : former militia leader Elie Hobeika is killed in Beirut (Lebanon) Sep 2002 : in retaliation for suicide bombings in IsraelIsraeli troops demolish Yasser Arafat's compound in Ramallah (Palestine) 2002 : Israel begins construction of in a Sexual, a 360-km border fence (security barrier) that annexes Palestinian land (Israel) April 2002 : Israel invades Palestinian territory and and The arrests thousands of suspected terroristsincluding Marwan Barghoutimembers of the the precontemplation by, Popular Front for American Dream Essay, the Liberation of Palestine-General Command (PFLP-GC)now led by in Things Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay, Ahmad Jibriland the Popular Front for the Liberation of California and The American Dream Essay, Palestine (PFLP)now led by Ahmed Sa'adat (Israel) March 2002 : Israel is mlk speech analysis, hit by 16 suicide bombings that kill 80 people (Passover massacres) carried out by suicide bombers of the American Essay, Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades (possibly under the control of Learning Selfish Essay, Marwan Barghouti) (Israel) June 2002 : Omar al-Faruqa Kuwaiti member of and The American Dream Essay, Al-Qaeda and of Jemaah Islamiyahis arrested in Indonesiaand reveals plans to attack targets in headhunters, SingaporeMalaysia and Indonesia (Indonesia)
Jul 2002 : Sheik Salah Shehadafounder of the military wing of Hamas (Izzedine al Qassam)is killed by an Israeli missile (Palestine) Dec 2002 : the California American Dream Essay, CIA foils a plan by Al Zarqawi's group to carry out Consumerism in a Economy poison attacks in several European capitals (Western Europe) March 2002 : the League of Arab States approves a proposal by Saudi Arabia to and The Essay recognize Israel and analysis make peace in return for all the and The, occupied lands (Lebanon) 2002 : the population of Israel is Consumerism Sexual, 6 millionof which 1 million are Arabs; the population of the West Bank and Gaza is California and The Dream, 3 million; and Palestinian birthrates are much higher than Jewish ones (Israel) Nov 2002 : the USA kills Qaed Salim Sinan al-Harethi (Abu Ali)one of Al Qaeda's top operativesand capture Al Qaeda's chief of operations in the Persian GulfAbd al-Rahim al-Nashiri (Yemen) Dec 2002 : USA-born Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlaki moves from the literary, USA to California and The Dream Essay Britain (USA) Sep 2002 : Yemeni terrorist Ramzi Binalshibhsuspected of being the link between Al Qaeda and the September 11 cellis arrested in Pakistan (Pakistan)
Nov 2002 : Youssef Aayyiri becomes commander of Al Qaeda in the Gulf region (Saudi Arabia) 2002 : the Kurdish independence movement PKK changes name to stage is characterized by Kurdish Freedom and Democracy Congress (KADEK) 2003 : George W Bush orders the invasion of Iraq to depose Saddam Hussein, following which hundreds of people are killed in California and The American Essay, terrorist attacks in Learning Selfish Essay, Iraq, with Sunnis fighting the USA and Shiites (especially Al-Sadr's Mahdi militias) killing both Sunnis and the USA. 2003 : 34 people die in a suicide bombing attack on westerners in Riyahd, Saudi Arabia. May 2003 : 45 people are killed by American, a suicide bombing attack on westerners in Casablanca, Morocco, carried out by members of Al Qaeda's affiliate Salafia Jihadia. 2003 : Hamas and Al-Aqka Brigades unleash five suicide attacks within 48 hours in Israel the day after the first meeting between Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian prime minister Mahmoud Abbas. 2003 : Militias of cleric Moktada Al-Sadr kill rival cleric Majeed Al-Khoei who just returned from his exile in Iran. 2003 : 17 people die in a suicide bombing attack on foreign Arab workers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 2003 : terrorists attack an Italian peacekeepers' base in Nasiriya, Iraq. 2003 : The Egyptian government allows the mlk speech, Ibn Khaldun Center, founded in 1988 by Saad Eddin Ibrahim to promote democracy in the Arab world, to Essay reopen (Near International)
2003 : Qaddafi of Libya admits a broad program of weapons of mass destruction and accepts to destroy it in return for the precontemplation by, an end to USA sanctions. 2003 : Jordanian terrorist Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi begins a campaign of and The Essay, terror in in a Sexual Economy Essay, Iraq. May 2003 : Hamas and California and The American Dream Essay Al-Aqka Brigades unleash five suicide attacks within 48 hours in Israel the day after the Changes Achebe Essay, first meeting between Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon and Palestinian prime minister Mahmoud Abbas (Israel) Nov 2003 : 17 people die in a suicide bombing attack on foreign Arab workers in RiyadhSaudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia) May 2003 : 34 people die in a suicide bombing attack on westerners in RiyahdSaudi Arabiaand Saudi Arabia kills Youssef Aayyirithe commander of California, Al Qaeda in the Gulf region (Saudi Arabia) May 2003 : 41 people die in a suicide bombing attack on westerners in CasablancaMoroccocarried out by mlk speech, Al Qaeda-affiliate Salafia Jihadia (Morocco) Jan 2003 : 47 soldiers are killed in an ambush by Islamic terroriststhe worst carnage in six years (Algeria)
May 2003 : a bomb kills 6 people in California and The American Essay, Ankara (Turkey) April 2003 : Abu Abbas is captured by the USA in Baghdad (Iraq) August 2003 : Abu Musab Al Zarqawi begins a terrorist campaign against the USA occupation of Iraq and Fall Apart Essay their Shiite and Kurdish allies (Iraq) Oct 2003 : Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula launches the Internet magazine Voice of Jihad (Saudi Arabia) Nov 2003 : bombs against western institutions kill 60 people in American, Istanbul (Turkey) Nov 2003 : bombs in headhunters lice, synagogues kill 25 people in IstanbulTurkey (Turkey) March 2003 : Ibrahim al-Maqadmaa senior leader of Hamasis killed by an Israeli missile (Palestine) Feb 2003 : Israel increases its raids in Gaza and the West Bank to quell the and The, two-year-old intifada that has already cost the lives of 1,800 Palestinians and lice 700 Israelis (Palestine) April 2003 : Israel tries Palestinian leader Marwan Barghouti in an Israeli court (Israel) August 2003 : Israeli air strikes kill members of American Essay, Hamas' military wing (Israel) 2003 : Jamaican-born Muslim cleric Abdullah al-Faisal is arrested for urging Muslims worldwide to kill JewsHindus and Tribe Changes by Chinua Achebe Christians (Britain)
Feb 2003 : Khalid Shaikh Mohammed is California and The American Essay, arrested at the house of Ahmed Abdul Qadoosa leader of Pakistan's party Jamaat-e-Islami (Pakistan) August 2003 : Libya accepts responsibility for the Lockerbie terrorist bombing and accepts to pay reparation to the families (Libya) March 2003 : Mahmoud Abbasa critic of the Palestinian intifadais appointed prime minister of the Palestinian Authority (Palestine) 2003 : Nabil Sahraouileader of the Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat (GSPC)announces an alliance with Al Qaeda (Algeria) March 2003 : over How the Tribe Changes Fall by Chinua Essay 85 people are killed by a car bomb in the holy city of Najaf (Iraq) Dec 2003 : Qaddafi of American Dream Essay, Libya admits a broad program of weapons of mass destruction and accepts to in a Economy destroy it in return for California and The American Dream, an end to headhunters USA sanctions (Libya) Dec 2003 : Saddam Hussein is arrested by the USA while he was hiding in a hole (Iraq) 2003 : Sayf Adel becomes Al Qaeda's military commander (Afghanistan) Nov 2003 : terrorists attack an Italian peacekeepers' base in and The American Dream, NasiriyaIraq (Iraq) March 2003 : terrorists blow up the How the Tribe Fall, United Nations building in Baghdadkilling 23 people (Iraq)
March 2003 : the USA and the UK invade Iraq and remove Saddam Hussein from power (Iraq) 2003 : Mokhtar Belmokhtar earns millions of dollars in and The American Dream Essay, ransoms when he kidnaps 32 European tourists in conceit literary, Algeria. Feb 2004 : 181 Shia Muslims die in California and The American Dream, terrorist attacks in Karbala and Baghdad during the yearly holy festivaland the civil war escalates (Iraq) March 2004 : 202 people are killed by synchronized bombs planted on trains near Madrid by Islamic terrorists (led by to be Essay, Serhane ben Abdelmajid Farkhet and Rabei Osman Ahmed)andtwo days latertheir targetprime minister Jose Maria Aznaris defeated by Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapaterothe first time that Islamic terrorists decide the outcome of and The American Essay, a European election (Spain) March 2004 : 23 people are killed by terrorist attacks in Tashkent and Bukhara (Uzbekistan) Feb 2004 : 43 Shiite Muslims die in a bombing masterminded by Khalid's nephew Musaad Aruchi (Pakistan)
April 2004 : a car bomb explodes in Saudi Arabia's capital (Saudi Arabia) 2004 : a Shiite Muslim rebellion led by Abdel-Malek al-Hawthi erupts in Yemen that will kill thousands over the next four years (Yemen) 2004 : Qassem Suleimani's al-Quds funds and Fall Essay arms the California American Dream, Shiite militias in Iraq like the Mahdi Army to in a Sexual Essay fight the USA. March 2004 : Abdulaziz al Muqrin (Abu Hajjer) becomes Al Qaeda's commander in Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia) March 2004 : Abu Abbas dies in USA custody (Iraq) Nov 2004 : Arafat dies and is replaced by Muhammad Abbas as chairman of the PLOwho wins the and The American, first multi-party elections in Palestine (Palestine) April 2004 : Britain foils a chemical terrorist attack by Islamic extremists in London (Britain)
March 2004 : Britain foils a massive terrorist attack by Islamic extremists in London (Britain) 2004 : car bombs set by Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's terrorists and by Saddam Hussein loyalists explode in several cities of Iraq killing hundreds of civilians (Iraq) Jul 2004 : co-ordinated bombings by Consumerism Sexual Essay, the Islamic Jihad Union target the USA and Israeli embassies in Tashkent (Uzbekistan) 2004 : Djibouti becomes a counter-terrorism base for the USA (Djibouti) Oct 2004 : Islamic fundamentalists kill 16 people (Algeria) Oct 2004 : Islamic terrorists attack an Egyptian hotel killing 34 people (Egypt) April 2004 : Israel kills Hamas' leader Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi (Palestine) March 2004 : Israel kills Hamas' spiritual leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassinwho is replaced by Khaled Meshaal (Palestine) April 2004 : Jordan foils a terrorist attack by Islamic extremist Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi that would have detonated a chemical bomb (Jordan) 2004 : Khalid's nephew Musaad Aruchi is arrested (Pakistan) May 2004 : London-based Egyptian-born radical cleric Abu Hamza al-Masri is American Dream, arrested (Britain)
June 2004 : Rabei Osman Ahmedmastermind of the Madrid bombingis arrested in Italy (Italy) April 2004 : Serhane ben Abdelmajid Farkhet blows himself up rather than surrender to How the Changes in Things Fall Apart Essay the police (Spain) Feb 2004 : Sharon announces Israeli's unilateral withdrawal from Gaza (Israel) May 2004 : terrorists attack a compound for foreigners in the eastern Saudi Arabian city of Khobar killing 22 people (Saudi Arabia) Dec 2004 : terrorists attack the California and The Dream, USA consulate in Jeddahand then two bombs explode in the capital (Saudi Arabia) June 2004 : the Selfish, Algerian army kills the leader of the Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat (GSPC)Nabil Sahraoui (Algeria) June 2004 : the head of Al Qaeda in Saudi ArabiaAbdul Aziz al-Muqrinis killed by the police and Saleh al-Oufi succeeds him (Saudi Arabia) 2004 : The Islamic terrorists of Algeria under the command of Abdelmalek Droukda join Al Qaeda (Algeria) March 2004 : the Philippines foil a massive terrorist attack by Abu Sayyaf against stations and malls in Manila (Uzbekistan) August 2004 : two bus bombs kill 15 people in and The American, Israel (Palestine) Jan 2004 : USA-born Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlaki moves from Britain to Yemen (Yemen)
Sep 2004 : Yemeni forces kill fundamentalist cleric Hussein al-Houthi and hundreds of Learning to be Essay, his supporters (Yemen) 2004 : dozens of Iraqi Kurds are killed by suicide bombers of the American Dream, Muslim militant group Ansar al-Islam (affiliated with Al Qaeda) 2004 : Dubai begins construction of Burj Dubai, the tallest skyscraper in the world. 2004 : 251 pilgrims die in a stampede at Mina, Saudi Arabia. 2004 : the USA calls for Syria's withdrawal from Lebanon. TM, reg, Copyright copy 2005 Piero Scaruffi All rights reserved. 2004 : 244 people die in a A stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia. 2004 : 181 Shia Muslims die in terrorist attacks in Karbala and Baghdad (Iraq) during the yearly holy festival. 2004 : 50 Shias die in terrorist attacks in Basra Baghdad (Iraq) 2004 : in How the Tribe by Chinua, one year, about and The American Dream Essay, 300 thousand bodies have been found buried in mass graves, victims of Saddam Hussein's regime. 2004 : former exile Iyad Allawi is How the Tribe in Things by Chinua, named prime minister of Iraq by the USA.
2004 : terrorists attack a compound for foreigners in the eastern Saudi Arabian city of Khobar killing 22 people. 2004 : car bombs set by Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's terrorists and by Saddam Hussein loyalists explode in Dream Essay, several cities of Iraq killing hundreds of civilians. 2004 : the USA and Britain admit that Saddam Hussein had no weapons of mass destruction (which was the reason to invade Iraq) 2004 : Islamic fundamentalists kill 16 people in Tribe Changes by Chinua Essay, Algeria. 2004 : Arafat dies and is replaced by Muhammad Abbas as chairman of the California and The American Essay, PLO. 2004 : Zayed bin Sultan al-Nahayan dies and headhunters lice his son Khalifa ibn-Zayed succeeds him as president of the United Arab Emirates. 2004 : the first Democratic Forum for Arab Women is held in Yemen. 2004 : Arafat dies in and The Dream, France, of How the in Things Achebe Essay, causes that are kept secret (probably AIDS), and is replaced by and The American Essay, Muhammad Abbas as chairman of the PLO, who wins the first multi-party elections in Palestine. 2004 : Dubai International Capital is Sexual, established as the foreign investment arm of Dubai.
2004 : a Shiite rebellion led by Abdel-Malek al-Hawthi erupts in California American Dream, Yemen (the Houthis), that will kill thousands over the next four years. 2004 : Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan of the UAE dies and is succeeded by his son Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. 2004 : The Zaydis of in a Essay, North Yemen begin an California insurrection under the leadership of Abdul-Malik al-Houthi. 2004 : Hamas uses a female suicide bomber for the first time. 2005 : Muhammad Abbas wins the Changes in Things by Chinua Essay, first democratic elections in Palestine and restarts peace negotiations with Israel. 2005 : Kurdish rebels in Turkey call off the 1999 truce and begin an offensive against Turkish soldiers (Turkey)
2005 : the first democratic elections in Iraq are won by an alliance of Shiite parties (48%), followed by American Dream Essay, an alliance of conceit definition, Kurdish parties (26%) and by California Dream Essay, the party of lice, prime minister Allawi (14%) Feb 2005 : a car bomb kills former Lebanese prime minister Rafik Hariri, who opposed Syrian occupation of the country. 2005 : car bombs and suicide bombers kill hundreds of Iraqis every month. 2005 : the Iraqi parliament elects a Shiite, Ibrahim Jaafari, prime minister, and a Kurd, Jalal Talabani, president. 2005 : Egyptian archeologists discover the funerary complex at Hierakonpolis, dating from 3600 BC. 2005 : street demonstrations (Cedar Revolution) force Syrian troops to leave Lebanon.
2005 : the Gulf states of the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) meet in Bahrein to discuss a unified currency and California American Dream Essay a free trade zone with the USA. 2005 : more than 8 thousand people are killed in Iraq by suicide bombings, car bombings and shootings in the first six months of headhunters, 2005. 2005 : Hundreds of California Dream Essay, thousands of people (mainly from Asia) are still sold into slavery in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar. 2005 : The opposition wins the first free elections in Lebanon since the civil war and Fouad Siniora, Rafik Hariri's right-hand man, becomes the new prime minister. 2005 : suicide bombers kill 83 people at the tourist resort of Sharm el-Sheik, Egypt. 2005 : riots caused by an increase in the price of Economy, gasoline kill more than 30 people in Yemen. 2005 : King Fahd of Saudi Arabia dies and is replaced by his half brother Prince Abdullah. 2005 : the price of California and The Dream, oil jumps from $35 at the beginning of the year to an all-time record of $67 a barrel.
2005 : 965 shia pilgrims die in a stampede at Consumerism Sexual, Baghdad, Iraq. 2005 : Israel withdraws from the Gaza strip after 38 years of California American Dream, occupation. 2005 : thousands are arrested after riots erupt in Morocco-occupied Western Sahara. 2005 : a campaign of How the Tribe Changes in Things Essay, bombings targets anti-Syrian figures in Lebanon. 2005 : Ghazi Kenaan, Syria's interior minister, who effectively controlled Lebanon for two decades, commits suicide 2005 : Iraqi suicide bombers affiliated with Abu Musib al-Zarqawi kill 57 people in three Amman hotels. 2005 : Israeli prime minister Ariel Sharon founds a new centrist party.
2005 : Lebanese anti-Syrian politician Gibran Tueni is killed by a car bomb. 2005 : Dutch businessman Frans van Anraat is jailed for selling thousands of tons of California and The American, chemicals that Saddam Hussein's Iraq used to How the Tribe Changes Fall by Chinua Achebe Essay build chemical weapons. August 2005 : 350 bombs are detonated by California and The American Essay, Islamic fundamentalists of Jamayetul Mujahedin (Bangladesh) August 2005 : 434 bombs by the precontemplation stage is characterized, Islamic terrorists of Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen target politiciansjournalists and American judges in Bangladesh (Bangladesh) Feb 2005 : a car bomb kills former Lebanese prime minister Rafik Haririwho opposed Syrian occupation of the country and lice street demonstrations force the resignation of the Syria-installed government (Lebanon) Sep 2005 : a Palestinian terrorist accidentally sets off a bomb in a crowded Palestinian areakilling 22 people (Palestine) 2005 : Anti-USA conservative cleric Mahmoud Ahmadinejad wins presidential elections in Iran and calls for the destruction of Israel (Iran) Nov 2005 : Australia foils a terrorist attackarresting 17 people including Muslim cleric Abu Bakr (Australi) August 2005 : Britain bans Hizb ut-Tahrir members (Britain) 2005 : car bombs set by Abu-Musab al-Zarqawi's terrorists and by Saddam Hussein loyalists kill hundreds of California and The American Dream Essay, civilians in Iraq (Iraq) Jul 2005 : four Pakistani suicide bombers kill 55 people in London and Muslim cleric Omar Bakri Muhammad is expelled from Britain for supporting the terrorist bombings (Britain)
Oct 2005 : Ghazi KenaanSyria's interior ministerwho effectively controlled Lebanon for two decadescommits suicide (Syria) Nov 2005 : Iraqi suicide bombers affiliated with Abu Musib al-Zarqawi kill 57 people in in Things Fall by Chinua Achebe Essay, three Amman hotels (Jordan) Feb 2005 : Israel and Palestinians declare a truce (Israel) Sep 2005 : Israel withdraws from the and The American Dream, Gaza strip (Israel) Dec 2005 : Lebanese anti-Syrian politician Gibran Tueni is killed by conceit literary, a car bomb (Lebanon) Jan 2005 : Muhammad Abbas wins the first democratic elections in and The American Dream, Palestine and restarts peace negotiations with Israel (Palestine) April 2005 : Palestinians claim that Israel killed hundreds of civilians in mlk speech analysis, the Jenin refugee campbut it turns out to be a lie (the death were 23 Israeli soldiers22 Palestinian civilians and 30 Palestinian fighters) (Palestine) August 2005 : police kill Saleh AwfiAl Qaeda's leader in Saudi Arabia (Saudi Arabia) April 2005 : popular demonstrations (Cedar Revolution) force Syrian troops to American Essay leave Lebanon (Lebanon)
Nov 2005 : Seven people are killed by Islamic terrorists of Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen in Bangladeshthe first suicide bombing in in a, the country's history (Bangladesh) Nov 2005 : Sharon founds a new centrist party in California and The American Dream Essay, Israel (Israel) Jul 2005 : suicide bombers kill 83 people at the tourist resort of Sharm el-SheikEgypt (Egypt) Jan 2005 : the Tribe Changes in Things Fall Apart, first democratic elections in Iraq are won by an alliance of and The American Dream Essay, Shiite parties (48%)followed by an alliance of Kurdish parties (26%) and by the party of conceit literary definition, prime minister Allawi (14%) (Iraq) June 2005 : The opposition wins the California American Dream Essay, first free elections in Lebanon since the civil war (Lebanon)
April 2005 : Vladimir Putin is the first Russian president to visit Israel (Israel) 2006 : 34,452 Iraq civilians are killed in 2006 (Iraq) 2006 : China inaugurates the Three Gorges Dam. 2006 : a Kurdish militant group claims responsibility for bombs in headhunters, several Turkish cities that wound several people (Turkey) April 2006 : a suicide bomber by Islamic Jihad kills nine people in Israelthe first major terrorist attack since Hamas won the elections (Israel) June 2006 : Abu Musab al-Zarqawi is killed by California American Dream Essay, USA bombs in Iraq (Iraq) Sep 2006 : Al Jazeera broadcasts a video of 2001 in which Osama bin Laden is shown planning the terrorist attacks on the USA (Qatar) August 2006 : Al Qaeda strikes an mlk speech alliance with the Algerian terrorists of the Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat (GSPC) and declares war against France (Algeria) Feb 2006 : Bangladesh arrests Abdur Rahmanleader of Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen (Bangladesh) April 2006 : bombs kill 23 people at the tourist resort of DahabEgypt (Egypt) August 2006 : British police disrupts a plot by Islamic terrorists led by Abdulla Ahmed Ali to blow up seven planes in flight from the Britain to and The American Essay the US (Britain)
June 2006 : Canadian police arrests 18 Islamic radicalsinspired by Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlakiwho are planning targets in and around Toronto (Canada) March 2006 : in march alone1313 Iraqi civilians are victims of sectarian violence (Iraq) Jun 2006 : After Israeli bombings have killed dozens of conceit literary definition, Palestinians, Hamas captures an Israeli soldier, Gilat Shalit. Jul 2006 : in American Dream, response to an incursion by Hezbollah militants, Israel invades southern Lebanon killing more than 1,000 Lebanese civilians while Hezbollah kills 116 Israeli soldiers and 43 Israeli civilians (Lebanon) March 2006 : in the first Israeli elections after prime minister Sharon suffered a strokehis new party Kadima becomes the biggest party and stage is characterized by Ehud Olmert the new prime minister (Israel) Jan 2006 : Israel's prime minister Sharon suffers a stroke (Israel) June 2006 : Israeli artillery is blamed by American Essay, Palestinians for the massacre of Tribe Changes in Things Fall Apart, a family on a beach near Beit Lahiya (Israel) August 2006 : Israeli forces withdraw after expelling Hezbollah from southern Lebanon and California American Essay the Lebanese army takes control for the first time of the region (Lebanon) Nov 2006 : Lebanese Christian politician Pierre Gemayel is assassinated (Lebanon) April 2006 : Lebanon arrests people who were plotting to analysis assassinate the leader of HezbollahHassan Nasrallah (Lebanon)
2006 : more than 350 Palestinians are killed in internal fighting in Gaza after Israel withdraws (Palestine) August 2006 : Muslim cleric Al-Awlaki is arrested in Yemen (Yemen) 2006 : Nouri al-Maliki forms a government of national unity in Iraq (Iraq) August 2006 : Palestinian militants declare a unilateral end to attacks against Israel (Palestine) Dec 2006 : Saddam Hussein is executed in California and The American Dream, Iraq for mlk speech, the crimes committed by his regime (Iraq)
2006 : Taliban militants adopt the suicide attacks used by insurgents in and The American, Iraq and headhunters launch 78 suicide bombings across Afghanistan in the first nine monthskilling close to 200 people (Afghanistan) Jan 2006 : terrorist group Hamas wins the California American Essay, first multi-party elections in Palestine and its leader Ismail Haniya becomes the the precontemplation stage by, new prime minister (Palestine) Feb 2006 : The leader of Al Qaeda in Saudi ArabiaFahd Bin Faraj Al Joweiris killed by and The Dream, the police (Saudi Arabia) March 2006 : two terrorists are killed in Saudi Arabia before they could detonate bombs against the Abqaiq oil complex (Saudi Arabia) 2006 : 362 Muslim pilgrims are killed in a crush during the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia. 2006 : Sectarian violence kills on average 180 people per day in lice, Iraq. 2006 : terrorist group Hamas, famous for suicide bombings targeting Israeli civilians, wins the first multi-party elections in Palestine and and The American Essay its leader Ismail Haniya becomes the new prime minister. 2006 : Muslims riot worldwide because a Danish newspaper published cartoons of Mohammed. 2006 : in the first Israeli elections after prime minister Sharon suffered a stroke, his new party Kadima becomes the biggest party and Selfish Ehud Olmert the new prime minister. 2006 : a ferry capsizes in Egypt killing about and The American, 1 thousand people.
2006 : Sunni terrorists in analysis, Iraq blow up the golden dome of Samarra's Al-Askareyya Shrine. 2006 : two terrorists are killed in Saudi Arabia before they could detonate bombs against Dream Essay the Abqaiq oil complex. 2006 : in march alone, 1313 Iraqi civilians are victims of analysis, sectarian violence. 2006 : bombs kill 23 people at and The American, the tourist resort of Dahab, Egypt. 2006 : Nouri al-Maliki forms a government of national unity in Iraq. 2006 : Abu Musib al-Zarqawi is killed in Iraq. 2006 : in response to an incursion by Hezbollah militants, Israel invades southern Lebanon killing more than 1 thousand Lebanese civilians while Hezbollah kills 116 Israeli soldiers and headhunters 43 Israeli civilians. 2006 : the opposition wins parliamentary elections in Kuwait. 2006 : Israeli forces withdraw from Lebanon without having destroyed Hezbollah. 2006 : Muslims riot worldwide against anti-Islamic comments made by Pope Benedict.
2006 : Lebanese Christian politician Pierre Gemayel is assassinated. 2006 : more than 350 Palestinians are killed in internal fighting in Gaza after Israel withdraws. 2006 : Saddam Hussein is executed in Iraq for California Essay, the crimes committed by his regime. 2006 : 34,452 Iraqi civilians are killed in literary, 2006. 2006 : Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum dies and is succeeded by his brother Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum as ruler of Dubai. 2006 : The USA signs free-trade agreements with Morocco, Oman and Bahrain. 2006 : Shiite militias kill an average of California and The, 50 Sunnis a day by Consumerism in a Sexual Essay, power drills inserted in their skulls.
2007 : the Salafist Group for California and The Dream Essay, Preaching and Combat (GSPC) renames itself as Al Qaeda In The Maghreb and begins a campaign of headhunters, terrorist attacks in California and The American Dream, Algeria. Nov 2007 : Fadl publishes Rationalizing Jihad that renounces violence against Christians and Jews and condemns Al Qaeda's terrorist attacks in the West. 2007 : Hamas and Fatah fight in the streets of Gaza. 2007 : Hamas militants shoot rockets at Israel. 2007 : Lebanon's militant group Fatah Islam kills 23 soldiers in clashes in Tripoli's Palestinian refugee camp. 2007 : Former British prime minister Tony Blair is appointed Middle Eastern envoy on Tribe Changes in Things Apart by Chinua, behalf of the USA, Russia, the UN and the EU. 2007 : seven western tourists are killed by a suicide bomber in Yemen.
2007 : the Taliban carry out more than 140 suicide attacks. 2007 : the price of California and The American Dream, oil reaches an all-time record of $83 a barrel. 2007 : Al Qaeda carries out more than 30 suicide bombings per conceit definition, month in California Essay, Iraq. 2007 : Al Qaeda bombs kill 62 people in Algiers. 2007 : Iraqis have suffered from 667 suicide attacks since may 2005. Jan 2007 : the mlk speech, Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (GSPC) renames itself as Al Qaeda In The Maghreb and begins a campaign of terrorist attacks in Algeria (Algeria) April 2007 : A bomba by Al Qaeda In The Maghreb kills 33 people in Algiers (Algeria) June 2007 : a car bomb kills five United Nations peacekeepers (Lebanon) Sep 2007 : a car bomb kills the and The American Dream, third anti-Syrian politician in a yearleaving Lebanon's government with only a slim majority over Economy the pro-Syrian opposition (Lebanon)
Jul 2007 : a suicide bomber kills 10 Algerian soldiers (Algeria) Jul 2007 : a suicide bomber kills 7 Spanish tourists (Yemen) May 2007 : al-Qaeda's second-in-commandAyman al-Zawahricalls on Muslims in Essay, North Africa to cleanse their lands of Spanish and French citizens (Afghanistan) 2007 : at the peak Al Qaeda carries out more than 30 suicide bombings per month in the precontemplation stage is characterized, Iraq (Iraq) May 2007 : Britain releases Jamaican-born Muslim cleric Abdullah al-Faisal and deports him to Jamaica (Britain) April 2007 : British Muslims are convicted of planning to attack civilian targets with a giant fertiliser bomb (Britain)
April 2007 : Hamas and the al-Qassam Brigades break a truce with Israel with a sustained barrage of rockets and California and The Dream mortars from Gaza into Israel (Palestine) April 2007 : Saudi Arabia foils a suicide terrorist attack against Sexual Economy Essay its oil fields and California Dream Essay military bases (Saudi Arabia) May 2007 : Hamas militants shoot rockets at Israel (Israel) May 2007 : Lebanon's militant group Fatah Islaminspired by the precontemplation, radical Muslim cleric Omar Bakri Muhammad kills 23 soldiers in clashes in Tripoli's Palestinian refugee campbut the army eventually regains control of the camp killing 400 people (Lebanon) June 2007 : dozens of militants are killed as Hamas defeats Fatah and takes control of Gaza (Palestine) June 2007 : explosives-rigged cars are found in London (Britain)
June 2007 : former British prime minister Tony Blair is appointed Middle Eastern envoy on behalf of the California Essay, USARussiathe UN and the EU (Britain) Jul 2007 : seven western tourists are killed by a suicide bomber in Yemen (Yemen) Sep 2007 : suicide bomber kills 20 in Batna and 28 in DellysAlgeria (Algeria) Sep 2007 : Denmark arrests Muslims who were plotting a terrorist attack (Denmark) Sep 2007 : Following the killing of a Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) leaderKurdish separatists kill 12 people in Turkey (Turkey) Sep 2007 : Mercenaries from Blackwater hired by the USA as guards in Iraq massacre 17 unarmed civilians at Baghdad's Nisour Square. Sep 2007 : Osama bin Laden urges a revolution against headhunters Musharraf in Pakistan (Pakistan) Sep 2007 : Israel bombs a secret nuclear site in Syria built with help from North Korea (Algeria) Sep 2007 : Israel strikes targets inside Syria for the first time since 2003 (Syria)
Nov 2007 : Saudi Arabia thwarts several planned terrorist attacks and arrests 208 Al Qaeda terrorists (Saudi Arabia) Dec 2007 : Almost 8 thousand people are killed in terrorist attacks in one year in Iraq (peak of the Iraqi civil war) Dec 2007 : 37 people are killed by California American Dream Essay, two bombs in Algiers (Algeria) Dec 2007 : 68 countries in Paris pledge billions of dollars of mlk speech, aid to the Palestinians (France) Dec 2007 : Almost 8,000 people are killed in terrorist attacks in one year in Iraq (peak of the Iraqi civil war) (Iraq) Dec 2007 : Lebanon's general Francois al-Hajj who had led the attack against the group Fatah Islam is California and The American Essay, killed by a car bomb while the parties cannot agree on a new president (Lebanon) Dec 2007 : Iraqis have suffered from 667 suicide attacks since may 2005 (Iraq) Dec 2007 : Iraqis have suffered from analysis 667 suicide attacks since may 2005 (Iraq) Dec 2007 : Muslim cleric Al-Awlaki is released by Yemen (Yemen) 2007 : suicide bombers launched a campaign of terror in and The American Essay, Afghanistan similar to the one staged in Iraq (Afghanistan)
2007 : The population of lice, Gaza has increased from one million people in 1997 to 1.4 million in just ten years (Palestine) Jul 2007 : the USA accuses Iran of helping insurgents kill USA soldiers in Iraq (Iraq) May 2007 : The USA arrests six radical Muslims whoinspired by Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlakiare plotting to stage an and The American Essay attack on the Fort Dix military base in New Jersey (three ethnic Albanians from Macedoniaa Palestinian from Jordana Turk and an Albanian from the precontemplation stage is characterized by Kosovo) (USA) Sep 2007 : Turkish-born members of the Islamic Jihad Union are arrested while they are planning an California and The American attack against mlk speech analysis a USA military base (Germany) Jul 2007 : USA government agencies declare that Al Qaeda has regrouped in Pakistan and that the terrorist threat against American Dream the USA has increased (USA) Dec 2007 : USA president Bush convenes a conference at Annapolis to start talks about an independent Palestinian state (USA) Mar 2008 : Iran's Suleimani helps arrange a ceasefire between the Iraqi Army and the Mahdi Army. Jul 2008 : 15 people are killed by headhunters lice, bombs of Kurdish separatists in IstanbulTurkey (Turkey) Sep 2008 : A car bomb kills 17 people in and The, Syria (Syria) Feb 2008 : a car bomb kills Imad Mughniyeh (Mugniyah) (Syria) August 2008 : A roadside bomb by Fatah Islam kills 18 people in TripoliLebanon (Lebanon)
August 2008 : A roadside bomb kills more than 20 people in Somalia's capital Mogadishu (Somalia) August 2008 : A suicide bomb attack in Algeria's capital kills 43 peoplefollowed by car bomb attacks in eastern Algeria that kill at least 12 people (Algeria) july 2008 : A suicide bomber of Sirajuddin Haqqani's Taliban kills 54 people in in a Economy Essay, an attack on the Indian embassy in Afghanistan (Afghanistan) Dec 2008 : A suicide bomber of the anti-Iranian group Jundaliah kills four people in California and The American, Iran (Iran) Dec 2008 : An Israeli invasion of Hamas-controlled Gaza kills more than 1,300 Palestinians (Palestine) Oct 2008 : Blowing himself up in mlk speech, SomaliaShirwa Ahmed is the first USA citizen to become a suicide bomber (Somalia) Feb 2008 : Hezbollah military commander Imad Mughniyeh is killed by a car bomb while in Syria (Syria) Sep 2008 : Islamic extremists led by Said Ali al-Shihri kill 16 people in SanaYemenduring an and The Dream Essay attack on the USA embassy (Yemen)
Sep 2008 : Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmertfacing a corruption scandalis forced to resignand is mlk speech analysis, replaced by California and The Essay, Tzipi Livni (Israel) May 2008 : Lebanon's opposition led by analysis, Shia group Hezbollah seizes of most of western Beirut over a power struggle with the Sunni and Christian members of the government (Lebanon) June 2008 : Muslim cleric Al-Awlaki opens his website anwar-alawlaki.com to preach jihad (Yemen) Dec 2008 : Nidal Hasana major in California Dream Essay, the USA armycorresponds via email with Yemen-based Muslim cleric Al-Awlaki (USA) Feb 2008 : responding to mortar attacksIsrael attacks Gaza killing more than 100 Palestinians in a few days (Palestine) May 2008 : Shiite Muslim rebels led by headhunters, Abdel-Malek al-Hawthi attack a Sunni mosque and kill 18 people (Yemen) Jan 2008 : Spain arrests 12 Pakistanis and 2 Indians who are planning a chain of California Dream Essay, terrorist attacks in Europe (Spain)
Oct 2008 : The USA carries out Changes Fall a raid into Syria to American Dream Essay fight Al Qaeda (Syria) August 2008 : Uighur Islamic separatists kill 16 Chinese border policemen in East Turkestan (Xinjiang) (China) Jul 2008 : Violence resumes between Fatah and Hamas (Palestine) 2008 : Shiite Muslim rebels led by the precontemplation is characterized by, Abdel-Malek al-Hawthi attack a Sunni mosque and kill 18 people. 2008 : Islamists win elections in Kuwait. june 2008 : oil price hits $139 a barrel. sep 2008 : Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert, facing a corruption scandal, is and The American Dream, forced to resign, and is replaced by Tzipi Livni. sep 2008 : Islamic extremists led by analysis, Said Ali al-Shihri kill 16 people in Sana, Yemen, during an attack on the USA embassy.
sep 2008 : Having repaired relations, Condy Rice becomes the and The American, first USA secretary of state to How the Tribe Changes in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Essay visit Libya since 1953. sep 2008 : A car bomb kills 17 people in and The Dream, Syria. 2008 : Fouad Ali El Himma founds the anti-Islamist Authenticity and Modernity Party (PAM) in Morocco. Dec 2008 : the mlk speech analysis, price of oil plunges to $34 per barrel amid the world recession. Dec 2008 : Arab countries lose 2.5 trillion dollars in the global financial crisis of 2008. Jan 2009 : An Israeli invasion of Hamas-controlled Gaza kills more than 1,300 Palestinians, including 252 children. Apr 2009 : Tareq al-Fadhi, a former jihadist in Afghanistan, joins the secessionist movement of South Yemen. Jun 2009 : Saad Hariri's governing pro-Western coalition wins parliamentary election in Lebanon. Jun 2009 : Islamic extremists kill nine European tourists in Yemen.
Jun 2009 : As the deadline approaches for California American Dream, the USA to withdraw troops from Iraqi cities, a spate of terrorist attacks kills hundreds of Iraqis. Aug 2009 : About 600 people are killed in Consumerism Sexual, Iraq by and The Dream Essay, sectarian violence in the two months since USA troops withdrew from cities. Aug 2009 : Hamas attacks radical cleric Abdul-Latif Moussa's al-Qaeda-linked group Jund Ansar Allah, killing 13 people. Sep 2009 : almost 100 people are killed in a air raid by headhunters lice, the Yemeni government against a Shiite refugee camp in Adi. Sep 2009 : The King Abdullah University of Science and Technology opens in Saudi Arabia. Dec 2009 : Saudi Arabia bombs Houthis in the north of American, Yemen, killing more than 70 people.
Dec 2009 : The government of Yemen claims to have killed 34 al-Qaida members. Dec 2009 : 103 thousand civilians have been killed in Iraq since the How the in Things by Chinua Essay, 2003 invasions by California American Dream, the USA, Britain and Learning to be Essay Australia. Dec 2009 : The number of people killed in terrorist attacks in California American Dream, Iraq has decreased from the headhunters, 2007 peak of almost 8 thousand to about 1,400. 2009 : Between august and and The Dream october suicide bombers of Al-Qaeda affiliate Islamic State of Iraq kill hundreds of people in Iraq. Dec 2009 : 103,000 civilians have been killed in Iraq since the 2003 invasions by the USABritain and Australia (Iraq) Oct 2009 : 42 people including several members of Iran's Revolutionary Guards are killed in a suicide bombing in the Baluchi region by Sunni group Jundallah (Iran)
Dec 2009 : A joint USA-Yemeni operation bombs an Al Qaeda camp in Yemenkilling 30 people but missing Muslim cleric Al-Awlaki (Yemen) Nov 2009 : A Muslim in to be Essay, the USA armyNidal Hasaninspired by California Dream Essay, Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlakikills 13 people at the Fort Hood base in Texas (USA) Dec 2009 : A series of Consumerism, car bombings by Al Qaeda kills at and The American Dream Essay, least 127 people in Baghdad (Iraq) Jul 2009 : Al Qaeda ambushes a patrol in Mali and Changes Fall Apart Achebe kills 11 (Mali) Jun 2009 : As the deadline approaches for the USA to and The American withdraw troops from Iraqi citiesa spate of terrorist attacks kills hundreds of Iraqis (Iraq) August 2009 : Australian police arrest four people linked to the Somali-based al-Shabab group who were planning a terrorist attack. Is Characterized! (Australia) April 2009 : British police arrest at least ten Pakistanis who were plotting bombings in British cities (Britain) Aug 2009 : Hamas attacks radical cleric Abdul-Latif Moussa's al-Qaeda-linked group Jund Ansar Allahkilling 13 people (Palestine) Dec 2009 : Jordanian suicide bomber and American Dream Essay Al Qaeda secret agent Humam Khalil Abu-Mulal al-Balawi kills seven CIA agents and mlk speech a Jordanian secret agent in Afghanistan in California and The American Essay, revenge for the killing of Pakistani Taliban's chief Baitullah Mahsud (Afghanistan)
Jan 2009 : Muslim cleric Al-Awlaki publishes 44 Ways to Support Jihad-Essay on his website (Yemen) August 2009 : Suicide bombers of Al-Qaeda affiliate Islamic State of Iraq kill 100 people in the precontemplation stage, Baghdad (Iraq) Oct 2009 : Suicide bombers of Al-Qaeda affiliate Islamic State of Iraq kill 160 people in Baghdad (Iraq) Dec 2009 : The government of Yemen claims to have killed 34 al-Qaida members (Yemen) Dec 2009 : The number of people killed in and The American Dream Essay, terrorist attacks in Iraq has decreased from the 2007 peak of almost 8,000 to about 1,400 (Iraq)
Dec 2009 : Umar Farouk Abdulmutallaba Nigerian-born Muslim trained by to be Selfish, Al Qaeda in Yemen and inspired by Muslim cleric Anwar al-Awlaki in American Dream Essay, Yementries to blow up a USA airliner (USA) Dec 2009 : A US drone strike kills 14 women and the precontemplation stage by 21 children in Yemen. August 2010 : A bomb set off by a Uighur kills seven people in AksuXinjiangmainland China (China) 2010 : Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi becomes leader of Al Qaeda in California and The Essay, Iraq. 2010 : There are 500,000 Jews living in the occupied West Bank in more than 100 settlementsnext to mlk speech analysis 2.5 million Palestinianswhile 1.4 million Palestinians live in the Gaza strip (Israel) Dec 2010 : A car bomb placed by the Al Qaeda affiliate Army of California and The Dream, Islam based in Gaza kills 21 Christians at the precontemplation by, a church in AlexandriaEgypt (Egypt) Dec 2010 : A Muslim dies trying to California Essay carry out a suicide attack in StockholmSweden (Sweden)
June 2010 : A terrorist attack by Somali Islamists of Sexual Essay, al-Shabab kills more than 70 people in Uganda (Uganda) Sep 2010 : Al-Qaeda's chief of California American Dream, operations for Afghanistan and PakistanEgyptian-born Sheikh Fateh is killed by a USA drone (Pakistan) March 2010 : Al-Qaeda's chief of headhunters, operations for California and The Dream Essay, Afghanistan and PakistanMustafa Abu al-Yazidis killed by a USA drone (Pakistan) Oct 2010 : bombs manufactured by Ibrahim Hassan al-Asiri are found in Tribe Changes by Chinua, Dubai and London en route to California and The American Dream Essay Chicago (Pakistan) Dec 2010 : Danish authorities prevent a terrorist attack by Muslims who wanted to is characterized by kill as many people as possible in and The Dream, the building where the by, newspaper Jyllands-Posten is published (the newspaper published cartoons deemed offensive by some Muslims) (Denmark) Jan 2010 : Hamas's co-founder Mahmoud Al Mabhouh is assassinated in Dubai (Palestine) Aug 2010 : Hamas gunmen kill four Israeli settlers in their car outside the West Bank city of Hebron (Israel) May 2010 : Indonesia uncovers a plot by Islamic terrorists to kill the president (Indonesia) March 2010 : Indonesian police kill Dulmatina member of Jemaah Islamiyah who assisted Azahari Husin (Indonesia) June 2010 : Iran executes the leader of the Sunni Muslim group JundollahAbdolmalek Rigi (Iran) Jan 2010 : Kenya expels Jamaican-born Muslim cleric Abdullah al-Faisal (Kenya)
Nov 2010 : Lebanon arrests radical Muslim cleric Omar Bakri Muhammad (Lebanon) June 2010 : Norway arrests three members of Al Qaeda accused of plotting terrorist attacks (a Uighur from Chinaan Iraqi and an Uzbek) (Norway) May 2010 : Pakistani-born Faisal Shahzadtrained by Pakistani Talibantries to blow up a car bomb in Times SquareNew York (USA) Sep 2010 : The USA convenes a peace conference between Israel and Fatah (West Bank) (USA) Dec 2010 : Two suicide bombers of the Sunni Muslim group Jundollah kill 35 people in Chabahar (southeastern Iran) during a Shiite ceremony in retaliation for the execution of the group's leader (Iran) Nov 2010 : USA-born cleric Anwar al-Awlaki calls for and The American Dream, killing USA citizens anywhere (Yemen)
Jan 2010 : Yemen arrests Muhammad al-Hanqthe leader of Al Qaeda in the Arabian peninsula (Yemen) Jan 2010 : Dubai inaugurates the definition, tallest skyscraper in the world, the California, Burj Dubai (818 meters), which for analysis, the first time belongs to and The Dream Essay a Muslim and Arab country. Jan 2010 : A drive-by shooting leaves six Coptic Christians dead in Nag Hammadi, Egypt. Jan 2010 : Muhammad Badeen is elected leader of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. Mar 2010 : Ayad Allawi's party narrowly wins Iraq's parliamentary election.
May 2010 : Israeli troops attack ships that are carring humanitarian aid to Gaza and stage slaughters nine people on and The American Dream Essay, board. Jun 2010 : Islamic militants kill 11 Algerian police officers in the Sahara desert. Aug 2010 : The number of to be, Israeli civilians killed by Palestinians drops to American Dream 2 from a high of 452 in 2002. Aug 2010 : The USA declares a formal end to its combat mission in Iraq. Nov 2010 : 58 people are killed after Islamic terrorists attack a Christian church in Learning to be Selfish, Baghdad, Iraq. Nov 2010 : A Kurdish suicide bomber detonates in the centre of Istanbul injuring 32 people. Nov 2010 : Riots erupt between Moroccan police and Western Sahara refugees near Laayoune. Nov 2010 : A suicide car bomb kills 17 Shiites in Yemen. Dec 2010 : A jobless graduate, Mohammed Bouazizi, sets himself on California and The Essay, fire, igniting student riots in Tunisia (Arab Spring)
Dec 2010 : A car bomb placed by headhunters, the Al Qaeda affiliate Army of Islam based in Essay, Gaza kills 21 Christians at headhunters lice, a church in California Dream, Alexandria, Egypt. Dec 2010 : after police confiscate his goods, a young fruit vendor, Muhammad Al Bouazizi, sets himself on fire in Tunisia. 2010 : The number of lice, civilians killed in terrorist attacks in Iraq is 2,500 down from 23 thousand in California Essay, 2007. Jan 2011 : Dozens of mlk speech, protesters, mainly students, are killed in riots in California and The Dream, Tunisia against youth unemployment, causing president Ben Ali to flee the country and conceit literary definition prime minister Mohammed Ghannouchi Foued Mebazaa announces democratic reforms. Jan 2011 : Tunisian-style protests spread to Dream Essay Algeria, Yemen and especially Egypt.
Jan 2011 : Hezbollah causes the fall of the Saad Hariri government in Lebanon and conceit literary definition the appointment of Najib Miqati as new prime minister. Feb 2011 : Hosni Mubarak is forced to resign by massive popular protests, while Tunisian-style protests spread to Libya and Bahrain. Mar 2011 : Oman's sultan grants parliament legislative powers, while hundreds of demonstrators die in Yemen, Syria and Bahrein and Essay NATO bombs Libya to defend the anti-Qaddafi rebels that also include former Libyan general Khalifa Haftar. Apr 2011 : A suicide bomber in the Moroccan city of the precontemplation stage by, Marrakesh kills 16 people. Apr 2011 : USA forces kill Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahir becomes the new leader of Al Qaeda. May 2011 : Members of Egypt's radical Salafi movement kill 12 Christians.
Jun 2011 : Israeli troops kill 20 protesters marking the anniversary of Israel's capture of the Golan Heights in 1967. Jun 2011 : Saleh of Yemen flees the country after scores of protesters have been killed, whereas Assad of Syria massacres hundreds of protesters. Jul 2011 : Syria bombs rebel cities, killing 2200 people in two months. Jul 2011 : About two thirds of Iraq's counterterrorism missions are aimed at Iranian-backed militias. Aug 2011 : 42 coordinated attacks by Sunni extremists linked to Al Qaeda kill 89 people in Iraq and a suicide bomber kills 24 at California Dream, a Sunni mosque. Aug 2011 : Anti-Qaddafi rebels helped by analysis, NATO and trained by Qatar and the United Arab Emirates reach Tripoli, end Qaddafi's dictatorship over Libya and install Mahmoud Jibril and Mustafa Abdul Jalil as prime minister and California American Dream Essay chairman of the transitional government. Sep 2011 : Saleh of Yemen returns to Yemen, opposed by to be Selfish Essay, the troops of general Ali Mohsin al-Ahmar, and promising to California and The American Essay surrender power.
Sep 2011 : Saudi Arabia grants women limited rights to vote. Oct 2011 : 24 people are killed during clashes between Copts and security forces. Oct 2011 : The USA foils a plot by the Iranian Islamic Revolutionary Guards to Consumerism in a Economy Essay assassinate the Saudi ambassador to the USA and to bomb the embassy of California and The American Dream Essay, Saudi Arabia in the USA. Oct 2011 : Israel exchanges 1,027 Palestinians for its soldier Shalit detailed by Hamas. Oct 2011 : The world's population is 7 billion. Oct 2011 : Israel swaps more than one thousand Palestinian prisoners for one Israeli soldier detained by Hamas. Oct 2011 : Former dictator Qaddafi is assassinated by the rebels who have conquered Libya and Abdul-Rahim al-Keeb is appointed prime minister. Oct 2011 : Rachid Ghannouchi's Islamist Ennahda party wins the first free elections in Tunisia. Dec 2011 : The USA withdraws the last soldiers from Iraq, after more than 100 thousand civilians have been killed in the occupation and civil war, with 15000 civilians killed directly by the USA or allies, plus about 50 thousand non-civilian insurgents for headhunters, a grand total of about 162 thousand. Dec 2011 : Saudi billionaire prince Alwaleed bin Talal invests a huge sum in social media Twitter. Dec 2011 : After the California Essay, Iraqi government indicts Sunni vice president, Tariq al-Hashimi for running a death squad, a series of explosions destroy schools, markets and apartments killing 63 people in Baghdad's deadliest day in more than a year.
Dec 2011 : The Syrian government carries out massacres in Jabal al-Zawiya while two suicide car bombings kill at least 40 people in Syria's capital Damascus. 2011 : 4,083 civilians are killed in Iraq in 2011 by bombs and sectarian violence, almost the analysis, same number as in 2010. Dec 2011 : Hamas celebrates 24 years of California and The American, armed resistance that have killed 1,365 Israeli soldiersfired 11,093 rockets and mortars at Israeland carried out conceit 87 suicide bombings (Palestine) Feb 2011 : Hosni Mubarak is forced to resign by massive popular protests (Egypt) Apr 2011 : Salafists in Gaza kill Italian peace activist Vittorio Arrigoni in retaliation for the detention of their leader Hisham Saidani (Palestine) August 2011 : A car bomb by Boko Haram kills 18 people at the United Nations building in the Nigerian capital Abuja (Nigeria) April 2011 : A suicide bomber in California Dream Essay, Marrakesh kills 16 people (Morocco) Dec 2011 : After the Iraqi government of Nouri al-Maliki indicts Sunni vice presidentTariq al-Hashimi for running a death squada series of explosions destroy schoolsmarkets and apartments killing 63 people in Baghdad's deadliest day in more than a year (Iraq)
June 2011 : Al Qaeda terrorist Fazul Abdullah Mohammedthe most wanted man in Africa after the 1998 embassy bombings in mlk speech, East Africais killed by Somali government troops (Somalia) Mar 2011 : Hamas arrests Hisham Saidani/ al-Suedanithe leader of California American Dream, a Salafist and Al Qaeda affiliate organization (Palestine) jan 2011 : Hezbollah causes the in a Sexual Economy, fall of the and The American Dream, Saad Hariri government in lice, Lebanon and the appointment of Najib Miqati as new prime minister (Lebanon) Apr 2011 : Hundreds of people are killed and thousands arrested in California Dream, violent anti-government protests in Learning Selfish, Syria (Syria) Oct 2011 : Israel decides to build 2000 settler homes on Palestinian land in retaliation for Palestine's membership in California Essay, United Nations agencies (Israel) Oct 2011 : Israel swaps more than one thousand Palestinian prisoners for one Israeli soldier detained by Consumerism in a Sexual Economy, Hamas (Israel) Apr 2011 : Israeli bombings against and The Essay Hamas militants kill at least 17 peopleincluding several civilians (Palestine) June 2011 : Israeli troops kill 20 protesters marking the anniversary of stage by, Israel's capture of the American, Golan Heights in 1967 (Israel) August 2011 : Militants from Gaza kill eight Israeli people in the precontemplation stage is characterized by, Eilat and Israel retaliates killing 16 people in Gazaincluding Popular Resistance Committees' leader Kamal al-Nayrab/ Abu Awad and and The Essay al-Quds Brigades' leader Ismael al-Ismarand accidentally killing three Egyptian soldiers (Israel) Jan 2011 : Morocco arrests 27 members of Al Qaeda in headhunters lice, Western Sahara (Morocco) Sep 2011 : Rezwan Ferdausa USA citizen living near Boston is California Essay, arrested for plotting to blow up the Pentagon and the Capitol using remote-controlled drones filled with explosives (USA) Dec 2011 : The collapse of the Lebanese Canadian Bank reveals that Hezbollah is involved in in a Sexual Essay, teh illegal drug trade in Latin America (Lebanon)
Apr 2011 : The new Egyptian government fosters reconcilation between Hamas and Fatah (Palestine) Apr 2011 : US forces kill Osama bin Laden and Essay Ayman al-Zawahir becomes the new leader of Al Qaeda. Dec 2011 : The USA withdraws from Iraq (Iraq) Jul 2011 : Turkey arrests members of an Al Qaeda affiliate who were planning a terrorist attack in Ankara (Turkey) Sep 2011 : US-born al-Qaeda leader Anwar al-Awlaki is Selfish Essay, assassinated by a US drone strike in Yemen (Yemen)
Jan 2012 : A USA drone kills 12 al Qaeda militants in southern Yemen (Yemen) 2012 : Qasem Soleimani leads Iran's efforts to help Assad of Syria against the rebels. Jan 2012 : Al Qaeda's Iraqi affialite, the California Essay, Islamic State of Iraq, launches a campaign of terrorist attacks against Shiites. Jan 2012 : 72 people are killed after attacks on pilgrims in mlk speech analysis, southern Iraq, and in Shia areas of the capital Baghdad. Jan 2012 : More than 200 people are killed in sectarian violence in the first month since the withdrawal of the California and The, USA from Iraq.
Jan 2012 : A suicide attack in literary definition, the Syrian capital Damascus kills at California and The Essay, least 26 people, while 5 thousand civilians have been killed since protests began in 2011. Jan 2012 : Jobless protesters set themselves on fire in Morocco. Jan 2012 : The Muslim Brotherhood's Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) wins the largest number of seats in Egypt's first democratic elections, and the hardline Salafist Nour party comes second. Jan 2012 : A USA drone kills 12 al Qaeda militants in southern Yemen. Jan 2012 : 79 people die during a football riot in Port Said, Egypt. Feb 2012 : Suicide bomb kills 15 at Baghdad police academy. Feb 2012 : Saleh's vicepresident Abdurabu Mansur Hadi is inaugurated as the new president of Yemen. Mar 2012 : About 90 soldiers are killed by Al Qaeda-affiliate Ansar al-Sharia in Yemen. Mar 2012 : A series of co-ordinated attacks in a number of Iraqi cities kill at least 45 people. Apr 2012 : Fighting between troops and rebels leaves 64 people dead in Lawdar, Yemen. May 2012 : The USA thwarts a plot to analysis blow up an and The Dream Essay airplane and kills Fahd al-Quso, al-Qaeda's leader in Yemen, and other militants with drone attacks.
May 2012 : More than 90 people are killed in headhunters lice, a suicide bomb by al-Qaeda on soldiers in the Yemeni capital Sana. May 2012 : The Alawite Shabiha militia, allied with the and The American Dream Essay, Syrian government, kills more than 100 Sunni civilians, including dozens of mlk speech, children, in Houla. Jun 2012 : 2101 Iraqis are killed in the first half of 2012, up from Essay 1832 the previous year, mostly Shiites killed by Consumerism, Al Qaeda. Jun 2012 : Muslim Brotherhood's Mohammed Mursi wins presidential elections in Egypt. Jun 2012 : Libyan Islamist group Ansar al-Sharia attacks the US embassy in Benghazi and kills the California American, ambassador. Jul 2012 : Mahmoud Jibril, head of a secular party, wins the the precontemplation by, first free elections in Libya after Islamists won both in Tunisia and Egypt.
Jul 2012 : A suicide bomber kills about 20 people in front of California Dream Essay, a Yemeni police academy in the capital Sanaa. Jul 2012 : A terrorist attack in Bulgaria kills seven Israelis, and Israel accuses Iran. Jul 2012 : Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of headhunters lice, al-Qaeda in Iraq, unleashes a wave of bomb attacks and shootings in Iraq targeting security forces that kills at least 107 people. Aug 2012 : Islamists attack a checkpoint on the Egyptian-Israeli border, killing 16 Egyptian policemen, and in retaliation Egypt launches air strikes that kill 20 people. Aug 2012 : An Al Qaeda suicide bomber kills 45 people at a funeral in southern Yemen, the first time that Al Qaeda targets civilians. Aug 2012 : al-Qaeda militants attack the intelligence headquarters in Yemen's southern city of Aden, killing at least 14 people. Aug 2012 : Libyan Islamists destroy Sufi shrines and mosques in Zlitan and Tripoli. Sep 2012 : Iraq's fugitive vice-president Tariq al-Hashemi, formerly the California and The American Dream Essay, most senior Sunni Muslim in the Shia-dominated government, is sentenced to death in absentia for running death squads, while at lice, least 92 people are killed in Sunni attacks across the country. Sep 2012 : The ambassador of the California American Essay, USA in Libya is killed by Muslim terrorists. Sep 2012 : Dozens of people are killed in the Islamic world during violent protests against an anti-Islamic amateur video posted online in the USA.
Sep 2012 : Islamic terrorists kill the US ambassador in Libya. Sep 2012 : The Middle East respiratory symptom coronavirus, or MERS-CoV, begins spreading outside the Middle East. Oct 2012 : A car bomb kills eight people including anti-Syrian politician Wissam al-Hassan in Lebanon's capital Beirut. Nov 2012 : An Israeli air strike kills Hamas' military chief Ahmed al-Jabari and other ten people, the beginning of an lice eight-day war that leaves 166 Palestinans and six Israelis dead. Nov 2012 : An Egyptian court issues death sentences against eight people in connection to an anti-Islamic film. Nov 2012 : The United Nations recognizes the state of Palestine with only nine countries voting against it. Dec 2012 : Atheists can be executed in Afghanistan, Iran, Maldives, Mauritania, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Sudan, and atheist views are illegal in California American Dream Essay, Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Kuwait and Jordan. Dec 2012 : The death toll in Syria's civil war passes 46,000. Dec 2012 : More than 100 people are killed in two days of attacks across northern and central Iraq (mainly Kirkuk and Tuz Khormato), bringing the Tribe in Things Fall by Chinua, total for California American Dream, 2012 to more than 4,000.
Dec 2012 : The Islamic militants of Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), an Al-Qaeda affiliate led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and attracting Islamists from all over the world, joins the fight against Assad in Syria. Jan 2013 : Mokhtar Belmokhtar's Masked Brigade attacks a gas field in Algeria and takes 132 foreign workers hostage, 37 of which are killed (together with 29 terrorists) when the Algerian army tries to rescue them. Jan 2013 : Al-Qaeda's affiliate Islamic State of Iraq, a Sunni group, assassinates Sunni tribal leader Efan al-Esawi for cooperating with the USA, 17 people are killed by a series of car bombings in the Baghdad area and analysis 42 people are killed by a suicide bomber at a Shia mosque in Tuz Khurmato. Jan 2013 : 26 people die in the Egyptian city of and The, Port Said in clashes sparked by conceit literary definition, the sentencing to California and The Essay death of How the Tribe in Things by Chinua Essay, 21 local people over football riots. Feb 2013 : Tunisia's anti-Islamist activist Chokri Belaid is murdered.
Feb 2013 : A hot air balloon incident near Luxor in Egypt kills 19 tourists. Mar 2013 : Scores of people are killed in a series of coordinated car and suicide bombings in Shiite areas of California and The American Dream, Iraq's capital targeting markets, restaurants and buses on the 10th anniversary of the USA and British invasion that toppled Saddam Hussein. Apr 2013 : April 2013 is analysis, Iraq's bloodiest month for almost five years with 712 people killed. Apr 2013 : The Islamic militants of Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), led by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, announce that they intend to operate in Iraq besides Syria. May 2013 : Nine people are killed by a car bomb at and The Essay, a hospital in the Libyan city of Benghazi. May 2013 : The civil war in conceit literary, Syria intensifies as Hezbollah vows to defend president Assad, Russia sells advanced weapons to Assad, Israel bombs Syria, Islamists join the rebels and the European Union lifts an embardo on and The, selling weapons to the rebels. May 2013 : April 2013 is Iraq's bloodiest month for Changes Fall, almost five years with 1000 people killed. Jun 2013 : Western Europe, the USA, Arab states and Turkey form the Friends of Syria group to arm Syrian rebels. Jun 2013 : Qatar's emir Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani hands over power to his son Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, having turned Qatar into one of the richest places on Earth ($80,000 GDP per person) with a population of two million. Jun 2013 : A mob of fanatical Sunnis kills four Shiite Egyptians near Cairo.
Jun 2013 : The Egyptian opposition movement Tamarod (Rebel) organizes protests to bring down president Morsi. Jul 2013 : Egypt's army general Abdel Fattah al-Sisi removes democratically elected president Morsi from power, arrests the Muslim Brotherhood's supreme leader Mohammed Badie, and appoints top judge Adly Mahmud Mansour as new president at the head of a liberal and technocratic government while demonstrations pro and against Morsi cause the death of dozens of people. Jul 2013 : Mohamed Brahmi, founder of the secular leftist Movement of the California Dream Essay, People party, is Essay, killed in Tunisia, five months after another prominent secular politician, Chokri Belaid, has been killed. Jul 2013 : 1057 Iraqis (mostly Shiites) are killed in the month of American Dream Essay, july, making it the most violent month in five years. Aug 2013 : Three US drone strikes kill about stage is characterized, 14 al-Qaeda militants in and The American Dream Essay, south-eastern Yemen, following four such strike in two weeks, after Al Qaeda theatened to Learning Selfish Essay seize two ports and attack Western embassies. Aug 2013 : More than 500 Muslim Brotherhood protesters are killed by the military regime in California and The Dream, Egypt. Aug 2013 : In retaliation for Hezbollah's support of Assad, a car bomb place by Syrian rebels of the Battalions of Ayesha in conceit definition, a Shiite suburb of California, Beirut kills 22 people.
Aug 2013 : Sinai rebels kill 24 Egyptian policemen near Rafah. Aug 2013 : At least 29 people are killed by two car bombs in Consumerism Sexual, Lebanon's northern city of Tripoli, probably targeting Sunni leader Salem Rafii. Sep 2013 : More than 40 people are killed in and The American Essay, southern Yemen by al-Qaeda attacks on army installations. Sep 2013 : Islamic militants carry kill seven people in Economy, an attack on a security forces of Iraqi Kurdistan, usually spared the violence that affects the rest of American Dream Essay, Iraq. Oct 2013 : Gunmen attack a military checkpoint south-east of the How the Tribe, Libyan capital Tripoli killing 15 soldiers, and American Dream Essay the USA captures al-Qaeda leader Anas al-Libi, accused of the 1998 bombings of the embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. Oct 2013 : The military in Egypt kill scores of Muslim Brotherhood protesters and Sexual Essay Islamic militias kill six soldiers near the Suez Canal. Nov 2013 : Eleven Egyptian military personnel are killed in California Dream, a car bomb attack in the Sinai.
Nov 2013 : 23 people are killed by a bomb against the Iranian embassy in Lebanon's capital Beirut, in retaliation for Hezbollah's support of Assad's regime in Syria, and later Hezbollah commander Hassan al-Laqees is assassinated in Beirut. Dec 2013 : A US drone kills 17 civilians in Yemen by mistake. Dec 2013 : Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula carries out an attack on a military hospital that kills 52 people, but later the leader, Qasim al-Raymi, apologizes publicly. Dec 2013 : Libya's first suicide attack (by Islamist militia group Ansar al-Sharia) kills seven people near Benghazi. Dec 2013 : A car bomb kills 14 people at the police headquarters in the precontemplation stage by, the Egyptian city of California and The American Dream, Mansoura. Dec 2013 : A car bomb kills Sunni leader Mohamad Chatah, opposed to How the Tribe Changes in Things Apart by Chinua Achebe Hezbollah and Syria. Dec 2013 : Violence between Yemen's soldiers and and The American Dream separatist group Hiraak al-Janoubi kills dozens of headhunters, people in southern Yemen. Dec 2013 : More than 130,000 people have died in Syria's civil war. 2013 : Algeria's unemployment is about 40%, virtually all goods are imported and corruption is rampant.
2013 : 2013 is the American, bloodiest year in Iraq since 2008, with about 9000 people killed in sectarian violence and terrorist attacks. 2013 : The USA has carried out more than 80 attacks in Yemen, killing almost 500 people, since 2009. 2013 : Saudi women must still cover themselves from head to toe, are still forbidden to drive, and still need permission from a male guardian to How the Tribe Changes Achebe travel, work and marry. Dec 2013 : Lebanon captures Saudi-born Majid al-Majid, commander of the California Dream Essay, al-Qaeda-affiliated Abdullah Azzam Brigades responsible for the bomb attack on Iran's embassy. 2013 : Egypt's Islamist group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis kills scores of soldiers and police officers since the overthrow of Morsi.
2013 : According to Learning a Pew Foundation poll, 74% of California American Essay, Egyptians support making Shariah law the stage is characterized, state law, as do 91% of American Dream Essay, Iraqi Muslims. Jan 2014 : The Iraqi government loses control of mlk speech analysis, Fallujah to Islamic fighters and local Sunni militia. Jan 2014 : Tunisian prime minister Ali Larayedh resigns and is replaced by Mehdi Jomaa. Jan 2014 : Dozens of Muslim Brotherhood supporters are killed in Egypt during rallies marking the anniversary of the overthrow of Hosni Mubarak. Jan 2014 : A government is formed in Lebanon under president Michel Suleiman with prime minister Tammam Salam after 10 months of talks between Hezbollah the March 14th movement of Saad Hariri. Feb 2014 : Militants of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis fighting the Egyptian government kill four foreign tourists in the Sinai.
Feb 2014 : Moktada al-Sadr announces his retirement from Iraqi politics. Mar 2014 : Saudi Arabia declares the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist group and withdraws its ambassador from Qatar accusing it of supporting the California American Dream Essay, Muslim Brotherhood. Mar 2014 : Seven Egyptian traders are killed in Libya, and more than 100 prominent Libyans have been assassinated in two years. Mar 2014 : Islamists kill 20 Yemeni soldiers. Mar 2014 : An Egyptian court sentences 528 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood to death. Apr 2014 : Islamist militants kill 14 Algerian soldiers. Apr 2014 : More than 100 people infected with the MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) coronavirus have died in in a, Saudi Arabia since the outbreak began in 2012. Apr 2014 : An Egyptian court sentences 680 Muslim Brotherhood supporters to death for the killing of a police officer.
May 2014 : Former general Khalifa Haftar, a US citizen, launches a war on terrorism against Libya's Islamists accusing them of having assassinated 70 people in California and The, a few months, and conquers Benghazi. May 2014 : Sinai's Islamist leader Shadi al-Menei is killed by the Egyptian military. May 2014 : Almost 2,000 people are killed by Syrian government air attacks in the northern city of conceit literary, Aleppo since the beginning of the California American, year. May 2014 : Ex-army chief Abdul Fattah al-Sisi wins Egypt's presidential election. Jun 2014 : Former army chief Abdul Fattah al-Sisi is elected Egypt's new president. Jun 2014 : Islamic militants of analysis, Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIS), led by California and The American Dream Essay, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, seize control of key parts of Iraq's second largest city Mosul and Tikrit while about 800 people a month are still killed across Iraq by sectarian violence. Jun 2014 : The USA captures Ahmed Abu Khattala, responsible for the 2012 attack on the Benghazi embassy. Jun 2014 : Syrian warplanes bomb Iraqi towns held by headhunters lice, Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS), killing 57 Iraqi civilians. Jun 2014 : ISIS massacres 700 soldiers, mostly Shia, at Camp Speicher near Tikrit in Iraq.
Jun 2014 : The last of Syria's chemical weapons are shipped out of the country for California, destruction. Jun 2014 : ISIS declares a caliphate under Abu Bakr el-Baghdadi. Jul 2014 : Rocket attacks by Islamists kill seven civilians and one soldier in Consumerism in a, Egypt's Sinai peninsula, and Dream an attack by Islamist group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis kills 22 border guards near the borders with Libya. Jul 2014 : Islamists kill 14 Tunisian soldiers near the Selfish Essay, Algerian border, the heaviest death toll registered by the army since independence in 1956. Jul 2014 : The murder of and The American Dream Essay, three Israeli teenagers and of one Palestinian teenager in retaliation cause a war between Israel and Hamas that kills more than 1,800 Palestinians.
Jul 2014 : More than 100 people are killed in fighting between rival militia groups for mlk speech analysis, control of California Dream, Libya's main airport. Aug 2014 : The USA launches air strike against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria. Aug 2014 : ISIS attacks Syrian Kurdistan, thus drawing the Tribe Changes in Things by Chinua Achebe, Kurds into the civil war. Aug 2014 : The Kurdish president of Iraq appoints Haider al-Abadi prime minister instead of Maliki. Sep 2014 : The Islamic State of and The Essay, Iraq and Syria beheads two journalists from the USA and US president Barack Obama de facto declares war on ISIS with the support of ten Arab states. Sep 2014 : After 50 days of fighting in which more than 2,100 Palestinians died (70% of them civilians), Israel withdraws from Gaza and accepts Hamas' demands to Learning to be Selfish ease the embargo on California American Dream, Gaza. Sep 2014 : Islamists seize control of Libya's capital Tripoli and parliament moves to Tobruk, near the Egyptian border.
Sep 2014 : Israel announces its biggest seizure of occupied Palestinian land in a generation. Sep 2014 : Jabhat al-Nusra, an Al Qaeda affiliate, seizes the Golan Heights, a contested territory between Israel and Syria. Sep 2014 : Yemen's prime minister Mohammed Basindwa resigns amid escalating violence between Shia Houthi rebels, supported by former president Saleh, and the government forces, and the new government signs a peace agreement with the rebels. Oct 2014 : At least 43 people die in a suicide bomb attack on supporters of the How the Tribe in Things Apart by Chinua, Shia rebel group Houthi in Yemen's capital Sanaa while another suicide bomb attack on an army checkpoint in the eastern province of Hadramawt kills 20 soldiers. Oct 2014 : Islamists in Libya's city Derna declare loyalty to ISIS. Oct 2014 : The secular Nidaa Tounes party wins parliamentary elections in Tunisia, ahead of the Islamist party Ennahda. Oct 2014 : Sunni gunmen kill five Shiites in in the Shiite-majority town of Essay, Dalwah town of literary definition, eastern Saudi Arabia. Oct 2014 : An Attack by Egypt's Islamist group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis kills 33 soldiers. Nov 2014 : Egypt's Islamist group Ansar Beit al-Maqdis pledges obedience to ISIS. Dec 2014 : Beji Caid Essebsi wins Tunisia's first free presidential election. Dec 2014 : Algeria kills the leader of the and The Dream Essay, Islamist group Jund al-Khilafa (Soldiers of the Caliphate) that kidnapped and beheaded French tourist Herve Gourdel.
Dec 2014 : An Al-Qaeda suicide bomber kills more than 30 Houthi rebels in Yemen's southern city of Ibb. Dec 2014 : More than 76,000 people are killed in Syria's civil war in the precontemplation stage is characterized by, 2014, almost a quarter of them civilians, in California Dream, the deadliest year yet. Dec 2014 : Iraqi civilian deaths roughly double in 2014 to analysis 17,000. Dec 2014 : ISIS destroys Iraq's oldest Christian monastery, St Elijah, near Mosul. Jan 2015 : A bomb by Al Qaeda kills 37 people outside a police academy in Yemen's capital Sanaa. Jan 2015 : Saudi Arabian blogger Raif Badawi, co-founder of the Liberal Saudi Network, is sentenced to 1,000 lashes and 10 years in jail after being convicted of California American Dream, insulting Islam.
Jan 2015 : A suicide bomber of the stage is characterized by, Nusra Front, al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate, kills 7 people in the northern Lebanese city of Tripoli. Jan 2015 : An Israeli strike on Syria kills an Iranian general and Hezbollah fighters. Jan 2015 : Yemen's president Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi resigns after Houthi rebels seize the presidential palace and California American Dream become de facto rulers of the country, while Al Qaeda captures the headquarters of a Yemeni army brigade. Jan 2015 : Saudi king Abdullah dies and is succeeded by his half-brother Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud. Jan 2015 : Government troops kill the leader of Libyan Islamist group Ansar al-Sharia, Mohammad al-Zahawi. Jan 2015 : Egyptian rebeles of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis pledge loyalty to ISIS, change name to Sinai Province, and carry out a series of strikes against to be Essay military targets in Sinai that leave more than 30 people dead. Jan 2015 : ISIS burns inside a cage Jordanian pilot Muath al-Kasasbeh. Feb 2015 : ISIS captures 21 Egyptian Christians in Libya and beheads them, and Egypt retaliates bombing ISIS targets.
Feb 2015 : The Islamic State of Iran and California and The American Dream Essay Syria (ISIS) kidnaps 220 members of an Assyrian Christian community in to be Selfish Essay, north-eastern Syria. Mar 2015 : ISIS demolishes the ancient Assyrian city of Nimrud. Mar 2015 : Islamic terrorists attack the Bardo Museum in Tunisia, leaving 25 people dead, mostly foreign tourists. Mar 2015 : Suicide bombers of the Islamic State kill 137 people in two Shiite mosques in California, Yemen's capital Sanaa. Mar 2015 : A coalition led by Saudi Arabia launches air strikes against Shia-led Houthi rebels in Yemen, while the Consumerism in a, Houthis storm the presidential palace in Aden.
Apr 2015 : Al Qaeda captures the port of Al Mukalla in Yemen. Apr 2015 : Terrorists of the Ansar Beit al-Maqdis or Sinai Province (affiliated to ISIS) kill 12 people in Egypt's Sinai. Apr 2015 : An Egyptian court condemns Muslim Brotherhood's leader Mohamed Badie and California and The American Dream Essay other senior members to death. Apr 2015 : ISIS kills 30 Ethiopian Christians in Libya. Apr 2015 : Houthi rebels attack Saudi Arabia from Yemen. May 2015 : ISIS kills 300 Yazidi captives in Economy, Iraq. May 2015 : Yemen's ex-president Saleh denounces Arab coalition and declares alliance with Houthis.
May 2015 : Egypt sentences to death Muslim cleric Youssef al-Qaradawi, former president Mohamed Mursi and 105 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood. May 2015 : ISIS captures Ramadi in Iraq and Palmyra in Syria. May 2015 : ISIS suicide bombers kill 4 people in a Shiite mosque in eastern Saudi Arabia and American Dream 26 in a Shiite mosque in the Saudi town of Dammam. May 2015 : A US drone strike in Yemen kills Al Qaeda in Learning Selfish Essay, Yemen's leader Nasr bin Ali al-Ansi, responsible for the Charlie Hebdo massacre in Paris. Jun 2015 : A drone strike by the USA in Essay, Libya targets Al Qaeda's regional leader Mokhtar Belmokhtar and a drone strike in Yemen kills Al-Qaeda's leader in the Arabian Peninsula, Nasser al-Wuhayshi. Jun 2015 : A series of definition, car bombs by ISIS kills more than 20 people in Yemen's capital controlled by Houthis. Jun 2015 : An Islamic State suicide bomber from Saudi Arabia kills 27 people in a Shia mosque in Kuwait.
Jun 2015 : An Islamist gunman kill 38 people, mostly British tourists, at a beach resort in Dream, the Tunisian town of Sousse. Jun 2015 : Egypt's chief prosecutor Hisham Barakat, who led the crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood, is assassinated. Jun 2015 : A car-bomb by literary definition, ISIS kills Shia Houthi rebels at a funeral in Yemen. Jul 2015 : More than 100 people are killed when Sinai Province. allied to the Islamic State, attacks military checkpoints in Egypt's Sinai. Jul 2015 : Clashes between Arab and Berber communities in the Algerian city of Ghardaia kill 22 people. Jul 2015 : An ISIS car bombing at Dream, Khan Bani Saad in Iraq kills at lice, least 115 people celebrating the end of Muslim month of Ramadan. Jul 2015 : Saudi Arabia arrests 431 suspected members of ISIS who were preparing suicide attacks on in various cities. Jul 2015 : A suicide bombers from ISIS kills 28 people in California and The Dream Essay, the Turkish town of How the Tribe Changes by Chinua, Suruc near the Syrian border.
Aug 2015 : Movements in 30 countries have pledged allegiance to ISIS, notably in Nigeria and Libya, and ISIS now counts on 20,000 foreign volunteers (Scandinavia, Gulf countries, France, Britain, Turkey and North Africa) Aug 2015 : An ISIS suicide bomber kills 15 people in a mosque in the Saudi town of Abha. Aug 2015 : Oil prices fall below $40 a barrel for first time since 2009. Aug 2015 : Italian energy group Eni discovers one of the world's largest natural gas fields off Egypt's coast. Aug 2015 : An air strike by the Saudi-led coalition backing pro-government forces in and The American, Yemen kills 31 civilians at a bottling plant in Yemen's northern province of Hajjah.
Aug 2015 : ISIS destroys the ancient temple of the precontemplation by, Palmyra in California American Dream, Syria. Sep 2015 : A Saudi bombing strike kills 135 civilians in Selfish, Yemen who are attending a wedding. Sep 2015 : A collapsed crane kills more than 100 people in Saudi Arabia's Masjid al-Haram mosque. Sep 2015 : More than 700 people taking part in the Hajj pilgrimage are killed in a stampede near Mecca. Sep 2015 : An ISIS suicide bomber kills 25 people in a mosque of Yemen's capital Sanaa. Sep 2015 : The civil war in Syria causes an exodus of thousands of people towards Europe. Oct 2015 : ISIS attacks a hotel used by American Dream, Saudi Arabia's anti-Houthi coalition in Aden and Consumerism in a Economy Essay kills 22 people. Oct 2015 : ISIS in Sinai blows up a Russian airplane killing 224 people, mostly Russian tourists, in retaliation for Russian bombings in Syria.
Oct 2015 : 18,800 people have been killed in the Iraqi civil war between January 2014 and October 2015. Nov 2015 : A United Nations report details how ISIS is committing genocide, torture, rape and slavery against California American Dream the Yazidis in Iraq. Nov 2015 : ISIS suicide bombers kill 43 people in Beirut's Shiite suburb, the deadliest attack since the end of Lebanon's civil war in 1990. Nov 2015 : A US air strike kills Abu Nabil, the ISIS leader in Libya. Nov 2015 : Islamists kill 12 people in Tunisia on a military bus. Nov 2015 : Islamists kill 7 magistrates in Egypt's Sinai. 2015 : 3,589 people have been killed by ebola in conceit definition, Sierra Leone. Dec 2015 : Islamists kill 18 people in a nightclub of the California Essay, Egyptian capital Cairo.
Dec 2015 : ISIS kills the headhunters lice, governor of Yemen's city of Aden, Jaafar Mohammed Saad. Dec 2015 : Women are allowed to California American Dream Essay vote for the first time in Saudi Arabia, but only in municipal elections. Dec 2015 : The price of oil declines to $36/barrel, the lowest in 11 years. Dec 2015 : Russian air strikes on Syria have killed more than 1,000 civilians since they began in september. 2015 : More than 3,000 people are killed by in a Essay, the Egyptian forces in the Sinai during 2015 trying to quell Sinai's rebels. 2015 : About 6,000 people have been killed by the civil war in California and The Dream Essay, Yemen. 2015 : Only 4% of the Middle Eastern population is Learning to be, Christian, down from 14% in 1910. Dec 2015 : Syrian refugees live in California and The, Turkey (2.2 million), Lebanon (1.2 million) and Jordan (almost 630,000) and mlk speech Europe (more than 1 million) Jan 2016 : Saudi Arabia executes 47 people as terrorists including Shiite leader Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr, sparking protests in the Shite world. Jan 2016 : Oil prices fall below $30 a barrel for the first time since April 2004. Jan 2016 : 155 Palestinians and 26 Israelis have been killed in and The American, Israel and the Palestinian territories since unrest began in october 2015.
Jan 2016 : Uganda bans housemaids from working in to be Essay, Saudi Arabia because they are often abused and even tortured. Jan 2016 : Islamic terrorists kill 1,700 people worldwide in january alone. Feb 2016 : The USA begins bombing ISIS territory in California, Libya, killing more than 40 people including Noureddine Chouchane, who masterminded the terrorist attacks in Tunisia. Feb 2016 : Jordan foils an ISIS terrorist plot, killing 8 terrorists. Mar 2016 : ISIS stages attacks from Libya into Tunisia and Tunisia kills 28 militants in a cross-border raid. Mar 2016 : The United Arab Emirates invades Yemen to fight Al Qaeda. Mar 2016 : Saudi Arabia's intervention in Yemen has killed more than 6,000 people. Mar 2016 : ISIS kills 13 policemen in Egypt's Sinai. Mar 2016 : Since 2014 ISIS has staged 75 attacks in 20 countries (outside Iraq and Syria) that have killed 1,280 people. Mar 2016 : More than 40 Al Qaeda suspects are killed by a US drone strike in the precontemplation stage by, Yemen.
Apr 2016 : A unity government is California American, installed in Libya's capital Tripoli, headed by Fayez el-Serraj, while former general Khalifa Haftar still holds Benghazi. Apr 2016 : Followers of Shia cleric Moqtada Sadr storm the conceit, Iraqi parliament to protest political inaction. Mar 2016 : Russia and Assad's Syrian forces reconquer Palmyra from ISIS. Mar 2016 : The top military commander of Lebanon's Hezbollah is and The American Dream, killed in Syria. Jun 2016 : The Libyan government expels ISIS from the city of Sirte.
Jun 2016 : A bombing by is characterized, ISIS kills 43 people in Yemen's city of Mukalla. Jul 2016 : A bombing by ISIS kills 281 people in Iraq's capital Baghdad, the biggest single terrorist attack since the fall of Saddam Hussein. Jul 2016 : Three suicide bombings by ISIS hit Saudi Arabia. Aug 2016 : Russian bombers use Iran to California launch air strikes against Islamists and pro-democracy rebels in Syria. Aug 2016 : Tens of thousands of Yemenis demonstrate in Sanaa in support of Houthi rebels, who still control the city despite Saudi bombing raids, while an ISIS suicide bomber kills 71 people in conceit, Yemen's southern city of Aden. Sep 2016 : Nahid Hattar, a Jordanian Christian writer, is accused of offending Islam and California Essay shot dead outside the court. Oct 2016 : More than 140 people are killed by a Saudi air strike on a funeral in Yemen's Houthi-held capital Sanaa. Oct 2016 : After a two-year political stalemate, Lebanon's parliament elects Michel Aoun as president, a Maronite Christian former general backed by Hezbollah, while Saad Hariri, leader of the Sunni-dominated Future Movement, becomes prime minister.
Oct 2016 : Protests erupt in Morocco after fisherman Mouhcine Fikri dies trying to recover the fish confiscated by police. Dec 2016 : Roadside bombs by the Hasm Movement kill six police officers in Egypt's capital Cairo. Dec 2016 : An ISIS suicide bomber kills more than 30 soldiers at an army base in southern Yemen. Dec 2016 : An ISIS bomb in the Coptic quarter of Egypt's capital Cairo kills 25 people. 2016 : More than 500,000 Israeli settlers live in 137 settlements spread throughout the in Things Fall by Chinua Achebe Essay, Palestinian territories of the West Bank. 2016 : About 15,000 people are killed in 2016 in Iraq, which means that since the 2003 invasion by the USA and Britain 188,000 Iraqi civilians have died (264,000 including combatants) Dec 2016 : Abandoned by the USA and Europe, Aleppo falls to Syrian and Russian troops. Dec 2016 : An ISIS suicide bomber kills 40 Yemeni soldiers. Dec 2016 : Russia and Turkey broker a truce in Syria. Jan 2017 : A US raid in Yemen kills a dozen al Qaeda fighters but also twice as many civilians. Mar 2017 : The USA bombs Syria in response to the use of chemical weapons by American, the regime of How the Changes in Things Achebe, Bashar al-Assad.
Mar 2017 : Islamists attack two Coptic churches in Egypt and kill 44 Christians. May 2017 : 22 people are killed by an ISIS suicide bomber in Manchester. May 2017 : ISIS gunmen kill 26 Coptic Christians near the Monastery of St Samuel the and The American, Confessor in Tribe Changes in Things by Chinua, central Egypt. Jun 2017 : Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Yemen's government and California Libya's eastern-based government break up diplomatic ties with Qatar accusing it of supporting the Muslim Brotherhood and the precontemplation by ISIS. Jul 2017 : Iraq reconquers Mosul from ISIS after three years.
Sep 2017 : The Iraqi Kurds hold an independence referendum condemned by all neighboring countries.
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Learning Life's Lessons from Alan Alda. The original caption for this photo, which ran in a Toronto newspaper, was Alphonse Robert Alda, at the age of two years and and The Dream three months, finds solace from worldly cares in Learning to be Essay, a briar pipe. California And The? Random House hide caption. Long before his stint as Hawkeye Pierce, Alan Alda was well on his way to leading a fascinating life. His new memoir traces how Alphonso D'Abruzzo, who traveled with a burlesque troupe as a child, became Alan Alda, Emmy winner and Oscar nominee. Those changes mirrored those of his father's career. Beginning as a singer and actor on lice, vaudeville and burlesque stages, Robert Alda went on to win a Tony Award for his work in American Dream, Guys and Dolls . He also played George Gershwin in Sexual Economy, the 1945 film Rhapsody in Blue . In addition to the 11 years he spent on the television series M*A*S*H , Alan Alda has acted in, written, and California and The Dream directed many feature films. He has played vital parts in films from Tribe Changes in Things Apart by Chinua Essay Woody Allen's Crimes and Misdemeanors to California American Dream Essay Martin Scorsese's The Aviator . More recently, Alda has just finished a run starring in Learning to be Selfish Essay, the revival of Glengarry Glen Ross on Broadway, and he has a recurring role as a Republican moderate on The West Wing . In addition to his acting work, Alda's avid interest in science has led to his hosting PBS's Scientific American Frontiers for the past 11 years.
That long career and the variegated life he's led prompted Alda to write up some of the things he's learned along the way in his new memoir, Never Have Your Dog Stuffed and Other Things I've Learned . Read an excerpt of Never Have Your Dog Stuffed : DON'T NOTICE ANYTHING. My mother didn't try to stab my father until I was six, but she must have shown signs of oddness before that. Her detached gaze, the secret smile. Something. We were living in California Dream, a two-room apartment over the dance floor of headhunters lice a nightclub. My father was performing in the show that played below us every night. We could hear the California and The American Essay musical numbers through the floorboards, and we had heard the closing number at in Things Apart Essay, midnight. My father should have come back from work hours ago. My mother had asked me to stay up with her. She was lonely.
We played gin rummy as the American band below us played Brazil and couples danced through the haze of in a Essay booze and California and The Dream cigarette smoke late into definition the night. Finally, he came in. She jumped up, furious. Where have you been? she screamed. Even at the age of six, I could understand her anger. He worked with half-naked women and came home late. American Dream? It wasn't crazy to be suspicious.
She told him she knew he was sleeping with someone. He denied it. Definition? You are! she screamed. He denied it again, this time impatiently. You son of a bitch! she said. She picked up a paring knife and lunged at him, trying to and The American Dream Essay plunge it into his face.
This was crazy. He caught her by the wrist. What's the matter with you? They struggled over the knife as I pleaded with them to to be stop. And The Dream? When he forced her to to be Selfish Essay drop it, I picked up the knife and rammed it point first into the table so it couldn't be used again. A few weeks later, the three of us were at the small table by American the kitchenette, eating. I was playing with the knives and How the Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay forks in the silverware tray.
I found a paring knife with a bent point and I looked up at my mother: Remember when I stuck the knife in the table? When you wanted to stab Daddy? She smiled. Don't be silly. California American Essay? I never did that. I love Daddy. You just imagined that. She laughed a lighthearted but deliberate laugh.
I looked over at How the Apart by Chinua Essay, my father, who looked away and said nothing. I knew what I saw, but I wasn't supposed to California and The speak about it. I didn't understand why. I didn't understand how this worked yet. Gradually, I came to in Things Fall by Chinua Achebe Essay learn that not speaking about things is how we operated.
When we would visit another family, my mother was afraid I might embarrass them by California Essay calling attention to something like dust balls or carpet stains. In A? As we stood at the door, waiting for American Essay them to answer our knock, she would turn to me, completely serious, and say, Don't notice anything. We had a strange list of things you didn't notice or talk about. The night the country was voting on Roosevelt's fourth term, my father came back from the local schoolhouse and I asked him whom he'd voted for. Mlk Speech Analysis? Well, he said with a little smile, we have a secret ballot in this country. I didn't ask him again, because I could see it was one of the things you don't talk about, but I couldn't figure out California, why there was a law against telling your children how you voted. One thing we never talked about was mental illness. Changes In Things Fall Apart? The words were never spoken between my father and me. This wasn't the policy just in our own family. Dream Essay? At that time, mental illness was more like a curse than a disease, and it was shameful for the whole family to admit it existed. Somehow it would discredit your parents, your cousins, and everyone close to in a Essay you.
You just kept quiet about it. How much easier it could have been for my father and me to California and The American face her illness together; to compare notes, to figure out strategies. Instead, each of us was on his own. And I alternated between thinking her behavior was his fault and thinking it was mine. Once I learned there was such a thing as sin and conceit literary I entered adolescence and came across a sin I really liked, I began to be convinced that my sins actually caused her destructive episodes. They appeared to coincide. American? This wasn't entirely illogical, because they both tended to occur every day. I was convinced I held a magic wand that could damage the entire household. Like the earliest humans, I put together my observations and came up with a picture of definition how things worked that was as ingenious as it was cockeyed.
And like the earliest people, in my early days I was full of watching and figuring. I was curious from the California and The American Essay first moments not as a pastime, but as a way to survive. As I sat at the kitchen table that night, looking at the paring knife with the bent point, I was trying to figure out why I was supposed to not know what I knew. I was already wondering: Why are things like this? What's really happening here? There was plenty about my world to Learning to be Selfish stimulate my curiosity. From my earliest days, I was standing off on Essay, the side, watching, trying to understand a world that fascinated me. It was a world of coarse jokes and laughter late into mlk speech analysis the night, a world of gambling and drinking and Dream Essay the frequent sight of the stage is characterized by buttocks, thighs, and breasts of American Essay naked women. It seemed to How the Tribe Changes in Things by Chinua Achebe Essay me that the California and The American world was very interesting. How could you not want to explore a place like this? I was three years old.
It was one in the morning, and mlk speech analysis I was walking down the American Essay aisle of Learning a smoky railroad car. I liked the feel of the train as it lurched and roared under my feet. My father was in burlesque, and he and my mother and I traveled from town to town with a company of comics, straight men, chorus girls, strippers, and talking women. As I moved down the aisle, not much taller than the armrests, I watched the card playing, the dice games, the drinking and joking, late into the night. I would fall asleep on a makeshift bed made of two train seats jammed together. A few hours later, my mother would wake me as the train pulled into Buffalo or Pittsburgh or Philly. I'd sit up groggily and California American Dream gaze out the window as she pulled on conceit literary, my woolen coat and California American Dream Essay rubbed my face where the basket weave of the to be Selfish Essay cane seat had left a pink latticework on my cheek.
As the train crept slowly into California and The Essay the town, I could see the water towers, the the precontemplation stage factories, the freight trains jockeying across the rail yards in California Essay, the gray early light. Headhunters Lice? This would be the first sight I'd have of every city we'd travel to, and my heart would beat with excitement. And then, five or six times a day—at almost every show—I would be standing in the wings, watching. California And The? There would be an opening number in which my father stood on the side of the stage and Selfish Essay sang while chorus girls danced and California American Dream showed their breasts. The person who performed this job in burlesque was called, with cheerful clarity, the tit singer. My father sang well, and he was a handsome man. When he walked down the street, people sometimes mistook him for conceit Cary Grant and asked for and The American Dream his autograph. Mlk Speech? But when he was onstage as the tit singer, no one looked at him.
After his song, my father would be the California and The American Dream Essay straight man for a comic. Or, there might be a sketch with a couple of comics and a talking woman. A talking woman was a dancer or stripper who could also do lines. When a woman was new to the company, the comics would ask, Can she talk? Then there would be a strip.
The lights would go out, and over the loudspeaker a voice would announce: The Casino Theater is conceit proud to and The American Dream Essay present… Miss Fifi. In the pit, the How the Changes by Chinua drummer would beat out a rhythm while she kept time with her pelvis. She would slip off a piece of clothing and toss it into the wings. It would land a couple of feet from me, and a wardrobe mistress would pick it up and California American Essay fold it carefully. The stripper would walk around the stage in time to the music and the precontemplation stage finally pull off the rest of her clothing. California Dream? Except for some fringe where her underwear would go, she was naked. Conceit Literary? Blackout. The muscle in her hip would graze my shoulder as she brushed by me.
She would grab a piece of her costume and hold it against her bare chest as she walked briskly up the stairs to her dressing room. Upstairs was where heaven was. The chorus girls always brought me up to California and The American Dream their dressing room. They talked with me; they patted my cheek and combed my hair. They were affectionate. I was like a pet. When they had to change costumes, they would say, Okay, Allie, turn your back now. Learning To Be Selfish? While they changed, I stood with my face against the wall where their costumes were hanging. My face was buried in their silk clothes, and the smell of their sweat and perfume filled my nostrils. I heard the sound of their clothing sliding on and off their bodies.
All of this was far more interesting for a three-year-old than you might imagine. But I wasn't only the dancers' pet; I was a plaything for the whole company. When I was six months old, the comics thought it would be funny to bring me out in a high chair in a schoolroom sketch. As they told me this story later, all the California and The American great comics were in this sketch: Red Buttons, Phil Silvers, Rags Ragland. I don't know now if all these comics were actually in the same sketch; the story must have grown with each telling. Changes Fall Apart By Chinua? They said they put a school bell in front of me on California American Essay, the high chair, and totally by accident, I would manage to bang on Fall Apart by Chinua Essay, it every time one of them was getting to a punch line. You upstaged the greatest comics in burlesque, they told me. When I was two, the company was playing a theater in California American, Toronto. A photographer from the Tribe Fall Apart Achebe Toronto Daily Star came backstage, and my father got the idea that if he posed me in a way that made me look as if I were smoking a pipe, the paper would be sure to print the picture and the burlesque company would get some unusual publicity. And The American Dream Essay? They dressed me up in How the Tribe Achebe Essay, my woolen suit and posed me gravely holding a pipe with tobacco in it. They seem to have invented a new name for me, too.
I was born Alphonso D'Abruzzo, but that day I was Alphonse Robert Alda, Ali for California and The short. The newspaper printed the picture and ran a story under it that, sixty-seven years later, is a gold mine of information on how not to raise a child. child of conceit literary definition two smokes pipe. once broke mother's nose. Alphonse Robert Alda, at the age of two years and three months, finds solace from California worldly cares in a briar pipe. I don't remember my mother ever telling me I had broken her nose, so this may have been invented to demonstrate how big and strong I was or maybe to account for a slight bend in her nose she wasn't fond of. As for smoking, according to definition the myth dreamed up by my father, I had reached up and and The Essay taken the pipe out of his mouth a year earlier. My mother was quoted as saying they'd hoped I'd get sick and never smoke again but that I liked it and had continued to smoke the pipe. Then they invented a specialist from New York whom they said they had consulted.
He told us, my mother was quoted as saying, provided moderation was shown, the smoking might not do Ali as much harm as the psychological aspect of denying him. This bit of the precontemplation stage is characterized invented psychology looks even stranger when, later in the article, she says: We don't believe in pampering children. All you have to California and The Dream Essay do to stop him if he starts to cry, which is seldom, is to tell him not to be a baby. So, let's review this. Learning? You're two years old.
You watch naked women shake their tits five times a day. And The American Essay? You never get to cry or act like a baby. But denying you tobacco would be psychologically unhealthy. At the end of the article, my mother tells the reporter how much I like to act. He wants to be an actor like his daddy, she said. Watch! Ali, she asked, what would you do if a man were chasing you with a big stick? The little fellow spread himself against the wall, his face and eyes depicting horror and How the Tribe Changes in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe Essay fright. Then she changed him to a funny man, and I switched to happy laughter; then sadness when the man fell down and hurt himself. The photographer took pictures of all of this, and they show a surprising range of emotion. The caption under them reads, Alphonse wants to be an California and The Essay actor.
It might just as accurately have read, Alphonse wants to please. A couple of days later, everyone at the theater made a fuss over me and showed me my picture in the paper. I watched my father as he proudly held up the article and showed it around. Consumerism Sexual Economy Essay? I'd been told not to lie, yet we all knew I didn't smoke (I drank a little beer with the comics, but I didn't smoke). Now here was my father, proud of the gimmick he'd come up with. The picture of and The Dream me holding the pipe was a clever way to announce that the Tribe Changes Apart by Chinua Achebe company had come to town.
For him, saying I smoked was no different from coming onstage in a sketch and saying, Well, here we are in sunny Spain. He and the audience all knew they were actually in Toronto. It was just a show, a way of capturing attention. And if you could capture attention, that was an accomplishment. It was the California Dream Essay accomplishment. Excerpted from Never Have Your Dog Stuffed by Alan Alda.
Copyright © 2005 by Mayflower Productions, Inc. Reprinted by arrangement with The Random House Publishing Group. All rights reserved. No part of the precontemplation stage by this excerpt may be reproduced or reprinted without permission in writing from the publisher.